Júlio Francisco António Adeodato Barreto (3 December 1905 – 6 August 1937), better known as Adeodato Barreto, was a Luso-Goan poet and writer. His works include important archetypes and paradigms from Hindu culture. In his poems there are notions of eternal return and transmigration, which are considered anchors of Indian philosophy.
His father, Vicente Mariano Barreto, was a man of considerable erudition and a pedagogical sense that bore fruit with his child. Having completed his secondary education in Panjim, Adeodato Barreto departed en route to Portugal at the age of seventeen years and enrolled in Coimbra, in the law school in 1923 and, the following year, in the Faculty of Arts, for a course in History and Philosophy. In this city he was elected chairman of the Centro Republicano-Académico in October 1929. He graduated in law in 1928 and in the Historical and Philosophical Sciences in 1929, respectively, in the Faculty of Law and the Faculty of Arts, University of Coimbra.
In teaching and law
He taught in Figueira da Foz and Coimbra. He was later a law clerk in Montemor-o-Novo and notary in Aljustrel. He collaborated assiduously with the periodicals O Diabo and Seara Nova. He founded Índia Nova (1928-1929) that published six issues, and Círculo (1934), which had in all seven numbers.
He was the father of Kalidás Barreto, the politician and trade unionist in Portugal.
He was a close friend of Flausino Torres, with whom he also studied.
Ventures in the media
His dream, even while still a university finalist, was to create a newspaper. Thus was born the Índia Nova, in Coimbra, where he was a director along with José Teles and Teles de Mascarenhas. Next was the founding of the Instituto Indiano at the Faculdade de Letras de Coimbra. This had the support of Mendes dos Remédios, Providência da Costa, e Joaquim de Carvalho who promptly helped to organise it, and correspond with renowned Orientalists such as Rabindranath Tagore and Silvain Lévi. The Institute's activities were crowned with some success. It resulted in conferences, newspaper articles as well as the publication of Edições Swatwa. However, Adeodato Barreto devoted himself to the translation of the work of Romain Rolland on the life of Mahatma Gandhi. When it was completed and announced to its famous writer and Nobel Prize in Literature winner, its original author answered him immediately in an appreciative letter and declined to retain any copyright. The translation of the work on Mahatma Gandhi was however no published due to several editorial difficulties then.
On finishing his university studies, he was absorbed in the 4th Stage of Professional Group of High Schools. He intended to take to teaching, but soon his restless spirit lead him to opt for the legal profession. In fact, he was appointed associate professor of the Liceu de Évora in 1932 but soon accepted the position of Law Clerk in Montemor-o-Novo. Months later, he was appointed notary in Aljustrel and remained there four years. In this part of the Alentejo, Adeodato Barreto founded and directed a new periodical O Círculo, collaborated assiduously with the periodicals O Diabo and Seara Nova. Civilização Hindu was born of a series of articles previously published in the Seara Nova. Later he wrote O Livro da Vida (The Book of Life), a collection of poems published posthumously in 1940 in Goa.
In Coimbra, Adeodato Barreto studied Esperanto, the international language, of which he was an enthusiast and advocate. In Aljustrel he contributed to the emergence of a "burgeoning Esperanto movement", in the words of Francisco Rasquinho.
His aim to intervene among the most unprotected sections lead him to create a weekly to provide support services to the poor and to administer free evening literacy classes to the mine workers. His activities for the disadvantaged did not go unnoticed to the PIDE, which gave it a subversive connotation. So the writer got watched and, later, when running for the post of notary in Goa was passed over due to political information.
Tuberculosis claimed him at the age of just 32, on 6 August 1932, at the Sanatório dos Olivais in Coimbra.
- Civilização Hindu, 1935
- Fragmentos - Testamento Moral de Vicente Mariano Barreto, 1936
- O Livro da Vida. (Cânticos Indianos), 1940 (posthumous)
- Machado, E. V. (2005). "India mítica em português: Adeodato Barreto e o ‘Eterno Retorno’". Maria Inês Figueira et Oscar de Noronha "Readings in Indo-Portuguese Literature", Pangim, Fundação Oriente/Third Millennium, 2007, pp. 161-170. Fabula.org.
- Oliveira, M. A. Ed (1991). Barreto, Júlio Francisco Adeodato in O Grande Livro dos Portugueses, Lisboa, Círculo dos Leitores, ISBN 978-9724201436
- Santos, E. R.(2000). Alguns Dados Biográficos por Elsa Rodrigues dos Santos in Barreto, A., Civilização Hindu (seguido de O Livro da Vida), Lisboa, Hugin, ISBN 9727940072
- Documents on Adeodato Barreto, Universidade de Coimbra PDF (Portuguese)
- Adeodato Barreto on Ciberdúvidas (Portuguese)
- Text by Goan Lúcio Miranda about Adeodato Barreto (Portuguese)
- O Génesis da Mulher an example of the poet's juvenilia (Portuguese)