As a junior, Cornelissen won three national Dutch titles; twice with Ayesha and once with Mr. Pride. In 2004 she won her first senior title at national level when she won the Z2-class with Parzival. In that same year she became national champion in the Reserve Championships in the ZZ-light-class with, followed by the same title in the ZZ-heavy-class title in 2005, both times on Parzival. In 2007, she and Parzival won the Dutch national championship in the heavy-class and she won two silver medals, at International Grand Prix meetings in Falsterbo and Herentals. In Falsterbo she finished second in the Grand Prix Spécial, while in she won the GPS in Herentals. During the Grand Prix in Rotterdam she and her teammates won the gold medal in the Nations competition, she came third in the Grand Prix Spécial. She won another GPS bronze medal in Arnhem.
In 2008, she became the champion in the Reserve Championships again, this time in the ZZ-heavy-class. She also became national champion at the Dutch Championships that year. Cornelissen and Parzival went on to win the International Grand Prix of Indoor Brabant, while they became second in the Grand Prix Spécial. At the Grand Prix meeting in Aachen, they became second in both the Grand Prix as well as the GPS.
At the 2009 European Dressage Championship she won with Parzival team and individual (Grand Prix Spécial) gold and in the Grand Prix Freestyle she won the silver medal. At the 2010 FEI World Equestrian Games Cornelissen was eliminated in the Grand Prix due to blood being visible in Parzival's mouth as a result of Parzival having bitten his tongue.
In 2011 Adelinde Cornelissen won the Dressage World Cup Final in Leipzig with Parzival. At the 2011 European Dressage Championship in Rotterdam she won both individual gold medals Parzival, the Dutch team won the bronze medal. In 2012 she won the bronze medal in the team event at the Olympic Games and the silver medal in the individual dressage on Parzival. The day after Adelinde won the individual silver medal and upon being questioned by the BBC Breakfast presenter Bill Turnbull why Adelinde Cornelissen hadn't won the gold the president of the dressage ground jury, Stephen Clarke, stated that her horse had had a case of crossing jaws.
At the 2013 European Dressage Championships she won team silver and two bronze medals in individual events.