|Full name||Adelaide Rugby League Football Club|
|Founded||13 December 1995 (first season: 1997)|
|CEO||Tim Pickup (1995–96)
Liz Dawson (1996–98)
Michael O'Connor (1999)
|Coach||Rod Reddy (1995–98)
Dean Lance (1998)
|Captain||Kerrod Walters (1997–98)|
|Competition||Super League and NRL|
|9th of 10
17th of 20
|Most capped||41 - Kerrod Walters|
|Highest points scorer||116 - Graham Appo|
The Adelaide Rams were an Australian professional rugby league football club based in Adelaide, South Australia. The team was formed in 1995 for the planned rebel Super League competition, which eventually ran parallel to the rival Australian Rugby League (ARL) competition in 1997. The Rams lasted two seasons, the first in the Super League competition in 1997 and the second in the first season of the National Rugby League (NRL) in 1998. The Rams were not a successful club, winning only 13 out of 42 games. However crowd numbers in the first season were the fifth highest of any first-grade club that year, but dwindled to sixteenth in the second season. The Adelaide club was shut down at the end of the 1998 season as a result of poor on-field performances, dwindling crowd numbers, financial losses and a reduction in the number of teams in the NRL. They remain the only team from the state of South Australia to have participated in top-level rugby league in Australia.
- 1 History
- 2 Colours, emblem and stadium
- 3 Records and statistics
- 3.1 Most games for club
- 3.2 Most points for club
- 3.3 Most tries for club
- 3.4 Most goals for club
- 3.5 Most points in a season
- 3.6 Most tries in a season
- 3.7 Most goals in a season
- 3.8 Most points in a match
- 3.9 Most tries in a match
- 3.10 Most goals in a match
- 3.11 Highest attendance (home)
- 3.12 Highest attendance (away)
- 3.13 Lowest attendance (home)
- 3.14 Lowest attendance (away)
- 4 Club records
- 5 Players
- 6 Footnotes
- 7 References
- 8 External links
The Australian rules football code, with origins as far back as 1843, had long dominated sport in the state. South Australia had two teams competing in the national Australian rules competition, the Australian Football League (AFL): the Adelaide Crows and Port Adelaide Power, the latter starting in the AFL in the same year as the Rams first season in Super League while the Crows won their first two AFL premierships in the same two years the Rams played. The new team from Port Adelaide, who already had a large fan base in the local South Australian National Football League (SANFL) competition, and the Crows successes in 1997–98 made it much harder for the Rams to compete for fan support. They were also competing against the popular Adelaide 36ers who played in the National Basketball League (NBL) which at the time ran a winter season. Adelaide, the capital of South Australia, was considered an Aussie rules stronghold, and in the SANFL had the oldest Aussie Rules Football league, and indeed the oldest league of any code, in Australia, as well as a viable Rugby Union competition which had been running since 1932. The South Australian Rugby League (SARL) also had a First Grade Premiership competition in place since 1976, while league been played competitively in Adelaide since the late 1940s.
The New South Wales Rugby League premiership (NSWRL) begun in 1908, as a rugby league competition mostly for clubs in the Sydney region of Australia (a team from Newcastle competed in 1908–09), a situation that lasted until 1982. The competition then expanded outside of NSW to Canberra, and to outside of Sydney with a team from Wollongong, and eventually in 1988 to Brisbane and the Gold Coast in Queensland, plus a new team from Newcastle. In 1992 the NSWRL decided to extend the competition further, by admitting four new teams for the 1995 competition, one from Western Australia, one from New Zealand and two from Queensland. The NSWRL also decided to test the viability of a rugby league team from the South Australian capital, and between 1991 and 1995 programmed five matches to be played in Adelaide at the famous Adelaide Oval. In 1991, the St. George Dragons (whose primary sponsor since the mid-late 1970's was Adelaide-based winery Penfolds) and Balmain Tigers match attracted 28,884 people, the largest attendance for any rugby league game in South Australia and the largest of the entire minor round of the 1991 NSWRL season (it was in fact the 5th highest attendance for the entire season, beating the attendance of two of the six Finals series games). Around 20,000 attended the two matches in 1992 and 1993, and around 10,000 in 1994 and 1995. Despite this evidence of popular appeal, the NSWRL, already in the process of setting up a 20-team competition, could not see their way to admitting a team from Adelaide and their preferred option outside of rugby league strongholds of NSW, Qld and New Zealand was to have a team from Melbourne and another in Perth (the Melbourne Storm would be formed in 1998). By the end of 1995, this was apparent as the ARL had already played two international Test matches involving the Australian Kangaroos in Melbourne, as well as three State of Origin games, with Game 2 of the 1994 State of Origin series attracting a then Australian record rugby league crowd of 87,161 to the Melbourne Cricket Ground.
