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|• Body||Adilabad Municipality|
|• Total||35.5 km2 (13.7 sq mi)|
|Elevation||264 m (866 ft)|
|• Rank||9th (in state)|
|• Density||3,900/km2 (10,000/sq mi)|
|• Official||Telugu, English|
|Time zone||UTC+5:30 (IST)|
|Lok Sabha constituency||Adilabad|
Adilabad is a city which serves as the headquarters of Adilabad district, in the Indian state of Telangana. Telugu is the native language of Adilabad. Adilabad is famous for its rich cultivation of cotton. Hence, Adilabad is also referred as "White Gold City". It is located about 304 kilometres (189 mi) north of the state capital, Hyderabad, 150 kilometres (93 mi) from Nizamabad and 196 kilometres (122 mi) from Nagpur. Adilabad is called as the "Gateway to South India".
The earlier name of Adilabad was Edlabad during the rule of Qutub Shahis. Adilabad derives its name from the erstwhile ruler of Bijapur, Muhammad Yusuf Adil Shah. It wasn't a homogenous unit for a long period. Adilabad was ruled by many dynasties like the Kakatiyas, Mauryas, Satavahanas, Chalukyas, Qutub Shahis , Asaf Jahis and by Gond Rajas of earlier sub-districts Sirpur and Chanda. It was created in 1872 by the ruler and In 1905 it was declared to be an independent district with a prominent headquarters. Later many regions were combined and set apart. In 2016 it was divided into 4 districts namely, Adilabad, Nirmal, Asifabad, Mancherial.
Telugu is the most spoken language in Adilabad (65% as native language). Due to geographical proximity with Maharashtra, Marathi is also widely spoken and understood (10.5% as native language). Other languages spoken in Adilabad include Hindi, Urdu and Gondi.
Adilabad has an average elevation of 264 metres. The district shares its boundaries with Nizamabad and Karimnagar districts of Telangana to the south, Komaram Bheem district on the east, with Nanded on the west and Yavatmal and Chandrapur districts of Maharashtra to the north.
The Kuntala Waterfall, rivers like the Godavari, Painganga, etc flow through the district. Mavala lake, built during the Nizam period, is situated 6 km south side of Adilabad city. There is a park adjacent to the lake. Other waterfalls in Adilabad include Pochara waterfalls also and Gayatri waterfall, where different rope games are conducted in year-round. Saptha Gundala waterfalls, consisting of 7 small waterfalls, is accessible only by track due to its isolated forest location.
In 2011, Adilabad had a population of 117,167. Males make up 59,448 of the population, with females making up 57,719. 12,993 of the population are under the age group of 0–6 years. The city has an average literacy rate of 43.45%. The urban agglomeration population of the city stands at 139,383. It includes the population figures of its constituent census town, Dasnapur as 22,216.
TSRTC operates buses from Adilabad to various destinations in the state.
- Kuntala Waterfall
- Pochera Falls
- Gayatri Waterfall
- Kanakai waterfall
- Mavala Harithavanam
- Khandala Waterfall
- Adilabad district
- List of cities in Telangana by population
- Syro-Malabar Catholic Eparchy of Adilabad
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- "District Census Handbook – Adilabad" (PDF). Census of India. p. 14,38. Retrieved 19 September 2015.
- "District Codes". Government of Telangana Transport Department. Retrieved 4 September 2014.
- "Cities having population 1 lakh and above, Census 2011" (PDF).
- "Language and mother tongues:Town Level data". Census India.
- "Hyderabad State". 1937.
- "History | Adilabad District | India".
- "Adilabad City Population Census 2011 – Andhra Pradesh".
- "MUE/Mudkhed Junction (4 PFs)". indiarailinfo. Retrieved 3 June 2018.