Adenomus kandianus

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Kandyan dwarf toad
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Amphibia
Order: Anura
Family: Bufonidae
Genus: Adenomus
Species: A. kandianus
Binomial name
Adenomus kandianus
(Günther, 1872)

Bufo kandianus Günther, 1872
Adenomus dasi Manamendra-Arachchi and Pethiyagoda, 1998

Adenomus kandianus (Kandyan dwarf toad) is a species of toad in the family Bufonidae endemic to Sri Lanka.[2][3]


As there had been no record of the species since 1872, it was listed as extinct by the IUCN. However, in June 2012 it was announced that almost three years earlier, in October 2009, the species was rediscovered in the Peak Wilderness Sanctuary in Sri Lanka.[4][5] In light of the discovery, the species was reclassifed as critically endangered in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species.[1]


  1. ^ a b IUCN SSC Amphibian Specialist Group (2012). "Adenomus kandianus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 18 January 2014. 
  2. ^ Frost, Darrel R. (2016). "Adenomus kandianus (Günther, 1872)". Amphibian Species of the World: an Online Reference. Version 6.0. American Museum of Natural History. Retrieved 20 April 2016. 
  3. ^ Meegaskumbura, Madhava; Senevirathne, Gayani; Wijayathilaka, Nayana; Jayawardena, Beneeta; Bandara, Champika; Manamendra-Arachchi, Kelum; Pethiyagoda, Rohan (2015). "The Sri Lankan torrent toads (Bufonidae: Adenominae: Adenomus): species boundaries assessed using multiple criteria". Zootaxa. 3911 (2): 245–261. doi:10.11646/zootaxa.3911.2.6. 
  4. ^ L. J. Mendis Wickramasinghe; Dulan Ranga Vidanapathirana & Nethu Wickramasinghe (2012). "Back from the dead: The world’s rarest toad Adenomus kandianus rediscovered in Sri Lanka" (PDF). Zootaxa. 3347: 63–68. 
  5. ^ Jeremy Hance (June 18, 2012). "Extinct toad rediscovered after hiding for 133 years in Sri Lanka". Retrieved 18 January 2014. 

Further reading[edit]