In 1994, the media company News Limited began developing a rival competition to the long-established NSWRL premiership: the "Super League" premiership. In response to this move the Australian Rugby League (ARL), the governing body of rugby league in Australia, took over the NSWRL. After 8 of the 20 teams in the ARL competition signed with News Limited to play in the proposed Super League competition in 1996 the organization began looking for further teams to make the new competition viable. In June 1995 the South Australian Rugby League (SARL), which governs the game of rugby league in South Australia, officially signed with Super League, who subsequently gave it a licence to form a franchise which would allow the SARL to create a Super League team. Another leading factor in the SARL's decision to sign with SL was the promise of greater financial assistance than they were receiving from the ARL.
On 13 December 1995, the SARL officially launched the 'Adelaide Rams', the tenth and final team to join the Super League competition. In early March, the ARL were successful in gaining a federal court injunction, a legal ruling that prevented the Super League from beginning competition in 1996 and the Rams were put on hold causing Tim Pickup to stand down from his post in the ensuing months. In mid-1996, News Limited successfully appealed this ruling, which enabled the competition to proceed. Wallaby rugby union halfback George Gregan was approached to switch codes to be the starting halfback for the new team for "seriously more money than" he would earn playing rugby union, though he opted to remain in the 15-man code (Gregan would ultimately go on to win the 1999 Rugby World Cup with the Wallabies and would become Wallaby captain in 2001). The first, and only Super League season, was held in 1997, and the Rams team was part of it.
SARL appointed the former Auckland Warriors marketing manager Liz Dawson as Pickup's replacement as the Rams' chief executive – the first female chief executive of any rugby league club in either the ARL or the Super League. The club had appointed St. George Dragons international back rower Rod Reddy to be their inaugural coach, along with two-time NSWRL premiership-winning Hooker Kerrod Walters from the Brisbane Broncos to be the first captain of the team. Most of the junior players were drawn from the SARL's lower grade competitions in the region.
The club played its first premiership match against the North Queensland Cowboys and, after leading 16–4 at half time, eventually lost 24–16.
Their first home match, against the Hunter Mariners, was also the Rams' first win, and drew their record home attendance of 27,435 to the Adelaide Oval, one of only two home wins for the season. The Rams also won four away games with their first being in Round 4 against the Auckland Warriors at the Ericsson Stadium in Auckland, New Zealand, but their overall record of 6 wins, 11 losses and 1 draw placed them second last on the Super League premiership ladder, one win ahead of North Queensland.
The Rams first home game attendance of 27,435 was the 4th highest attendance of the entire 1997 season, behind only the Grand Final at the ANZ Stadium in Brisbane (58,912), the opening game of the season in Brisbane (42,361) and a Round 6 match at the Dairy Farmers Stadium in Townsville (30,122).
