|District of Telangana|
Location in Telangana, India
|• Collector||Jagan Mohan|
|• Total||16.128 km2 (6.227 sq mi)|
|• Density||170/km2 (400/sq mi)|
|• Official||Telugu, Urdu|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
Adilabad district is a district in Telangana, India. As of 2011[update] Census of India, the total population of the district was 2,741,239. Major cities and towns in the district are Adilabad, Mancherial, Nirmal, Bellampally, Kagaznagar, etc.,
The original name of the Adilabad was Edlabad during the rule of Qutub Shahis. Edla is a Gond word for people in woods. Its name was changed to "Adilabad" by erstwhile Islamic ruler of Bijapur, Mohammed Adil Shah to increase the influence of Islam in the region even though Hindu population was more than 92% at that times. It is the northernmost district of Nizam state (Asaf Jahi dynasty) founded by Nizam-ul-Mulk in the Deccan region. Prior to Kakatiyas coming to rule, the region comprising the current Adilabad or Edlabad (Edla from Gondi word for people in the highland woods), Karimnagar (Elgandal or Elgondal from Gond), Warangal (Orangal from Gond and called as Orukal by Chittoor Tamil Sri Vaishnava Charis who migrated during late 1700s), Khammam, Medak and Nizamabad districts were originally inhabitted by the Gonds and Kannadas. Of the Kannada kingdoms, Western Chalukyas and Kakateeyas are most noted. Southern Telangana was wholly Kannada at the time. Beginning as subordinates of Chalukyas of Badami, the Kakatiyas very rapidly disowned their Kannada origins and began to promote Telugu. Kakateeyas replaced Kannada with Telugu as official after gaining the Eastern Chalukyan provinces which were Telugu. After the fall of the Kakateeyas, Marathi and Kannada had the most influence after Urdu. The language of Gondi did not gain prominence and Telugu established by the Kakateeyas also lost prominence. Later the region was ruled by many muslim rulers. Prior to the formation of the linguistic states, Adilabad district was called as Sirpur-Tandur or Amaldari and it was part of Bidar and Marathwada regions at different periods. Though most of the population of Adilabad was still of Gond, Urdu and Marathi origin prior to 1956, the region became a part of the Telugu linguistic state. Since 1956, Telugu gained prominence and replaced Gondi, Kannada, Marathi and Urdu entirely.
The dense forests and river Godavari basin of Adilabad district flourished as pre-historic settlements related to Stone Age, Mesolithic and Neolithic cultures. Explorations and excavations at the surrounding areas of Luxettipet, Asifabad, Boath, Bhainsa and Nirmal yielded pre- and proto-historic remnants.
Buddhism & Jainism
Badankurti village in Khanapur mandal of Adilabad district was explored and remnants of a Buddhist monastery were found on a small island of Godavari river near Badankurthi. The town of Bhainsa, probably related to early Buddhist times, as a pair of carved feet near a mound were found.
It is the second largest district in the Telangana state, including the inhabited and 167 uninhabited village and 11 towns. Forest in the district covers 44.8 percent of the total area, whereas its famous trees, teak covers 58.49 percent of the whole forest. The district has population of 2,741,239 which accounts for 3.13% of the total population of the State. River Godavari flows through Adilabad district and separates Nizambad and Karimnagar districts from Adilabad district.the sirpur town is one of the village for penganga river and paper mill.
In 2006 the Indian government named Adilabad one of the country's 250 most backward districts (out of a total of 640). It is one of the districts in Telangana currently receiving funds from the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme (BRGF).
Handicrafts and artisans
Toy making crafts Dhokra casting crafts are very popular in Adilabad District.
Nirmal for toy making & Ushagaon, Jamgaon & Keslaguda village of Jainoor & Kerameri mandal for Dhokra casting, as provided a natural location for the world famoys toys & Dhokra casting.
The artisans at Nirmal produce crafts reflecting the local life and environment.
Dhokra casting artisans have lived in this district for 100 years, and produce tribal ornaments and zoomporphic figures.
The stimulate the growth of toys of Nirmal and Dhokra casting at Jamgaon & Ushagaon villages of Jainoor mandal.
The artisans was organised on co-operative lines with a view to make it
- serve as an instalment for generating employment
- to offer the public variety of artistic products
- extend financial assistance and various common facilities and other benefits to promote production and marketing of products.
In 2007–2008 the International Institute for Population Sciences interviewed 1029 households in 37 villages across the district. They found that 85.3% had access to electricity, 88% had drinking water, 25.3% toilet facilities, and 10.4% lived in a pucca (permanent) home. 29.1% of girls wed before the legal age of 18 and 86.8% of interviewees carried a BPL card.
According to the 2011 census Adilabad district has a population of 2,737,738, roughly equal to the nation of Jamaica or the US state of Nevada. This gives it a ranking of 143rd in India (out of a total of 640). The district has a population density of 170 inhabitants per square kilometre (440/sq mi) . Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 10.18%. Adilabad has a sex ratio of 1003 females for every 1000 males, and a literacy rate of 61.55%.
