Adilabad

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Adilabad
City
Adilabad is located in Telangana
Adilabad
Adilabad
Adilabad is located in India
Adilabad
Adilabad
Location in Telangana
Coordinates: 19°40′12″N 78°31′48″E / 19.67000°N 78.53000°E / 19.67000; 78.53000Coordinates: 19°40′12″N 78°31′48″E / 19.67000°N 78.53000°E / 19.67000; 78.53000
Country India
State Telangana
District Adilabad
Area[1]
 • City 35.5 km2 (13.7 sq mi)
Elevation 264 m (866 ft)
Population (2011)[2]
 • City 117,167(metro above 2,00,000)
 • Rank 9th (in state)
 • Metro[2] 139,383
Demonym(s) Adilabadi
Languages
 • Official Telugu, Urdu
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 504001
Vehicle registration TS-01[3]
Lok Sabha constituency Adilabad
Assembly constituency Adilabad
Website Adilabad Municipality

Adilabad, a municipality, and the headquarters of Adilabad district, is a city in Adilabad district of the Indian state of Telangana.[2] Telugu and Urdu are the official languages of Adilabad.

History[edit]

Adilabad was ruled by many dynasties like the Mauryas, Satavahanas, Chalukyas, Qutub Shahis & Asaf Jahis. Adilabad derives its name from the erstwhile ruler of Bijapur, Yusuf Adil Shah. It is the northernmost district of Nizam state (Asaf Jahi dynasty) founded by Nizam-ul-Mulk in the Deccan region.[citation needed] Major local cultures include Telugu, Marathi, Bengali, Malayali, Rajasthani and Gujarati.[citation needed] The original name of Adilabad was Edlabad during the rule of Qutub Shahis.[4]

Languages[edit]

Though most of the population of Adilabad was still of Gond, Urdu and Marathi origin before 1956, the region became a part of the Telugu linguistic state.[citation needed] Since 1956, Telugu gained prominence and replaced Gondi, Kannada, Marathi and Urdu entirely.[citation needed]

Geography[edit]

Adilabad has an average elevation of 264 metres (866 feet). Kuntala Waterfall, Sahyadri mountains, rivers like the Godavari, Penaganga, Pranahitha, etc. The district shares its boundaries with Nizamabad and Karimnagar districts of Telangana to the south and with Nanded, Yavatmal, Chandrapur and Gadchiroli districts of Maharashtra on the West, North and East respectively.

Mavala lake, built during the Nizam period, is located 6 km south side of Adilabad town. There is a park adjacent to the lake. Adilabad has a well-developed cotton idustry.[citation needed]

Demographics[edit]

As of 2011 India census, Adilabad had a population of 117,167. Males constitute 59,448, females are 57,719 and 12,993 of the population are under the age group of 0–6 years. It has an average literacy rate of 43.45% with 45,259 literates. The urban agglomeration population of the city stands at 139383. It includes the population figures of its constituent census town, Dasnapur as 22,216.[2]

Religions in Adilabad[5]
Religion Percent
Hindu
  
59.37%
Muslim
  
35.59%
Buddhist
  
2.60%
Others†
  
2.44%
Includes Sikhs, Jains

Politics[edit]

Adilabad is one of the seventeen Lok Sabha constituencies in the Indian state of Telangana and consists of eight Legislative Assembly segments. It is a Legislative Assembly constituency.

Transport[edit]

Roads

National Highway 44 passes through Adilabad. Hyderabad is 310 km from Adilabad. Nagpur is 196 km away from Adilabad.

Railway

Adilabad has a railway station on Mudkhed-Adilabad Section of Nanded railway division of South Central Railway (SCR). Adilabad falls under Nanded railway division of SCR.[citation needed]

Landmarks[edit]

Notable people[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Basic Information of Municipality". Adilabad Municipality. Retrieved 19 September 2015. 
  2. ^ a b c d "District Census Handbook – Adilabad" (PDF). Census of India. p. 14,38. Retrieved 19 September 2015. 
  3. ^ "District Codes". Government of Telangana Transport Department. Retrieved 4 September 2014. 
  4. ^ "Hyderabad State". 
  5. ^ "Adilabad City Population Census 2011 – Andhra Pradesh".