|1||North Queensland Cowboys||24–16||Adelaide Rams||1 March||Dairy Farmers Stadium||17,738|
|2||Brisbane Broncos||28–12||Adelaide Rams||9 March||ANZ Stadium||16,279|
|3||Adelaide Rams||10–8||Hunter Mariners||14 March||Adelaide Oval||27,435|
|4||Auckland Warriors||12–16||Adelaide Rams||21 March||Ericsson Stadium||13,000|
|5||Adelaide Rams||16–18||Perth Reds||27 March||Adelaide Oval||16,294|
|6||Canterbury Bulldogs||34–22||Adelaide Rams||6 April||Belmore Sports Ground||7,234|
|7||Adelaide Rams||10–20||Brisbane Broncos||13 April||Adelaide Oval||17,633|
|8||Cronulla Sharks||18–29||Adelaide Rams||19 April||Shark Park||10,112|
|9||Penrith Panthers||16–22||Adelaide Rams||27 April||Penrith Football Stadium||5,815|
|10||Adelaide Rams||14–14||North Queensland Cowboys||2 May||Adelaide Oval||15,970|
|11||Adelaide Rams||22–42||Canterbury Bulldogs||23 May||Adelaide Oval||15,022|
|12||Adelaide Rams||18–34||Canberra Raiders||1 June||Adelaide Oval||13,894|
|13||Perth Reds||4–28||Adelaide Rams||29 June||W.A.C.A||7,204|
|14||Hunter Mariners||10–2||Adelaide Rams||5 July||Topper Stadium||2,345|
|15||Adelaide Rams||8–18||Auckland Warriors||11 July||Adelaide Oval||13,278|
|16||Adelaide Rams||6–28||Cronulla Sharks||8 August||Adelaide Oval||7,231|
|17||Canberra Raiders||58–16||Adelaide Rams||17 August||Canberra Stadium||7,960|
|18||Adelaide Rams||36–16||Penrith Panthers||22 August||Adelaide Oval||11,211|
Goal kicking utility back Kurt Wrigley was the Rams top point scorer for the season with 81 points from 5 tries, 30 goals and 1 field goal. Wrigley and fullback Rod Maybon were the teams top try scorers with 5 each. Super League's top point scorer for the season was Penrith Panthers centre Ryan Girdler who scored 197 points from 11 tries, 76 goals and 1 field goal. The competitions top try scorer was Canterbury Bulldogs utility back Matthew Ryan who crossed for 17 tries.
Following the unification of the Super League and ARL competitions after the 1997 season, a new National Rugby League (NRL) competition was formed. This meant that three teams would be demised, as part of the rationalisation process aimed at reducing teams to an optimal number. With the introduction of the Melbourne Storm, and an agreement between Super League and the ARL to have a competition limited to 14 teams by 2000, the future for the Rams looked bleak. However, the Rams' home ground support, which averaged 15,330 fans each week, ensured that they remained in the unified 1998 competition.
World Club Championship
In addition to the Telstra Cup, the Adelaide Rams also competed in Super League's 1997 World Club Championship competition. The Rams were placed in Australasia Pool B along with the Hunter Mariners, North Queensland Cowboys and Perth Reds and would be matched up against teams from Europe Pool B including the Leeds Rhinos, Oldham Bears and Salford City Reds. The competition would see the Rams play three games at home and three in England.
The Rams won their three home games rather easily, but only managed to win one of their games in England leaving them in third place in their pool. As only one team from Australasia Pool B would go on to the Quarter finals, this meant that the Adelaide Rams did not advance past the group stage of the tournament.
|1||Adelaide Rams||50–16||Salford City Reds||8 June||Adelaide Oval||11,009|
|2||Adelaide Rams||34–8||Leeds Rhinos||13 June||Adelaide Oval||14,360|
|3||Adelaide Rams||42–14||Oldham Bears||20 June||Adelaide Oval||13,852|
|4||Leeds Rhinos||22–14||Adelaide Rams||18 July||Headingley||11,269|
|5||Oldham Bears||2–18||Adelaide Rams||25 July||Boundary Park||3,513|
|6||Salford City Reds||14–12||Adelaide Rams||6 April||The Willows||6,995|
The demise of three clubs from the Super League and ARL (Western Reds and Hunter Mariners (SL), and South Queensland Crushers (ARL)) saw some player re-shuffling, and brought Noel Goldthorpe, Tony Iro and Matt Daylight to the Adelaide club. However, after the Rams lost nine of their first ten games, coach Reddy and the entire coaching staff were sacked by the Rams' administration. Reddy was replaced by former Perth Reds coach Dean Lance and mid-season saw the arrival of Canberra Raiders utility back Graham Appo.
