Adirondack High Peaks

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

The Adirondack High Peaks are a set of 46 mountain peaks in the Adirondack Mountains of New York, United States.

Name[edit]

The Adirondack High Peaks is the name given to 46 mountain peaks in the Adirondack Mountains that were originally believed to comprise all of the Adirondack peaks higher than 4,000 feet (1,219 m).[1] However, later surveying showed that four of the peaks in the group are actually under this elevation, and one additional peak that is close to this elevation had been overlooked. Due to tradition, no mountains were removed from or added to the group as a result of the revised elevation estimates.

Location[edit]

All except three are located in central and northern Essex County, primarily south of Lake Placid and Keene Valley. The others are just to the west in Franklin County. All the summits are on land owned by New York State as part of its Forest Preserve. Forty-two are in a vast tract of nearly 300,000 acres (1,200 km2) known as the High Peaks Wilderness Area, subdivided into central (26 peaks) and outer (16 peaks) zones. Nine of the peaks in the outer zone are in an area formerly known as the Dix Mountain Wilderness Area that was added to the High Peaks Wilderness in 2018.[2] Giant Mountain and Rocky Peak Ridge are in the adjacent Giant Mountain Wilderness Area. Whiteface Mountain, which has a downhill ski area and a toll road to its summit, and Esther Mountain are set slightly to the north, in Wilmington.

Ecosystems[edit]

Atop the highest peaks, above the tree line, there is a total of 87 acres (35 ha) of extraordinarily fragile alpine ecosystem; the amount of this ecosystem is constantly changing due to variation in the climate from year to year. Since this ecosystem above the treeline is extraordinarily fragile, it is extremely important to protect it. This is because, due to its elevation, this ecosystem may not be able to recover from any sort of harm.

The region contains many alpine lakes and meadows, wetlands, streams, and forests. The Eastern High Peaks Wilderness area is the most regulated area. Fires are not permitted; dogs must be leashed; overnight groups are limited to eight people and day groups to 15; and bear-resistant food canisters are required from April through November.

Camping is prohibited above any elevation greater than 4,000 ft on any of the Adirondack High Peaks.[3]

How to Reach the Summit of The High Peaks[edit]

Climbing neither Mount Marcy nor Algonquin Peak, the two highest of the High Peaks, requires technical skills, but Algonquin Peak is regarded as the more challenging climb. Twenty of the peaks have no official trail to the top, although rough informal routes, commonly referred to as "herd paths," have developed over the years. No true bushwhacking is required on any of the peaks, although some trails are still quite primitive.[4]

Alternatively, there is a road that leads to the summit of Whiteface Mountain called the Veterans' Memorial Highway. [5]

Those who have climbed all 46 High Peaks are eligible to join the Adirondack Forty-Sixers club.[6]

Mountain Ranges[edit]

There are many Mountain ranges within the High Peaks. The Dix Range includes five out of the forty-six High Peaks: Macomb, Grace Peak, South Dix, Hough, and Dix Mountain. The Great Range includes seven out of the forty-six High Peaks: Lower Wolfjaw, Upper Wolfjaw, Armstrong, Gothics, Saddleback, Basin, and Haystack. The Seward Range includes four out of the forty-six High Peaks: Seward, Donaldson, Emmons, and Seymour Mountain.[7] The MacIntyre Range includes four out of the forty-six High Peaks: Mount Marshall, Wright, Algonquin and Iroquois.[8] The Santanoni Range includes three out of the forty-six High Peaks: Santanoni Peak, Panther Peak, and Couchsachraga.

The High Peaks[edit]

