Adelaide, Eastern Cape

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Adelaide
Dutch Reformed Church in Adelaide
Dutch Reformed Church in Adelaide
Adelaide is located in Eastern Cape
Adelaide
Adelaide
Adelaide is located in South Africa
Adelaide
Adelaide
Adelaide is located in Africa
Adelaide
Adelaide
 Adelaide shown within Eastern Cape
Coordinates: 32°42′S 26°18′E / 32.700°S 26.300°E / -32.700; 26.300Coordinates: 32°42′S 26°18′E / 32.700°S 26.300°E / -32.700; 26.300
Country South Africa
Province Eastern Cape
District Amathole
Municipality Raymond Mhlaba
Established 1834
Area[1]
 • Total 40.0 km2 (15.4 sq mi)
Elevation 600 m (2,000 ft)
Population (2011)[1]
 • Total 12,191
 • Density 300/km2 (790/sq mi)
Racial makeup (2011)[1]
 • Black African 76.5%
 • Coloured 18.8%
 • Indian/Asian 0.5%
 • White 3.5%
 • Other 0.8%
First languages (2011)[1]
 • Xhosa 72.3%
 • Afrikaans 22.6%
 • English 3.0%
 • Other 2.1%
Postal code (street) 5760
PO box 5760
Area code 046

Adelaide is a rural town and area in the Eastern Cape Province of South Africa. Adelaide is situated near the Great Winterberg Mountain range.

History[edit]

Before European arrival[edit]

The modern day area of Adelaide was first inhabited by Bushmen (estimated around 1530 to 1760), but in the late 18th and 19th century the Xhosa and white settlers arrived. The Bushmen were displaced and are no longer found in the area.

Colonial Adelaide[edit]

Adelaide's origins date back to 1835 when a British officer named Captain Alexander Boswell Armstrong (1787–1862) established a military encampment which he named Fort Adelaide after the wife of King William IV. Despite the earlier English settlers, who were part of the 1820 Settlers, later on a large number of both Scottish and Afrikaans people soon immigrated here too. The Scottish were also the first to erect a church in the local area.

Modern day Adelaide[edit]

Adelaide is an important centre of wool and sheep farming. Beef, mutton, venison and citrus fruit are also important products. The specialised abbatoir for venison (farm-hunted game meat) operating from central town provides much needed employment to the local residents.

About 2,300 of the San-Bushmen's far-away descendents, the Westernised Coloureds, reside in the Bezuidenhoutville township 3  km from central town, and represent 19% of Adelaide's inhabitants. Lingelethu is the largest Black African township in Adelaide, with a census exceeding 6,000[1] and a population share of 77% of the municipal area.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e Sum of the Main Places Adelaide and Lingelethu from Census 2011.