Adelbert Rinaldo Buffington

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Adelbert Rinaldo Buffington
Adelbert R Buffington.jpg
Adelbert R. Buffington

(1837-11-22)November 22, 1837
Wheeling, West Virginia

He was son of Eliza (Sockman) Buffington and Parkinson J Buffington, (a tailor)
Died July 11, 1922(1922-07-11) (aged 84)
Place of Burial Arlington National Cemetery
Allegiance United States United States of America
Service/branch United States United States Army
Union Army
Years of service 1861–1901
Rank Union Army brigadier general rank insignia.svg Brigadier General
Commands held Chief of Ordnance
Battles/wars American Civil War

Adelbert Rinaldo Buffington (November 22, 1837 – July 11, 1922) was an American soldier.


Adelbert Buffington was born in Wheeling, West Virginia, and graduated from West Point in May 1861 (the same class as Adelbert Ames). He was brevetted major in 1865, and was commander successively of the United States ordnance depot at Wheeling, West Va., and of the arsenals in New York, Baton Rouge, Watertown, Massachusetts, Watervliet, Indianapolis, Pittsburgh, Springfield, Massachusetts, and Rock Island. In the 1893 he was co-inventor, with William Crozier, of the Buffington-Crozier disappearing carriage for coast defense guns, which became the most-used type of carriage for US coast defense guns emplaced 1895-1917. In 1899 he was appointed Chief of Ordnance and was raised to the rank of Brigadier General. In 1901 he was retired. He also invented a magazine firearm, a "rod bayonet," and a rear sight for military firearms. He introduced many other improvements in firearms.

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Wikisource-logo.svg This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainGilman, D. C.; Thurston, H. T.; Colby, F. M., eds. (1905). "article name needed". New International Encyclopedia (1st ed.). New York: Dodd, Mead. 

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