Adhemar de Barros

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Adhemar de Barros
Ademar de Barros.png
16th and 20th Governor of São Paulo
In office
31 January 1963 – 6 June 1966
Vice GovernorLaudo Natel
Preceded byCarvalho Pinto
Succeeded byLaudo Natel
In office
14 March 1947 – 31 January 1951
Vice GovernorLuiz Gonzaga Novelli
Preceded byCarvalho Pinto
Succeeded byLaudo Natel
26th Mayor of São Paulo
In office
8 April 1957 – 8 April 1961
Preceded byVladimir de Toledo Piza
Succeeded byFrancisco Prestes Maia
Federal Intervenor in São Paulo
In office
27 April 1938 – 4 June 1941
Appointed byGetúlio Vargas
Preceded byFrancisco José da Silva
Succeeded byFernando de Sousa Costa
Personal details
Born(1901-04-22)22 April 1901
Piracicaba, Brazil
Died12 March 1969(1969-03-12) (aged 67)
Paris, France
Political partySocial Progressive Party (PSP)

Adhemar Pereira de Barros (22 April 1901 – 12 March 1969) was the mayor of São Paulo (1957–1961), and twice elected Governor of São Paulo (1947–1951 & 1963–1966).

Barros was born in Piracicaba, Brazil. He was the federal interventor in the state of São Paulo nominated by Brazilian dictator Getúlio Vargas, serving between 1938 and 1941. Following the re-democratization, he was elected Governor of São Paulo with a large margin in the 1947 elections, relying on a large coalition which included working-class support. Known to be a populist, he built a strong electoral machine, the Social Progressive Party (PSP), which dominated state politics until 1964. He was accused of being corrupt, but he was responsible for advances in social legislation and infrastructure: his candid supporters said "rouba mas faz" (he steals but he gets things done).[1] He did not run for re-election in 1950, and was defeated by Jânio Quadros in 1954, before winning in 1962.

After having lent support to Getúlio Vargas in 1950, he ran for President in his own right in 1955 and 1960. In the latter election he was placed third behind the eventual winner, Jânio Quadros who defeated him in the 1954 gubernatorial election by less than 1%. In 1964 he supported the president João Goulart's downfall, but in 1966 he fell from the military's favor. He died, aged 67, in Paris, France.


  1. ^ Skidmore, TE: Politics in Brazil: 1930-1964, page 68. Oxford University Press, 2007.

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