Adeline Marie Masquelier (born 1960) is a Professor of Anthropology at Tulane University in New Orleans, Louisiana. She received her Ph.D. from the University of Chicago in 1993 studying under the prominent Africanist and Anthropologist Jean Comaroff, and has done her field work among the people of rural Niger in the Hausa town of Dogondoutchi. Her research focuses have included spirit possession, reformist Islam, Bori religious practices, twinship, witchcraft, the pathology of consumption, medical anthropology, and gender. Currently she is researching the Izala Islamic reformist movement in Niger, examining issues including bridewealth, worship, and dress.
- Prayer Has Spoiled Everything: Possession, Power, and Identity in an Islamic Town in Niger ISBN 0-8223-2639-6 (2001)
- Behind the Dispensary's Prosperous Facade: Imagining the State in Rural Niger, Public Culture Vol.13, No.2 Public Culture 13.2 (2001) 267-291
- Dirt, Undress, and Difference: Critical Perspectives on the Body's Surface ISBN 0-253-34628-2 (2005)
- The Scorpion's Sting: Youth, Marriage and the Struggle for Social Maturity in Niger, Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute, Vol.11, No.1 (March 2005).
- When Spirits Start Veiling: The Case of the Veiled She-Devil in a Muslim Town of Niger, Africa Today, Vol.54, No.3 (Spring 2008).