FIFA World Cup awards
At the end of each FIFA World Cup final tournament, several awards are attributed to the players and teams which have distinguished from the rest, in different aspects of the game.
There are currently five post-tournament awards, and one given during the tourney:
- the Golden Ball (currently commercially termed "adidas Golden Ball") for best player, first awarded in 1982;
- the Golden Boot (currently commercially termed "adidas Golden Boot", previously known as the "adidas Golden Shoe" from 1982 to 2006) for top goal scorer, first awarded in 1982;
- the Golden Glove Award (currently commercially termed "adidas Golden Glove"; previously known as the "Lev Yashin Award" from 1994 to 2006) for best goalkeeper, first awarded in 1994;
- the Best Young Player (currently commercially termed as "Hyundai Best Young Player") award for best player under 21 years of age at the start of the calendar year, first awarded in 2006;
- the FIFA Fair Play Trophy for the team that advanced to the second round with the best record of fair play, first awarded in 1970;
- the Man of the Match Award (currently commercially termed as "Budweiser Man of the Match") for outstanding performance during each game of the tournament, first awarded in 2002.
Two other awards were given between 1994 and 2006.
- The Most Entertaining Team award for the team that has entertained the public the most, during the World Cup final tournament, as determined by a poll of the general public.
- An All-Star Team comprising the best players of the tournament chosen by the technical study group.
The Golden Ball award is presented to the best player at each FIFA World Cup finals, with a shortlist drawn up by the FIFA technical committee and the winner voted for by representatives of the media. Those who finish as runners-up in the vote receive the Silver Ball and Bronze Ball awards as the second and third most outstanding players in the tournament respectively. The current award was introduced in the 1982 FIFA World Cup, sponsored by Adidas and France Football, though fifa.com also lists in their player articles as "golden ball winners" Kempes, Cruyff, Pelé, Bobby Charlton, Garrincha and Didi for 1978, 1974, 1970, 1966, 1962 and 1958 respectively. FC Barcelona is the club with the most players (3) that have won the Golden Ball award (Johan Cruyff - 1974, Romário - 1994, Lionel Messi - 2014).
The Golden Boot or Golden Shoe Award goes to the top goalscorer of the FIFA World Cup. While every World Cup had a ranking of the goalscorers, the first time an award was given was in 1982, under the name Golden Shoe. It was rechristened Golden Boot in 2010. FIFA sometimes lists the top goalscorers of previous Cups among the Golden Boot winners.
If there is more than one player with the same amount of goals, since 1994 the tie-breaker goes to the player who has contributed the most assists - with the FIFA Technical Study Group deciding whether an assist is to be counted as such. If there is still more than one player, the tie-breaker since 2006 goes to the player who has played the least amount of time.
|World Cup||Top goalscorer||Goals||Runners-up||Goals||Third place||Goals|
|1930 Uruguay||Guillermo Stábile||8||Pedro Cea||5||Bert Patenaude||4|
|1934 Italy||Oldřich Nejedlý||5(1)|| Edmund Conen
|1938 France||Leônidas||7(2)|| György Sárosi
|1950 Brazil||Ademir||8(3)||Óscar Míguez||5|| Alcides Ghiggia
|1954 Switzerland||Sándor Kocsis||11|| Josef Hügi
|1958 Sweden||Just Fontaine||13|| Pelé
|1962 Chile|| Flórián Albert
|1966 England||Eusébio||9||Helmut Haller||6|| Valeriy Porkujan
|1970 Mexico||Gerd Müller||10||Jairzinho||7||Teófilo Cubillas||5|
|1974 West Germany||Grzegorz Lato||7|| Andrzej Szarmach
|1978 Argentina||Mario Kempes||6||Teófilo Cubillas||5||Rob Rensenbrink||5|
|World Cup||Golden Shoe||Goals||Silver Shoe||Goals||Bronze Shoe||Goals|
|1982 Spain||Paolo Rossi||6||Karl-Heinz Rummenigge||5||Zico||4|
|1986 Mexico||Gary Lineker||6|| Emilio Butragueño
|1990 Italy||Salvatore Schillaci||6||Tomáš Skuhravý||5||Roger Milla||4|
|1994 United States|| Oleg Salenko(4)
|6||None(5)|| Kennet Andersson
|1998 France||Davor Šuker||6|| Gabriel Batistuta
|2002 South Korea/Japan||Ronaldo||8(8)|| Miroslav Klose
|2006 Germany||Miroslav Klose||5||Hernán Crespo||3(9)||Ronaldo||3(9)|
|World Cup||Golden Boot||Goals||Silver Boot||Goals||Bronze Boot||Goals|
|2010 South Africa||Thomas Müller||5(10)||David Villa||5(10)||Wesley Sneijder||5(10)|
|2014 Brazil||James Rodríguez||6||Thomas Müller||5||Neymar||4(11)|
1 FIFA initially credited Nejedlý with only four goals, which would make him joint top scorer with Angelo Schiavio of Italy and Edmund Conen of Germany. However, FIFA changed it to five goals in November 2006, making Nejedlý the outright top scorer.
