Illustration of Prince Adel of Frisia (son of King Friso of Frisia) by Martini Hamconii
|Gender||Masculine and feminine|
|Derivation||From proto-Germanic "aþalą" and "ōþilą"|
|Meaning||Noble, nobility, elite|
|Region of origin||Northern Europe|
|Variant form(s)||Ådel, Ädel, Ádel, Adél, Adal, Adil, Adiel, Ædel, Édel, Edel|
|Pet form(s)||Addy, Addie, Adels, Addles, Al|
|Related names||Adelson, Adeldaughter, Adelantis, Adelais, Adelaide, Adeliza, Adeline, Adelina, Adelle, Adella, Adelta, Adelia, Aderic, Adolf, Albert, Alice, Ethel, Ethelle|
Adel is a prestigious given name of ancient European origins that evolved from words and retained its meaning through the ages. These words meant "noble", "nobility" or "elite", had linguistic similarities, and were combined with other words to form names.
The words pertain to the languages of north-western Europe, which include English, French, Luxembourgish, German, Dutch, Frisian, Danish, Norwegian, Swedish, Finnish, Faroese, and Icelandic. Today, "Adel" is a gender-neutral given name and short form of given names with this combining element.
Nordic variants of the name include Ådel, Ädel, Ádel, and Ædel. German and Dutch variants of the name include Adal and Edel. French variants of the name include Édel and Adél (not to be confused with Adèle).
Although global, Adel remains prominent in north-western European countries. It can also be found as a family name with or without an affix (such as de Adel, den Adel, or van Adel). The Arabic equivalent of the name is Adil for which Adel can be an alternative transliteration. The Hebrew equivalent of the name is Adiel for which Adel can be an alternative transliteration.
The earliest known female to bear this name was Princess Adel of Liege, who was born circa 632 AD. The earliest known male to bear this name was King Adel of Sweden, who was born circa 572 AD. His son's name was Adelson.
An old legend of a king to bear this name was of King Adel of Frisia, who is said to have been born circa 228 BC. His father's name was Friso, who is a legendary king of the Frisians and founder of the kingdom.
- 1 Origins
- 2 Popularity
- 3 Pronunciation
- 4 Variations
- 5 Notable people
- 6 Fictional characters
- 7 Notes
- 8 References
- 9 See also
The name derives from Old Dutch "ōþil", Old German "adal", Old Norse "aðal", Old French "œ̄ðel", and Old English "æðel" by evolution of proto-Germanic "aþalą" (meaning "noble" and "kin") and "ōþilą" (meaning "inheritance" and "rule of the land").
Other origins include:
- Runic alphabet (before the adoption of the Latin alphabet)
- Latin alphabet (derived from the Etruscan and Greek alphabets; ultimately from the Phoenician alphabet)
Adel was found over 4,000 times as a family name and over 15,000 times as a given name in 55 different countries. It is a relatively rare name. Aside from Nordic countries, it is most prominent in the United States, the United Kingdom, France, Russia, Egypt, Saudi Arabia, and the United Arab Emirates.
- Daniel Adel (born 1962), American painter and illustrator
- Deng Adel (born 1996), Australian basketball player
- Sharon den Adel (born 1974), Dutch singer and composer
- Ilunga Adell (born William Adell Stevenson in 1948), American television and film producer, screenwriter and actor
- Joan Elies Adell i Pitarch (born 1968), Catalan-language poet and essayist
- Traci Adell, Playboy Playmate of the Month for July 1994
- Adel I Friso of Friesland (died c. 245 BC), King of Friesland
- Adel II Atharik of Friesland (died c. 151 BC), King of Friesland
- Adel III Ubbo of Friesland (died c. 71 BC), King of Friesland
- Adel IV Asega Askar of Friesland (died c. 11), King of Friesland
- Adel F. Halasa (born 1933), American scientist
- Adel S. Sedra (born 1943), Canadian electrical engineer
Literature and journalism
- Adel A. Darwish (born 1954), British journalist
- Adel I. Farag (born 1977), British academic
- Adel T. Khoury (born 1930), German Catholic theologian
- Adel Kutuy (1903−1945), Soviet Tatar poet, writer and playwright
- Adel Manna (born 1947), Israeli historian
- Adel Souto (born 1969), American musician
- Adel Tankova (born 2000), Ukrainian-born Israeli Olympic figure skater
- Adell (アデル), a major character in the video game Disgaea 2: Cursed Memories
- Adel Frost (아델 프로스트), a minor character in the now-discontinued two-dimensional side-scrolling MMORPG Grand Chase
- Adel, a minor antagonist character in the video game Final Fantasy VIII
- Âdel, a character in Pleasure and Suffering
- Adel, a character in Winter of Discontent
- Adél, a character in GeGeGe no Kitaro (2018)
- "Adel (pronunciation)". Cambridge Dictionary (Cambridge University Press).