In June after numerous financial disagreements with the South Australian Cricket Association (SACA) who at the time owned the Adelaide Oval, the club changed home grounds to the smaller, 16,000 capacity Hindmarsh Stadium, a soccer specific venue which was better suited to a rugby league field than the Adelaide Oval was. The Rams celebrated the move with a record 52 – 0 win over the Balmain Tigers.
The club went on to win six of their last fourteen games after Lance's arrival, enough to avoid the wooden spoon awarded to the team finishing lowest on the competition ladder. Their overall results were comparable to those of their first season, coming fourth last in the 20–team competition. Appo broke several team records in his 14 games with the Rams.
Throughout the 1998 season, the Rams attempted to build a stronger supporter base in order to avoid removal from the competition in 1999 or 2000. However, with the teams lack of on-field success, plus the success of other Adelaide-based sports teams who won national championships in 1997 and/or 1998 including the Adelaide Crows (AFL), Adelaide 36ers (NBL) and Adelaide Thunderbirds (netball), saw average home attendances dropped by more than half (51.3%) from the previous years 15,330 to just 7,472 over the course of the season.
|1||Adelaide Rams||8–18||North Queensland Cowboys||13 March||Adelaide Oval||11,289|
|2||Manly Sea Eagles||22–6||Adelaide Rams||22 March||Brookvale Oval||6,434|
|3||Adelaide Rams||22–20||Canterbury Bulldogs||27 March||Adelaide Oval||8,390|
|4||Penrith Panthers||54–12||Adelaide Rams||5 April||Penrith Football Stadium||6,637|
|5||Adelaide Rams||8–16||Gold Coast Chargers||9 April||Adelaide Oval||7,058|
|6||Sydney City Roosters||50–12||Adelaide Rams||17 April||Sydney Football Stadium||6,200|
|7||Adelaide Rams||12–22||Cronulla Sharks||25 April||Adelaide Oval||8,472|
|8||Canterbury Bulldogs||30–4||Adelaide Rams||3 May||Belmore Sports Ground||5,041|
|9||Adelaide Rams||18–24||Canberra Raiders||8 May||Adelaide Oval||6,500|
|10||Parramatta Eels||18–2||Adelaide Rams||16 May||Pioneer Oval||7,514|
|11||Adelaide Rams||35–18||Penrith Panthers||23 May||Adelaide Oval||5,000|
|12||Western Suburbs Magpies||36–24||Adelaide Rams||31 May||Campbelltown Stadium||6,392|
|13||Adelaide Rams||22–20||St. George Dragons||6 June||Adelaide Oval||8,506|
|14||Melbourne Storm||24–4||Adelaide Rams||13 June||Olympic Park||8,293|
|15||Adelaide Rams||4–39||Illawarra Steelers||20 June||Bennett Oval||5,153|
|16||Gold Coast Chargers||12–40||Adelaide Rams||27 June||Carrara Stadium||3,897|
|17||Adelaide Rams||52–0||Balmain Tigers||3 July||Hindmarsh Stadium||7,351|
|18||South Sydney Rabbitohs||18–34||Adelaide Rams||12 July||Sydney Football Stadium||4,060|
|19||North Queensland Cowboys||14–10||Adelaide Rams||18 July||Dairy Farmers Stadium||11,340|
|20||Adelaide Rams||22–20||Auckland Warriors||26 July||Hindmarsh Stadium||7,445|
|21||Brisbane Broncos||46–12||Adelaide Rams||1 August||ANZ Stadium||13,858|
|22||Adelaide Rams||10–32||Manly Sea Eagles||7 August||Hindmarsh Stadium||7,459|
|23||Adelaide Rams||0–36||North Sydney Bears||15 August||Hindmarsh Stadium||7,035|
|24||Newcastle Knights||34–20||Adelaide Rams||22 August||Marathon Stadium||17,281|
The NRL had planned to continue a 20–team competition in 1999, with a reduction to 14 teams in 2000. The Rams' management, led by newly named CEO, former dual rugby international and Manly-Warringah 1987 premiership player Michael O'Connor, had their minds set on a place in the reduced competition, and went on a buying spree, obtaining rights for players that they hoped would be productive enough for the team to survive the cut in 2000. However, after the merger between rugby league clubs St. George Dragons and Illawarra Steelers, News Limited told the Rams they would no longer receive funding. The club was wound up just days after it had held its 1999 season launch. With little chance of securing a contract with another club just weeks before the start of the 1999 NRL season, the players were then placed in other News Ltd. owned or financed teams including Brisbane, Canberra and Melbourne.
