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The Ezourvedam is a forgery "consisting of certain 'Vedic' materials translated by Jesuits with the intention of isolating elements most in harmony with Christianity."[1][2]

History and authorship[edit]

A manuscript called Ezourvedam was given to Voltaire in 1760 by Louis-Laurent de Federbe, Chevalier de Maudave.[3] The text was in French, and said to be[by whom?] a French translation of a Sanskrit original.[3] Voltaire was enthusiastic about the work, had it copied, and brought it to the attention of others.[3] It was first published in 1778[4] (Voltaire died that same year). The genuineness of the Ezourvedam was first questioned in 1782; these doubts were confirmed in 1822.[4] Rather than an original Sanskrit work, the Ezourvedam turned out to be a French text, written by French Jesuits, and meant to be translated into Sanskrit.[4]


The name Ezourvedam was sometimes taken to be a corruption of Yajurveda,[4] but the Ezourvedam has nothing in common with the Yajurveda.[4] The Ezourvedam itself refers to the Yajurveda as Zozu-vedam.[4] "Ezour" is the sandhi-form of "Ezous-", that is, "Jezus", based on the Latin pronunciation used by the Jesuits.[5] The name "Ezourvedam" means something like "Gospel of Jesus".[5]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Cowan 2010, p. 40.
  2. ^ App 2011, p. 52.
  3. ^ a b c Maurer 1988, p. 326.
  4. ^ a b c d e f Maurer 1988, p. 327.
  5. ^ a b Maurer 1988, p. 328.


Further reading[edit]