|Comune di Adelfia|
|Metropolitan city||Bari (BA)|
|• Mayor||Giuseppe Cosola|
|• Total||33.81 km2 (13.05 sq mi)|
|Elevation||154 m (505 ft)|
(15 January 2018)
|• Density||570/km2 (1,500/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+1 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+2 (CEST)|
|Patron saint||St. Tryphon|
|Saint day||10 November|
Adelfia (meaning brothers, in Greek; Barese: Adélfie) is a town and comune in the Metropolitan City of Bari, Apulia, southern Italy. The town is a combination of two smaller towns, being Montrone and Canneto.
The urban center is constituted by two former villages (Canneto and Montrone) that were separated for a long time. Canneto was founded by the Normans of Robert Guiscard between 1080 and 1090, on the place of an ancient center (probably to be identified with Celiae), documented from ceramics and more recent graves from the 4th century. Montrone was founded in 980 by Greek refugees. Both had been subdued to varied feudal lords until 1806 when feudalism was abolished in the Kingdom of Two Sicilies. The two centers were united in 1927 under the artificial name of Adelfia, from the Greek term adelphòs, meaning brotherhood.
Between the 19th and the 20th century, they suffered a considerable emigration towards the United States. The city life is today mainly connected to that of the nearby Bari.
Adelfia has a strong Christian Catholic tradition, therefore the Adelfiesi (citizens of Adelfia) still celebrate in different moments of the year the two Saint Patrons: San Trifone (in Montrone area) and San Vittoriano (in Canneto area). The local fair, the Mass, and fireworks competition typical of these festivities bring together the citizens with thousands of pilgrims coming from all over the world. The celebrations happen respectively in November and July each year.
- "Superficie di Comuni Province e Regioni italiane al 9 ottobre 2011". Istat. Retrieved 16 March 2019.
- "Popolazione Residente al 1° Gennaio 2018". Istat. Retrieved 16 March 2019.
- Population data from ISTAT