The cost of building and sustaining an uncompetitive rugby league team in an area dominated by another football sport had resulted in News Limited incurring heavy financial losses with the Rams. Subsequent attempts to merge with a Sydney club (rumoured to be the ARL loyal South Sydney Rabbitohs) failed, however the Canberra Raiders offered to merge with the club and effectively took over the club on 1 December 1998.
While the Adelaide Rams cease to no longer exist in their own right, numbers in junior rugby league in Adelaide have risen, and the SARL has begun again to promote the idea of a team based in Adelaide. Due to its efforts, NRL teams have been brought to the city to revive interest; in 2006 the Penrith Panthers scheduled a home game at Adelaide's Hindmarsh Stadium while their home ground was under renovation. The NRL helped with the promotion of the match, although the SARL were disappointed with the small crowd of 7,017. In 2008, Sydney based club the Cronulla Sharks announced they would play three matches over the next three years at Adelaide, with coach Ricky Stuart saying he wanted Adelaide to become the Sharks' second home. SARL general manager Bruce Walker has suggested that the NRL itself should take more responsibility for scheduling games in Adelaide. The 2009 match against North Queensland Cowboys attracted 8,547 people. However, at the end of the 2008 NRL season, the leagues Centenary year, the Sharks decided to concentrate on their home fans and were allowed out of their contract to play in Adelaide after just one game.
In 2010, the Canterbury-Bankstown Bulldogs took their home match against the Melbourne Storm to Adelaide in which Canterbury-Bankstown Bulldogs defeating the Melbourne Storm 20–18 where the game attracted 10,350 people at Adelaide Oval.
In 2008, several NRL club bosses expressed the view that the NRL should be a "national" competition, since it now had teams from all around Australia rather than just on the eastern seaboard, arguing that such a move would increase the competition's revenue. Peter Parr, the CEO of the North Queensland Cowboys and former assistant coach for the Rams in 1998, said that if the NRL had stuck with the Adelaide Rams, then rugby league in Adelaide might have flourished, making comparisons with the Melbourne Storm, a team performing successfully on and off the field in the AFL's heartland.
Early in the 2013 NRL season, the NRL's official free-to-air broadcast partner the Nine Network, began to show their Friday night and Sunday afternoon games live around Australia, including Adelaide, on their digital channel GEM.
Colours, emblem and stadium
The emblem of the team was a ram (a male sheep). The ram was chosen, according to Super League chief executive John Ribot, because it was "readily identifiable with strength and hardness". This name was considered a better alternative to the first choice, the Adelaide Aces (through a proposed sponsorship link with the Adelaide Casino), which Ribot believed was too soft a name and did not work well as a brand for a Super League team. The main colours of the Adelaide Rams were red and blue, although there was yellow in their emblem to reflect South Australia's traditional sporting colours. Their jerseys remained red and blue until the last game they played in 1998, when they used a mainly yellow jersey to avoid a colour clash with the similar jerseys of the Newcastle Knights (who were the home team).
