Adelbert Brownlow-Cust, 3rd Earl Brownlow
The Earl Brownlow
Memorial in St Peter and St Paul's Church, Belton
March 1887 – 1889
|Prime Minister||The Marquess of Salisbury|
|Preceded by||The Earl Beauchamp|
|Succeeded by||The Earl of Jersey|
|Under-Secretary of State for War|
1 January 1890 – 11 August 1892
|Prime Minister||The Marquess of Salisbury|
|Preceded by||The Lord Harris|
|Succeeded by||The Lord Sandhurst|
|Born||19 August 1844|
Lowndes Street, London
|Died||17 March 1921 (aged 76)|
|Spouse(s)||Lady Adelaide Chetwynd-Talbot (1844–1917)|
Background and education
Brownlow was the second son of John Egerton, Viscount Alford, eldest son and heir apparent of John Cust, 1st Earl Brownlow. His mother was Lady Marianne Margaret, daughter of Spencer Compton, 2nd Marquess of Northampton, generally known as Lady Marian Alford. His father had preceased his own father in 1851 when Adelbert was only seven years old and thus the earldom and estates had passed to Adelbert's elder brother. Adelbert was educated at Eton.
In 1866 Brownlow was elected to the House of Commons for North Shropshire. However, he was forced to resign his seat already the following year when he succeeded in the earldom of Brownlow (and viscountcy of Alford) on the death of his older brother, and entered the House of Lords. He held office under Lord Salisbury as Parliamentary Secretary to the Local Government Board from 1885 to 1886, as Paymaster-General from 1887 to 1889 and as Under-Secretary of State for War from 1889 to 1892 and was admitted to the Privy Council in 1887.
Apart from his political career he was also Lord Lieutenant of Lincolnshire from 1867 to 1921, a Deputy Lieutenant for Hertfordshire and a Justice of the Peace for Shropshire, Hertfordshire, Lincolnshire and Buckinghamshire.
Brownlow served with the Grenadier Guards as lieutenant from 1863 to 1866, and was later commanding officer of the Bedfordshire Volunteer Infantry Brigade between 1889 and 1892, and Home Counties Brigade in 1895. He was Honorary Colonel of the 4th Battalion of the Lincolnshire Regiment from 1868 to 1908, of the 2nd Volunteer Battalion of the Bedfordshire Regiment from 1883 to 1901, and of the Lincolnshire Yeomanry and 4th Volunteer Battalion of the Hertfordshire Regiment from 1901. He was awarded the Volunteer Decoration.
Brownlow was a Volunteer Aide-de-Camp to Queen Victoria, Edward VII and George V. He was appointed a Knight Grand Cross of the Royal Victorian Order (GCVO) in the 1921 New Year Honours for his services to the Royal Household.
Lord Brownlow married Lady Adelaide Chetwynd-Talbot, daughter of Henry Chetwynd-Talbot, 18th Earl of Shrewsbury, in 1868. They had no children. She died in March 1917, aged 73. Lord Brownlow survived her by four years and died in March 1921, aged 75. On his death the Earldom of Brownlow and Viscountcy of Alford became extinct while he was succeeded in his Barony and Baronetcy by his second cousin, Adelbert Cust.
Styles of address
- 1844-1866: The Honourable Adelbert Brownlow-Cust
- 1866-1867: The Honourable Adelbert Brownlow-Cust MP
- 1867-1887: The Right Honourable The Earl Brownlow[a]
- 1887-1921: The Right Honourable The Earl Brownlow PC
- 1921: The Right Honourable The Earl Brownlow GCVO PC
- Although The Earl Brownlow was a baronet, by custom the post-nominal of "Bt" is omitted, as Peers of the Realm do not list subsidiary hereditary titles.
- "Adelbert Wellington Brownlow Cust, 3rd Earl Brownlow". The Peerage. Retrieved 13 October 2016.
- "House of Commons Constituencies: Shankill to Southampton". Leigh Rayment. Archived from the original on 8 October 2018. Retrieved 12 October 2016.
- "No. 25721". The London Gazette. 15 July 1887. p. 3827.
- Kelly's Handbook of the Titled, Landed and Official Classes, 1920. Kelly's. p. 270.
- "Death of Earl Brownlow - Former M.P. for North Shropshire". Shrewsbury Chronicle. 25 March 1921. p. 8.
- Mate, Charles H. (editor) (1907). Shropshire, Historical, Descriptive, Biographical - Volume II, Biographical. Mate. p. 9.CS1 maint: Extra text: authors list (link)
- "No. 32178". The London Gazette (Supplement). 1 January 1921. p. 8.
- Hansard 1803–2005: contributions in Parliament by Adelbert Brownlow-Cust
|Parliament of the United Kingdom|
Hon. Charles Cust
| Member of Parliament for North Shropshire
With: John Ormsby-Gore
George W. E. Russell
| Parliamentary Secretary to the
Local Government Board
The Earl Beauchamp
The Earl of Jersey
The Lord Harris
| Under-Secretary of State for War
The Lord Sandhurst
The Lord Aveland
| Lord Lieutenant of Lincolnshire
The Earl of Yarborough
|Peerage of the United Kingdom|
| Earl Brownlow
|Peerage of Great Britain|
| Baron Brownlow