- Förstemann, Ernst (1856). Altdeutsches namenbuch. Verlag von ferd Förstemann.
- Hellquist, Elof (1922). Svensk etymologisk ordbok. Gleerup.
- Holmes, Urban; Schutz, Alexander (1938). A History of the French Language. Biblo & Tannen.
- Hualde, Crisóstomo (1945). Diccionario etimológico de helenismos españoles. Imprenta Aldecoa.
- Holthausen, Ferdinand (1948). Vergleichendes und etymologisches Wörterbuch des Altwestnordischen, Altnorwegisch-isländischen: einschliesslich der Lehn- und Fremdwörter sowie der Eigennamen. Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht.
- Schlaug, Wilhelm (1955). Studien zu den altsächsischen Personennamen des 11. und 12. Jahrhunderts. Gleerup.
- Schlaug, Wilhelm (1962). Die altsächsischen Personennamen vor dem Jahre 1000. Gleerup.
- Otterbjörk, Roland (1979). Svenska förnamn: kortfattat namnlexikon. Almqvist & Wiksell.
- Lautin, Inger (1993). Hva skal barnet hete?. Schibsted Forlag.
- Kruken, Kristoffer; Stemshaug, Ola (1995). Norsk personnamnleksikon. Samlaget.
- Weitershaus, Friedrich (1998). Das große Vornamenlexikon. Orbis Verlag.
- Brylla, Eva (2004). Förnamn i Sverige: kortfattat namnlexikon. Liber.
- Seibicke, Wilfried (2007). Historisches Deutsches Vornamenbuch. De Gruyter.
- Peterson, Lena (2007). Nordiskt runnamnslexikon. Reklam & Katalogtryck.
- Willemyns, Roland (2013). Dutch: Biography of a Language. OUP USA.
- "Adel (female name)". Nordic Names.
- "Adel (male name)". Nordic Names.
- "Adel (girl name)". Babble (Disney).
- "Adel (boy name)". Babble (Disney).
- "Adel (girl name)". Baby Name Science.
- "Adel (boy name)". Baby Name Science.
- "Adal (Germanic name element)". Nordic Names.
- "Adél (combining name element)". Nordic Names.
- "Adel (combining name element)". Nordic Names.
- "Adelson (notable masculine form)". Names Encyclopedia.
- "Adelaide (notable feminine form)". Names Encyclopedia.
- "Adelle (notable feminine form)". Names Encyclopedia.
- "Princess Adel of Liege". Geni Genealogy (MyHeritage).
- The Catholic Encyclopedia. 1909.
- "King Adel of Sweden". Geni Genealogy (MyHeritage).
- The Swedish Chronicle (Vetus chronicon sveciæ prosaicum or Prosaiska krönikan). 1400s.
- Peterson, Lena (2007). Lexikon över urnordiska personnamn (Lexicon of Nordic personal names before the eighth century). Swedish Institute for Language and Folklore.
- Hamconii, Martini (1620). Frisia sev de viris rebvsqve Frisiæ illvstribvs. National Library of the Netherlands (original from the University of Amsterdam).
- Sandbach, Wiliam (1876). The Oera Linda Book. Library of Alexandria.
- "King Adel of Frisia". Geni Genealogy (MyHeritage).
- Dale, Van (2005). Groot woordenboek van de Nederlandse taal (Great Dictionary of the Dutch Language). Van Dale Lexicografie.
- Dale, Van (2007). Groot etymologisch woordenboek (Great Etymological Dictionary). French & European Publications.
- Brachet, Auguste; Kitchin, George (1878). An Etymological Dictionary of the French Language. Clarendon Press.
- Skeat, Walter (1882). An Etymological Dictionary of the English Language. Courier Corporation.
- Kluge, Friedrich (1891). An Etymological Dictionary of the German Language. George Bell & Sons.
- "Adel (German-to-English translation)". bab.la (Oxford University Press).
- "Adel (Dutch-to-English translation)". bab.la (Oxford University Press).
- "Adel (Danish-to-English translation)". bab.la (Oxford University Press).
- "Adel (Norwegian-to-English translation)". bab.la (Oxford University Press).
- "Adel (Swedish-to-English translation)". bab.la (Oxford University Press).
- "Adel (male-name statistics)". Nordic Names. Retrieved 15 September 2018.
- "Adel (female-name statistics)". Nordic Names. Retrieved 15 September 2018.
- "Adel (name statistics)". Names Encyclopedia. Retrieved 15 September 2018.
|Look up Adel in Wiktionary, the free dictionary.|
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