|Elevation||264 m (866 ft)|
|• Rank||9th (in state)|
|• Official||Telugu, Urdu|
|• Spoken||Telugu, Urdu, Marathi|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
|Lok Sabha constituency||Adilabad|
|Vidhan Sabha constituency||Adilabad|
Adilabad is a city in Adilabad district of the Indian state of Telangana. It is a municipality, that serves as the headquarters of Adilabad district. As of 2011[update] census, it had a population of 117,388 and an urban agglomeration population of 139,103.
Adilabad was ruled by many dynasties like the Mauryas, Satavahanas, Chalukyas, Qutub Shahis & Asaf Jahis. Adilabad derives its name from the erstwhile ruler of Bijapur, Yusuf Adil Shah. It is the northernmost district of Nizam state (Asaf Jahi dynasty) founded by Nizam-ul-Mulk in the Deccan region. The current culture of the district incorporates significant elements. However a multicultural society exists here with Telugu, Marathi, Bengali, Malayali, Rajasthani and Gujarati people living in harmony. The original name of the Adilabad was Edlabad during the rule of Qutub Shahis. Edla is a Gond word for people in woods. Its name was changed to "Adilabad" by erstwhile Islamic ruler of Bijapur, Mohammed Adil Shah to increase the influence of Islam in the region even though Hindu (mostly tribal religions which tend to be considered as Hindu) population was more than 92% at that times. Prior to Kakatiyas coming to rule, the region comprising the current Adilabad or Edlabad (Edla from Gondi word for people in the highland woods), Karimnagar (Elgandal or Elgondal from Gond for ruled by Gonds), Warangal (Orangal from Gond and called as Orukal by Chittoor Tamil Sri Vaishnava Charis who migrated during late 1700s), Khammam, Medak and Nizamabad districts were originally inhabitted by the Gonds and Kannadas. Of the Kannada kingdoms, Western Chalukyas and Kakateeyas are most noted. Southern Telangana was wholly Kannada at the time. Beginning as subordinates of Chalukyas of Badami, the Kakatiyas very rapidly disowned their Kannada origins and began to promote Telugu. Kakateeyas replaced Kannada with Telugu as official after gaining the Eastern Chalukyan provinces which were Telugu. After the fall of the Kakateeyas, Marathi and Kannada had the most influence after Urdu. The language of Gondi did not gain prominence and Telugu established by the Kakateeyas also lost prominence. Later the region was ruled by many muslim rulers. Prior to the formation of the linguistic states, Adilabad district was called as Sirpur-Tandur or Amaldari and it was part of Kannada and Marathi regions of Bidar and Marathwada, respectively at different periods. Though most of the population of Adilabad was still of Gond, Urdu and Marathi origin prior to 1956, the region became a part of the Telugu linguistic state. Since 1956, Telugu gained prominence and replaced Gondi, Kannada, Marathi and Urdu entirely.
Adilabad has an average elevation of 264 metres (866 feet). Adilabad district also consists of many landscapes like Kuntala waterfalls, Sahyadri mountains, rivers like the Godavari, Penaganga, Pranahitha, etc. The district shares its boundaries with Nizamabad and Karimnagar districts of Telangana to the south and with Nanded, Yavatmal, Chandrapur and Gadchiroli districts of Maharashtra on the West, North and East respectively. Most of the boundary is designated by the rivers Godavari and Penganga.
Mavala lake it located 6 km south side of Adilabad town, it was built during the Nizam period. Water from the lake is supplied to the town and serves the needs about 40% of people in it. There is a park adjacent to the lake. Adilabad is a hub for cotton mills.
As of 2011[update] India census, Adilabad had a population of 117,388 and urban agglomeration population of 139,103. Males constitute 70,403 of the population and females are 68,700. Adilabad has an average literacy rate of 80.15%. 15,390 of the population is under 6 years of age.
Urdu is the native language of Adilabad while Telugu is the official Language. The other languages spoken are Gormati and Marathi as Adilabad is almost at the border to Maharastra. It is one of the richest districts of Telangana, containing 20% of state's wealth. About 75% of the district is covered with thick tropical moist deciduous forests, the second largest district in terms of forest coverage, next only to Khammam.
There are many schools, degree, pg colleges and universities. Rajiv Gandhi University of Knowledge Technologies in Basar, Rajiv Gandhi Institute of Medical Sciences, 32 Andhra NCC Battalion, etc., are.other renowned institutions.
Adilabad has a railway station on Mudkhed-Adilabad Section of Hyderabad (HYB) Division of South Central Railway (SCR). After Divisional adjustments in 2003, which saw the bifurcation of Hyderabad Division, Adilabad now comes under Nanded (NED) Division of SCR. It has direct train connectivity with Hyderabad, Nizamabad, Nanded, Vijayawada, Nagpur etc.
National Highway 7 passes through Adilabad making the road transport most easy. It is well connected to rest of India by road. Hyderabad is 310 km from here. Adilabad had an air strip which was destroyed by the Indian air force at the time of police action in 1948.Nagpur is just 196 km from here which is an added advantage.
Adilabad offers its tourists a holistic holiday tour through its historical temples and monuments and shimmering waterfalls. These 3 star hotels, Restaurants, Sprawling Gardens and State-of-the-art Helicopter facility.
- Waterfall: Kuntala Waterfall, Pochera Falls
- Wildlife sanctuaries: Kawal Wildlife Sanctuary, Shivaram Wildlife Sanctuary, Pranahitha Wildlife
- Art an handicrafts: Nirmal Toys and Nirmal Paintings, Kala Ashram, Adilabad
- "Census 2011" (PDF). The Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 25 July 2014.
- "District Codes". Government of Telangana Transport Department. Retrieved 4 September 2014.
- "Urban Agglomerations/Cities having population 1 lakh and above" (PDF). The Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 25 July 2014.
- "Mandal wise villages" (pdf). Revenue Department - AP Land. National Informatics Center. p. 10. Retrieved 16 November 2014.
- "Brief about Municipality". Commissioner & Director of Municipal Administration. Retrieved 17 November 2014.
- "Adilabad Pin code". citypincode.in. Retrieved 2014-03-20.