The Rams' initial home ground was Adelaide Oval, a round park that had been used for cricket and Australian Rules Football for over a century. For their first season they had average home attendances of 15,330, the fourth highest of the Super League teams and fifth highest of all 22 teams in both competitions. In 1998, however, the Rams' home attendances diminished, dropping to an average of about 7,500, the fourth lowest of any team in the 20–team competition.
During 1998, the South Australian Cricket Association had ongoing problems with the SARL and the Rams' use of their stadium, Adelaide Oval. The Rams then moved to Hindmarsh Stadium, a rectangular stadium more suited to rugby league and owned by the South Australian Soccer Association. They celebrated with a 52–0 defeat over Balmain in their first match at the stadium. However, attendances did not improve after the move, falling below 7,500.
The Rams highest attendance at Adelaide Oval was 27,435 set in their inaugural home game against the Hunter Mariners. Their record attendance at Hindmarsh was 7,459 for their loss to 1997 ARL Grand Finalists, the Manly-Warringah Sea Eagles. In 1998, the Rams played their Round 15 home game against the Illawarra Steelers at the Bennett Oval in Whyalla, in part due to Whyalla's main employer being BHP who were also the Steelers major sponsor. The Steelers won the game 39–4 in front of 5,153 fans.
Records and statistics
Most games for club
- 41, Kerrod Walters (1997–1998)
Most points for club
- 116 (12 tries, 34 goals), Graham Appo (1998)
Most tries for club
- 12, Graham Appo (1998)
Most goals for club
- 45 (45/69 – 65.22%), Luke Williamson (1997–1998)
Most points in a season
- 116 (12 tries, 34 goals), Graham Appo in 1998
Most tries in a season
- 12, Graham Appo in 1998
Most goals in a season
- 34 (34/52 – 65.38%), Graham Appo in 1998
Most points in a match
- 24 (3 tries, 6 goals), Graham Appo vs Gold Coast Chargers on 27 June 1998 @ Carrara Stadium
- 24 (2 tries, 8 goals), Graham Appo vs Balmain Tigers on 3 July 1998 @ Hindmarsh Stadium
Most tries in a match
- 3, Graham Appo against Gold Coast Chargers on 27 June 1998
Most goals in a match
- 8 (8/9 – 88.9%), Graham Appo vs Balmain Tigers on 3 July 1998
Highest attendance (home)
Highest attendance (away)
Lowest attendance (home)
- Adelaide Oval: 6,500 vs Canberra Raiders on 8 May 1998
- Hindmarsh Stadium: 7,035 vs North Sydney Bears on 15 August 1998
Lowest attendance (away)
|Effective 3 April 2014|
|Biggest Win||52–0 vs Balmain Tigers (1998)|
|Biggest Loss||16–58 vs Canberra Raiders (1997)|
|12–54 vs Penrith Panthers (1998)|
|Consecutive Wins||3 – (1998)|
|Consecutive Losses||7 – (1998)|
|Clubs (Most Wins Against)||Auckland Warriors – 3|
|Clubs (Most Losses To)||Cronulla Sharks – 3|
|Adelaide Oval Record||Played 16 – (W) 5 / (L) 10 / (D) 1|
|Hindmarsh Stadium Record||Played 4 – (W) 2 / (L) 2 / (D) 0|
|First Representative Player||Kevin Campion – Queensland, Super League Tri-series|
|First International Representative||Tony Iro – New Zealand vs Australia, 1998 Anzac Test|
|52||52–0||Balmain Tigers||Hindmarsh Stadium||3 July 1998|
|28||40–12||Gold Coast Chargers||Carrara Stadium||27 June 1998|
|24||28–4||Western Reds||WACA||29 June 1997|
|42||16–58||Canberra Raiders||Bruce Stadium||17 August 1997|
|42||12–54||Penrith Panthers||Penrith Football Stadium||5 April 1998|
|38||12–50||Sydney City Roosters||Sydney Football Stadium||17 April 1998|
Team performance summary
The Rams did not win any premierships, minor premierships or wooden spoons in their two seasons. Their biggest win was 52–0 over the Balmain Tigers in 1998 and their biggest losing margin was 42 points, which occurred twice: against the Canberra Raiders in 1997 and the Penrith Panthers in 1998. The Rams had a 32.14% win percentage for all of their premiership games, which made them statistically the sixth worst team in first grade rugby league in Australia, out of 33 teams.