2 FIFA initially credited Leônidas with eight goals. However, in November 2006, FIFA confirmed that in the quarter-final tie against Czechoslovakia, he had scored once, not twice as FIFA had originally recorded, meaning he had scored only seven goals in total.
3 There was controversy regarding the number of goals Brazilian Ademir had scored in 1950, as a result of incomplete data concerning the Final Round game Brazil vs. Spain (6–1). The 5–0 goal had been credited to Jair, but is now credited to Ademir
4 Salenko is the only player to win the award playing for a team that were eliminated in the group stages. His six goals are the only international goals he ever scored.
5 Despite the assist tiebreaker, Salenko and Stoichkov remained tied with 6 goals and one assist each, and both received the Golden Shoe.
7 Both runners-up had the same number of assists, and each received the Silver Shoe.
8 During the tournament, after the group stage match against Costa Rica, Ronaldo logged a protest against the crediting of a goal as an own goal, and FIFA granted him the change.
9 Eight players had scored three goals. Ronaldo, Crespo and Zinedine Zidane stood out for having one assist, and then the two recipients were determined by less playtime (308 minutes for Crespo, 411 for Ronaldo, 559 for Zidane).
10 Müller, Villa, Sneijder and Diego Forlán tied with five goals. Müller won by virtue of having more assists (3) than the rest (each had one). Villa won the Silver Boot due to playing fewer minutes than Sneijder, and Sneijder won the Bronze Boot due to having played fewer minutes than Forlán.
The Golden Glove Award is awarded to the best goalkeeper of the tournament. The award was introduced with the name Lev Yashin Award in 1994, in honor of the late Soviet goalkeeper. The FIFA Technical Study Group recognises the top goalkeeper of the tournament based on the player's performance throughout the final competition. Although goalkeepers have this specific award for their position, they are still eligible for the Golden Ball as well, as when Oliver Kahn was awarded in 2002. Although the Golden Glove Award was first awarded in 1994, every All-Star Team in World Cups prior to 1998 but 1990 included only one goalkeeper.
The Yashin Award was first awarded in 1994.
|World Cup||Yashin Award winner|
|1994 United States||Michel Preud'homme|
|1998 France||Fabien Barthez|
|2002 Korea/Japan||Oliver Kahn|
|2006 Germany||Gianluigi Buffon|
The award was renamed the Golden Glove Award in 2010.
|World Cup||Golden Glove Award winner|
|2010 South Africa||Iker Casillas|
|2014 Brazil||Manuel Neuer|
Best Young Player Award
The Best Young Player award was awarded for the first time at the 2006 World Cup in Germany and given to Germany's Lukas Podolski. The award is given to the best player in the tournament who is at most 21 years old. For the 2014 World Cup, this meant that the player had to have been born on or after 1 January 1993. The election took place on FIFA's official World Cup website with the help of The FIFA Technical Study Group.
FIFA organised a survey on the Internet for users to choose the "best young player" of the World Cup, between 1958 and 2002, named the best young player of each tournament. With 61% of the overall vote, the winner was Pelé, who finished ahead of the Peruvian Teófilo Cubillas, the best young player at Mexico 1970, and England's Michael Owen, who reached similar heights at France 98.
|World Cup||Best Young Player||Age|
|1962 Chile||Flórián Albert||20|
|1966 England||Franz Beckenbauer||20|
|1970 Mexico||Teófilo Cubillas||21|
|1974 West Germany||Władysław Żmuda||20|
|1978 Argentina||Antonio Cabrini||20|
|1982 Spain||Manuel Amoros||21|
|1986 Mexico||Enzo Scifo||20|
|1990 Italy||Robert Prosinečki||21|
|1994 United States||Marc Overmars||21|
|1998 France||Michael Owen||18|
|2002 Korea/Japan||Landon Donovan||20|
The Best Young Player Award was first awarded in 2006.
|World Cup||Best Young Player Award||Age|
|2006 Germany||Lukas Podolski||21|
|2010 South Africa||Thomas Müller||20|
|2014 Brazil||Paul Pogba||21|
FIFA Fair Play Trophy
The FIFA Fair Play Trophy is given to the team with the best record of fair play during the World Cup final tournament since 1970. Only teams that qualified for the second round are considered. The winners of this award earn the FIFA Fair Play Trophy, a diploma, a fair play medal for each player and official, and $50,000 worth of football equipment to be used for youth development.