Adilabad town has a cosmopolitan character. Urdu and Telugu are official and native languages Gond, Marathi and Kannada are also spoken. Telugu was introduced in 1956 as the official language for the first time in the history of Adilabad and most of the newer towns and villages are of Telugu. The older towns are Marathi and Gond (a Dravidian language which has many Telugu words due to close proximity to the Kakateeya ruled regions where Kannada was replaced with Telugu as the official language during the Kakateeya Period). Adilabad was included in Andhra Pradesh in 1956 because Gond is a Dravidian language and even today Adilabad has many towns which are disputed with Maharashtra. Most of the cities adopted Telugu but Marathi and Urdu are the main languages among the higher castes and Gondi is still the popular native tongue of the people. It is one of the richest districts of Telangana containing 20% of state's wealth. About 75% of the district is covered with thick tropical moist deciduous forests, the second largest district in terms of forest coverage, next to Khammam.
Adilabad has a number of tourism spots which include Kuntala Waterfalls, Pochera Waterfalls, Nirmal Forts, Nirmal Wooden Toys and Paintings, Ruyadi piris, Mathadivagu project in the district as part of a new plan for tourism promotion. Rope sliding at the Pochera waterfall would be introduced initially after the expert advice and stability certificates are procured.
Pochera waterfall, situated about 6 km. from the National Highway 7 in Neredigonda mandal would be developed at a cost of Rs. 12 Lakhs. Currently an open shelter, steps to the waterfall have been constructed near the waterfall. The introduction of adventure sports would further attract tourists, which is plan.
Kuntala waterfall is situated about 12 km. away from the National Highway 7 from Neredigonda mandal headquarters. At Kuntala, an open type of guesthouse, toilets, drinking water facility, steps leading to the fall are planned. Besides, an observation point would be constructed with the help of the local Vana Samrakshana Samiti, which would facilitate wildlife watching for enthusiasts. The Tourism Department will construct a motel on a two-acre plot, at one of the three places earmarked for the purpose.
The suitable places were near Seetagondi mandal headquarters village, about 12 km from Adilabad town on the National Highway 7, near Gudihatnoor mandal headquarters village, about 19 km from here, and near the Mahila Pranganam near Nirmal town. The most suitable place was Seetagondi considering the abutting dense forest.
Other attractions include
- Kawal Wildlife Sanctuary
- Shivaram Wildlife Sanctuary
- Pranahitha Wildlife Sanctuary
- SRSP Project Dam
- Kadem Dam
- Sathnala Dam
- Penganga Reservoir
Famous tribal Gond hero Komaram Bheem who fought against the deadly tyranny of Nizam government and against its land grabbing activities in the forests, belongs to Adilabad district. His biography was written by Puchalapalli Sundarayya who was the Chief of the Telangana Rebellion against Nizams.
Flora and fauna
- The Pranahita wild life sanctuary,
- Shivaram wild life sanctuary and
- Kawal wild life sanctuary attracts tourists throughout year.
- Tiger, wild bore, bear, deer, nilgai, bison, monkey, long tailed monkey are some of the wild animals inhibited in the district.
- "Adilabad district profile". Telangana State Portal. Retrieved 29 July 2014.
- Ifthekhar, J.S. (1 October 2014). "Urdu as second official language of Khammam". The Hindu (Hyderabad). Retrieved 29 October 2014.
- "District Codes". Government of Telangana Transport Department. Retrieved 4 September 2014.
- "Indian Archaeology Journal 1974-75" (PDF). ASI.
- "State Archaeology of Andhra Pradesh" (PDF). State Archaeology and Museums of Andhra Pradesh.
- "Article about Buddhist Site at Badankurti". The Hindu.
- "A.P. Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Sites and Remains Act" (PDF). aparchaeologymuseum.
- "83 districts under the Security Related Expenditure Scheme". IntelliBriefs. 2009-12-11. Retrieved 2011-09-17.
- Srivastava, Dayawanti et al. (ed.) (2010). "States and Union Territories: Andhra Pradesh: Government". India 2010: A Reference Annual (54th ed.). New Delhi, India: Additional Director General, Publications Division, Ministry of Information and Broadcasting (India), Government of India. pp. 1111–1112. ISBN 978-81-230-1617-7.
- "Island Directory Tables: Islands by Land Area". United Nations Environment Program. 1998-02-18. Retrieved 2011-10-11.
Bathurst Island 16042km2
- Ministry of Panchayati Raj (September 8, 2009). "A Note on the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme" (PDF). National Institute of Rural Development. Retrieved September 27, 2011.
- "District Level Household and Facility Survey (DLHS-3), 2007-08: India. Andhra Prades" (PDF). International Institute for Population Sciences and Ministry of Health and Family Welfare. 2010. Retrieved 2011-10-03.
- "How Do I? : Obtain Marriage Certificate". National Portal Content Management Team, National Informatics Centre. 2005. Retrieved 2011-10-03.
To be eligible for marriage, the minimum age limit is 21 for males and 18 for females.
- "Adilabad District Mandals". Adilabad District. Archived from the original on 6 March 2012.
- "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 2011-09-30.
- US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 2011.
Jamaica 2,868,380 July 2011 est
- "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-09-30.
|Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Adilabad (District).|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Adilabad district.|
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