Of the Rams 13 wins, 7 of them were at home while 5 were away. The Rams final win came in Round 20 of the 1998 NRL season when they defeated the Auckland Warriors 22–20 at Hindmarsh Stadium in front of 7,445 fans. The clubs final ever home game in Round 23 of 1998 saw them go down 36–0 to the North Sydney Bears in front of 7,035 fans, the lowest recorded attendance at Hindmarsh.
- "History of the SANFL". SANFL. Retrieved 8 November 2011.
- SARL History Archived 9 September 2016 at the Wayback Machine.
- "Rugby League Tables / Attendances Adelaide". Retrieved 2009-04-03.
- Whiticker, Alan; Collis, Ian (2004). The History of Rugby League Clubs. New Holland Publishers (Australia) Pty Ltd. ISBN 1-74110-075-5.
- "State of Origin: Record MCG crowd expected for Game II clash between Queensland and NSW". ABC News. AAP. 15 June 2015. Retrieved 19 August 2016.
- Gregan, George (2008). Halfback, Half Forward. Australia: Pan Macmillan. p. 65. ISBN 978-1-4050-3861-4. Retrieved 12 March 2011.
- "Rugby League Tables / All Games / Adelaide". Retrieved 2009-04-20.[dead link]
- "Rugby League Tables / Attendances / Adelaide". Retrieved 2008-04-15.
- Fagan, Sean. "Rugby League History – RL1908.com – Adelaide Rams". RL1908. Archived from the original on 10 April 2008. Retrieved 2008-04-15.
- 1997 World Club Championship at Rugby League Project
- AP (1998-07-05). "Newcastle stay top despite tie". sportsillustrated.cnn.com. Australia: CNN/SI. Retrieved 2009-10-25.
- 1998 Adelaide vs North Sydney at Rugby League Project
- AAP Sports News (1998-12-02). "Rams deserved better says Rann". Australia. Retrieved 2009-10-05.
- Read, Brent (8 February 2007). "Tigers spread word in Adelaide". The Australian. Retrieved 2009-04-19.
- "Panthers travel to City of Churches, praying to keep run going". The Sydney Morning Herald. 15 April 2009. Retrieved 2009-04-19.
- "NRL should stick with SA, says Kidwell". The Age. 16 April 2006. Retrieved 2009-04-19.
- Wills, Daniel (2 October 2008). "Sharks to play in Adelaide". Herald Sun. Retrieved 2009-04-18.
- Brettig, Daniel (14 April 2009). "North Queensland finally click into gear to defeat Cronulla 34–10 in Adelaide". FoxSports. Retrieved 2009-04-14.
- 2010 NRL season - Canterbury vs Melbourne Archived 29 October 2016 at the Wayback Machine.
- Read, Brett (21 June 2008). "Keep Adelaide, Perth on radar". The Australian. Retrieved 2009-04-19.
- 1997 ARL Attendances Archived 1 April 2016 at the Wayback Machine. and 1997 SL Attendances Archived 1 April 2016 at the Wayback Machine.. Retrieved 2008-04-27.
- 1998 NRL season - Adelaide vs Canberra Archived 29 October 2016 at the Wayback Machine.
- 1997 SL season - Hunter vs Adelaide Archived 3 June 2016 at the Wayback Machine.
- "Rugby League Tables / Win – Loss Records / All Teams". Retrieved 2008-04-29.
- Collis, Ian; Whiticker, Alan (2004). The History of Rugby League Clubs. New Holland. ISBN 1-74110-075-5.
- Mike Colman, Super League : The Inside story. Pan Macmillan Publishing 1996
- Adelaide Rams at the RL1908 website.