|• City||20.76 km2 (8.02 sq mi)|
|Elevation||264 m (866 ft)|
|• Rank||9th (in state)|
|• Density||5,600/km2 (15,000/sq mi)|
|• Official||Telugu, Urdu|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
|Lok Sabha constituency||Adilabad|
Adilabad was ruled by many dynasties like the Mauryas, Satavahanas, Chalukyas, Qutub Shahis & Asaf Jahis. Adilabad derives its name from the erstwhile ruler of Bijapur, Yusuf Adil Shah. It is the northernmost district of Nizam state (Asaf Jahi dynasty) founded by Nizam-ul-Mulk in the Deccan region. The current culture of the district incorporates significant elements. However a multicultural society exists here with Telugu, Marathi, Bengali, Malayali, Rajasthani and Gujarati people living in harmony. The original name of the Adilabad was Edlabad during the rule of Qutub Shahis. Edla is a Gond word for people in woods. Its name was changed to "Adilabad" by erstwhile Islamic ruler of Bijapur, Mohammed Adil Shah. Though most of the population of Adilabad was still of Gond, Urdu and Marathi origin prior to 1956, the region became a part of the Telugu linguistic state. Since 1956, Telugu gained prominence and replaced Gondi, Kannada, Marathi and Urdu entirely.
Adilabad has an average elevation of 264 metres (866 feet). Adilabad district also consists of many landscapes like Kuntala Waterfall, Sahyadri mountains, rivers like the Godavari, Penaganga, Pranahitha, etc. The district shares its boundaries with Nizamabad and Karimnagar districts of Telangana to the south and with Nanded, Yavatmal, Chandrapur and Gadchiroli districts of Maharashtra on the West, North and East respectively. Most of the boundary is designated by the rivers Godavari and Penganga.
Mavala lake it located 6 km south side of Adilabad town, it was built during the Nizam period. Water from the lake is supplied to the town and serves the needs about 40% of people in it. There is a park adjacent to the lake. Adilabad is a hub for cotton mills.
As of 2011[update] India census, Adilabad had a population of 117,167. Males constitute 59,448, females are 57,719 and 12,993 of the population are under the age group of 0–6 years. It has an average literacy rate of 43.45% with 45,259 literates. The urban agglomeration population of the city stands at 139383.It includes the population figures of its constituent census town, Dasnapur as 22,216.
Telugu and Urdu are the official languages of Adilabad.
There are many schools, degree, pg colleges and universities. Rajiv Gandhi Institute of Medical Sciences, 32 Andhra NCC Battalion, etc., are some of the institutions.
National Highway 44 passes through Adilabad making the road transport most easy. It is well connected to rest of India by road. Hyderabad is 310 km from here. Adilabad had an air strip which was destroyed by the Indian air force at the time of police action in 1948.Nagpur is just 196 km from here which is an added advantage.
Adilabad has a railway station on Mudkhed-Adilabad Section of Nanded railway division of South Central Railway (SCR). After the divisional adjustments in 2003, which saw the bifurcation of Hyderabad Division, Adilabad falls under Nanded railway division of SCR.
Adilabad has historical temples, monuments and shimmering waterfalls. The others include, Kuntala Waterfall, Pochera Falls, Kawal Wildlife Sanctuary, Shivaram Wildlife Sanctuary , Kerameri ghat roads etc.
- "Basic Information of Municipality". Adilabad Municipality. Retrieved 19 September 2015.
- "District Census Handbook – Adilabad" (PDF). Census of India. p. 14,38. Retrieved 19 September 2015.
- "District Codes". Government of Telangana Transport Department. Retrieved 4 September 2014.
- "Hyderabad State".
- "Adilabad City Population Census 2011 – Andhra Pradesh".