The appearance of the award was originally a certificate. From 1982 to 1990, it had been a golden trophy based on Sport Billy, a football-playing cartoon character from 1982 who became an icon for FIFA Fair play. Ever since 1994, it is simply a trophy with an elegant footballer figure. Peru was the first nation to win the award after receiving no yellow or red cards in the 1970 FIFA World Cup held in Mexico.
|World Cup||FIFA Fair Play Trophy Winners|
|1974 West Germany||West Germany|
|1994 United States||Brazil|
|1998 France|| England
|2006 Germany|| Brazil
|2010 South Africa||Spain|
Man of the Match
The Man of the Match award picks the outstanding player in every game of the tournament since 2002. While the inaugural two editions were chosen by the technical group, the Man of the Match is since 2010 picked by an online poll on FIFA's website.
|World Cup||Most Man of the Match wins||Wins|
|2002 South Korea/Japan||Rivaldo||3|
|2006 Germany||Andrea Pirlo||3|
|2010 South Africa||Wesley Sneijder||4|
|2014 Brazil||Lionel Messi||4|
Most Entertaining Team
The FIFA Award for the Most Entertaining Team was a subjectively awarded prize for the team which had done the most to entertain the public with a positive approach to the game, organised through public participation in a poll. It was awarded between 1994 and 2006.
|World Cup||Most Entertaining Team Award|
|1994 United States||Brazil|
|2002 Korea/Japan||South Korea|
The All-Star Team is a team of the best performers at the respective World Cup finals. The ways in which the FIFA All-Star team members have been chosen has varied from year to year. A technical study group consisting of journalists - mostly of Europe and South America - and experts has historically chosen the team. However, in 1994 FIFA decided to add an official squad, chosen by the FIFA technical group and under the brand name MasterCard All-Star Team. The All-Star team wound up dropped prior to the 2010 tournament - coincidentally, three years after FIFA changed its sponsorship from MasterCard to Visa.
|1974 West Germany|
|1994 United States|
In 2010, an equivalent of the All Star Team was an online poll to FIFA.com Club members named "Dream Team", sponsored by Yingli. The Dream Team poll returned the following edition sponsored by Oi.
|2010 South Africa|
While FIFA did not release an official list for 2014, official sponsor Castrol published a team of the tournament based on their Castrol Performance Index, which evaluates players' performances through statistical data.
- Only two players have been named in three separate All-Star teams which selection only included the starting eleven: Djalma Santos in 1954, 1958 and 1962, Franz Beckenbauer in 1966, 1970 and 1974. Philipp Lahm also achieved it in 2006, 2010 and 2014. However, the 2006 edition listed 23 players and 2014 had two All-Star team listed. Lahm's name has only been in one of these.
- 21 players have been named in two separate All-Star teams: Luis Monti (1930 and 1934; representing Argentina and Italy respectively); Garrincha (1958 and 1962); Pelé (1958 and 1970); Bobby Charlton (1966 and 1970); Ruud Krol and Rob Rensenbrink (1974 and 1978); Berti Vogts (1974 and 1978); Paolo Rossi (1978 and 1982); Michel Platini (1982 and 1986); Diego Maradona (1986 and 1990); Paolo Maldini (1990 and 1994); Dunga (1994 and 1998); Roberto Carlos, Rivaldo, and Ronaldo (1998 and 2002); Lilian Thuram and Zinedine Zidane (1998 and 2006); Michael Ballack and Miroslav Klose (2002 and 2006).
- Pelé hold the record of the longest time between being named in two separate All-Star teams by 12 years apart (1958 and 1970).
- Uruguay in 1930 and 1950, Spain in 2010 and Germany in 2014 are the only teams to have had a player in every position on the All-Star Team. Germany and Italy achieved it in 2006, however, the 2006 edition listed 23 players.
- Uruguay in 1930 and Italy in 2006 have the most players selected in the All-Star Team with 7 players each. However, the 1930 selection only had 11 players overall, while the 2006 selection had 23.
- 37 different Brazilian players have been named in All-Star teams, Brazil is also the nation with most nominations with 44 nominees in every position except goalkeeper.
- Only two Asian players have been named in All-Star teams, Hong Myung-bo and Yoo Sang-chul of South Korea. Another Asian player Hidetoshi Nakata has been named in reserves. All three players were selected in 2002.
- Similarly, only two African players have been named in All-Star teams, Roger Milla from Cameroon in 1990 and El Hadji Diouf from Senegal in 2002.
- Only one player on the victorious 1986 Argentina team, Diego Maradona, was selected in that year's All-Star team.
- Uniquely, brothers Brian Laudrup and Michael Laudrup were both selected for the All Star Team from Denmark in 1998.
- Similarly, Cesare Maldini and Paolo Maldini are the only father and son players that were both selected for the All Star Team from Italy, in 1962 and 1990, 1994 respectively.
- Very uniquely, Argentinian compatriots Diego Maradona (1979 and 1986) and Lionel Messi (2005 and 2014) are the only players that won the Golden Ball award at both FIFA World Cup and FIFA World Youth Championship.
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