|Derivation||From Old High German adal, from Proto-Germanic *aþalaz, whence also Old English æthel, Old Norse aðall|
|Region of origin||Northern Europe|
|Alternative spelling||Ådel, Ædel, Adell|
|Variant form(s)||Edel, Adil|
|Related names||Adela, Adelaide, Adele, Adelheid, Adolf, Aldo, Ethel|
Adel (English pronunciation: i//) is a Germanic monothematic given name meaning "noble" or "nobility". It is also found as a surname, sometimes with a prefix—such as den Adel or van Adel. Modern variants of the name include Norwegian Ådel, Danish Ædel and Yiddish Adell. It is the root of the names Adolf, Albert, Alice, and their variants in other languages.
Derived from the Old English word æthel, meaning "noble"—and by extension the Proto-Germanic word *aþalaz, meaning "nobility", the name itself is used throughout most of Germanic-speaking Europe as the word for nobility.
Other possible origins include:
- the Ancient Greek word αδηλ, meaning "concealed" and "not apparent", a combination of the privative α prefix and the word δηλως—meaning "visible" and "evident"—or Δήλος—Delos, Aegan island and birthplace of Artemis and Apollo.
- a latinisation of the Biblical Hebrew name עֲדִינָא, meaning "slender" and "delicate".
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In the United States
Variations of the name
In other languages
Adel and its variants may refer to a number of notable people:
- Adel I Friso of Friesland (died c. 245 BC), King of Friesland
- Adel II Atharik of Friesland (died c. 151 BC), King of Friesland
- Adel III Ubbo of Friesland (died c. 71 BC), King of Friesland
- Adel IV Asega Askar of Friesland (died c. 11), King of Friesland
- Politics and Business
- Adel Batterjee, Saudi businessman
- Adel Chaveleh, American businessman
- Adel Fakeih (born 1959), Saudi Arabian engineer and politician
- Adel Al-Jubeir (born 1962), Saudi politician
- Adel Labib, Egyptian politician
- Adel Mouwda, Bahraini politician
- Adel Murad (born 1949), Iraqi politician
- Adel Osseiran (1905−1998), Lebanese politician
- Adel Al-Saraawi (born 1962), Kuwaiti politician
- Adel Farhan Halasa (born 1933), American scientist
- Adel Sedra (born 1943), Egyptian Canadian electrical engineer
- Literature and Journalism
- Adel Daher (born 1939), American philosopher and writer
- Adel Alexander Darwish (born 1954), British journalist
- Adel Iskandar Farag (born 1977), British academic
- Adel Ferdosipour (born 1974), Iranian journalist
- Adel Hammouda (born 1968), Egyptian journalist
- Adel Karasholi (born 1936), German writer
- Adel Theodore Khoury (born 1930), German Lebanese Catholic theologian
- Adel Kutuy (1903−1945), Soviet Tatar poet, writer and playwright
- Adel Manna (born 1947), Israeli historian
- Adel Al Toraifi (born 1979), Saudi journalist
- Art and Cinema
- Adel Abdessemed (born 1971), French Algerian conceptual artist
- Adel Bencherif (born 1975), French actor
- Adel Imam (born 1940), Egyptian actor
- Adel Kamel (1942–2003), Egyptian musicologist
- Adel Nassief (born 1962), Egyptian painter
- Adel Tawil (born 1978), German singer
- Adel Souto (born 1969), American musician
- Adel Abdulaziz (born 1980), Emirati footballer
- Adel Abdullah (born 1984), Syrian footballer
- Adel Amrouche (born 1968), Algerian football manager
- Adel Chedli (born 1976), Tunisian footballer
- Adel Eid (born 1984), Egyptian-Finnish footballer
- Adel Fellous (born 1978), French rugby league player
- Adel Giniiatov (born 1996), Russian water polo player
- Adel Guemari (born 1984), French footballer
- Adel El Hadi (born 1980), Algerian footballer
- Adel Humoud (born 1986), Kuwaiti footballer
- Adel Kolahkaj (born 1985), Iranian footballer
- Adel Lakhdari (born 1989), Algerian footballer
- Adel Lami (born 1985), Qatari footballer
- Adel Maïza (born 1983), Algerian footballer
- Adel Massaad (born 1964), Egyptian table tennis player
- Adel Messali (born 1983), Algerian footballer
- Adel Nefzi (born 1974), Tunisian footballer
- Adel Sellimi (born 1972), Tunisian footballer
- Adel Taarabt (born 1989), Moroccan footballer
- Adel Tlatli, Tunisian basketball coach
- Daniel Adel (born 1962), American painter and illustrator
- Deng Adel (born 1996), South Sudan-born Australian basketball player
- Sharon den Adel (born 1974), Dutch singer and composer
- Ilunga Adell (born William Adell Stevenson in 1948), American television and film producer, screenwriter and actor
- Joan Elies Adell i Pitarch (born 1968), Catalan-language poet and essayist
- Traci Adell, Playboy Playmate of the Month for July 1994
- Adell (アデル), a major character in the video game Disgaea 2: Cursed Memories
- Adel Frost (아델 프로스트), a minor character in the now-discontinued two-dimensional side-scrolling MMORPG Grand Chase
- Adel, a minor character in the video game Final Fantasy VIII
- Âdel, a character in Pleasure and Suffering
- Adel, a character in Winter of Discontent
- It is also used as a short form of any of the various names containing adal as an element.
- Wells, Evelyn (1946). A Treasury of Names. Duell, Sloan and Pearce. pp. 167–168. ISBN 9780385001830. OCLC 1400921.
- Martinus, Hamconius (1609). Frisia, seu, de viris rebusque Frisiae illustribus. Monasterii Westphal. ISBN 9781166365998. OCLC 730442.
- Otterbjörk, Roland (1979). Svenska förnamn: kortfattat namnlexikon. Almquist & Wiksell. ISBN 9789121109373. OCLC 258437884.
- Eseverri Hualde, Crisostomo (1979). Diccionario etimológico de helenismos españoles. Aldecoa, SL. p. 687. ISBN 9788470090721. OCLC 431915107.
- Campe, Joachim Heinrich (1807). Wörterbuch der Deutschen Sprache. Schulbuchhandlung. ISBN 9783487024691. OCLC 3497871.
- De Vries, Jan; De Tollenaere, Felicien (1963). Nederlands Etymologisch Woordenboek. Brill Publishers. ISBN 9789004083929. OCLC 1073712.
- Larousse, Pierre (1864). Grand dictionnaire universel du XIXe siècle. Tome 1. Larousse & Boyer. p. 88. ISBN 9782869711938. OCLC 489966495.
- Merriam-Webster: Dictionary and Thesaurus. Merriam-Webster, Inc. Retrieved 2016-11-12..
- "Adel – as a first name". Whitepages.com. Whitepages, Inc. Retrieved 2016-11-12.
- "Popularity of the Surname Adel". The Internet Surname Database. Retrieved 2017-01-12.
- "Adel – as a last name". Whitepages.com. Whitepages, Inc. Retrieved 2017-01-12.
- Förstemann, Ernst Wilhelm; Jellinghaus, Hermann; Seelmann, Emil Paul (1900). Altdeutsches Namenbuch. Bonn, P. Hanstein. ISBN 9781270754695. OCLC 6433213.
- Kruken, Kristoffe; Stemshaug, Ola (2013). Norsk personnamnleksikon. Det Norske Samlaget. ISBN 9788252173680. OCLC 857408033.
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