Mountain Height (ft / m) Prominence (ft) Rank Coordinates
Mount Marcy 5,344 / 1,629 4,914 1 44°06′46″N 73°55′25″W / 44.1127°N 73.9237°W / 44.1127; -73.9237
Algonquin Peak 5,114 / 1,559 2,100 2 44°08′37″N 73°59′12″W / 44.1436°N 73.9867°W / 44.1436; -73.9867
Mount Haystack 4,960 / 1,512 840 3 44°06′20″N 73°54′02″W / 44.1056°N 73.9006°W / 44.1056; -73.9006
Mount Skylight 4,926 / 1,501 578 4 44°05′58″N 73°55′51″W / 44.0994°N 73.9308°W / 44.0994; -73.9308
Whiteface Mountain 4,867 / 1,483 3,110 5 44°21′57″N 73°54′10″W / 44.3658°N 73.9028°W / 44.3658; -73.9028
Dix Mountain 4,857 / 1,480 2,830 6 44°04′56″N 73°47′11″W / 44.0822°N 73.7864°W / 44.0822; -73.7864
Gray Peak 4,840 / 1,475 102 7 44°06′41″N 73°56′06″W / 44.1114°N 73.9349°W / 44.1114; -73.9349
Iroquois Peak 4,840 / 1,475 151 8 44°08′13″N 73°59′54″W / 44.1370°N 73.9982°W / 44.1370; -73.9982
Basin Mountain 4,827 / 1,471 725 9 44°07′16″N 73°53′11″W / 44.1212°N 73.8863°W / 44.1212; -73.8863
Gothics 4,736 / 1,444 699 10 44°07′41″N 73°51′26″W / 44.1281°N 73.8571°W / 44.1281; -73.8571
Mount Colden 4,714 / 1,437 876 11 44°07′37″N 73°57′36″W / 44.1270°N 73.9599°W / 44.1270; -73.9599
Giant Mountain 4,627 / 1,410 2,953 12 44°09′40″N 73°43′13″W / 44.1611°N 73.7202°W / 44.1611; -73.7202
Nippletop 4,620 / 1,408 1,380 13 44°05′21″N 73°48′59″W / 44.0892°N 73.8163°W / 44.0892; -73.8163
Santanoni Peak 4,607 / 1,404 2,430 14 44°04′57″N 74°07′52″W / 44.0825°N 74.1312°W / 44.0825; -74.1312
Mount Redfield 4,606 / 1,404 242 15 44°05′41″N 73°57′00″W / 44.0948°N 73.9499°W / 44.0948; -73.9499
Wright Peak 4,580 / 1,396 270 16 44°09′06″N 73°58′49″W / 44.1517°N 73.9803°W / 44.1517; -73.9803
Saddleback Mountain 4,515 / 1,376 380 17 44°07′36″N 73°52′31″W / 44.1267°N 73.8752°W / 44.1267; -73.8752
Panther Peak 4,442 / 1,354 275  18 44°05′54″N 74°07′56″W / 44.0984°N 74.1321°W / 44.0984; -74.1321
Table Top Mountain 4,427 / 1,349 430 19 44°08′27″N 73°54′59″W / 44.1407°N 73.9163°W / 44.1407; -73.9163
Rocky Peak Ridge 4,420 / 1,347 640 20 44°09′16″N 73°42′20″W / 44.1544°N 73.7056°W / 44.1544; -73.7056
Macomb Mountain 4,405 / 1,343 584 21 44°03′06″N 73°46′48″W / 44.0517°N 73.7801°W / 44.0517; -73.7801
Armstrong Mountain 4,400 / 1,341 98 22 44°08′05″N 73°50′56″W / 44.1348°N 73.8490°W / 44.1348; -73.8490
Hough Peak 4,400 / 1,341 374 23 44°04′10″N 73°46′39″W / 44.0695°N 73.7776°W / 44.0695; -73.7776
Seward Mountain 4,361 / 1,329 2,030 24 44°09′35″N 74°11′59″W / 44.1597°N 74.1997°W / 44.1597; -74.1997
Mount Marshall 4,360 / 1,329 493 25 44°07′39″N 74°00′42″W / 44.1275°N 74.0118°W / 44.1275; -74.0118
Allen Mountain 4,340 / 1,323 640 26 44°04′15″N 73°56′23″W / 44.0708°N 73.9397°W / 44.0708; -73.9397
Big Slide Mountain 4,240 / 1,292 1,049 27 44°10′56″N 73°52′13″W / 44.1823°N 73.8704°W / 44.1823; -73.8704
Esther Mountain 4,240 / 1,292 302 28 44°23′13″N 73°53′24″W / 44.3870°N 73.8899°W / 44.3870; -73.8899
Upper Wolfjaw Mountain 4,185 / 1,276 280 29 44°08′26″N 73°50′43″W / 44.1405°N 73.8453°W / 44.1405; -73.8453
Lower Wolfjaw Mountain 4,175 / 1,273 663 30 44°08′54″N 73°49′57″W / 44.1484°N 73.8326°W / 44.1484; -73.8326
Street Mountain 4,166 / 1,270 1,280 31 44°10′45″N 74°01′38″W / 44.1793°N 74.0272°W / 44.1793; -74.0272
Phelps Mountain 4,161 / 1,268 200 32 44°09′25″N 73°55′17″W / 44.1570°N 73.9215°W / 44.1570; -73.9215
Donaldson Mountain 4,140 / 1,262 138 33 44°09′14″N 74°12′40″W / 44.1539°N 74.2110°W / 44.1539; -74.2110
Seymour Mountain 4,120 / 1,256 1,020 34 44°09′30″N 74°10′22″W / 44.1582°N 74.1727°W / 44.1582; -74.1727
Sawteeth 4,100 / 1,250 490 35 44°06′48″N 73°51′03″W / 44.1133°N 73.8507°W / 44.1133; -73.8507
Cascade Mountain 4,098 / 1,249 1,180 36 44°13′07″N 73°51′38″W / 44.2186°N 73.8606°W / 44.2186; -73.8606
South Dix 4,060 / 1,237 164 37 44°03′36″N 73°46′27″W / 44.0600°N 73.7743°W / 44.0600; -73.7743
Porter Mountain 4,059 / 1,237 330 38 44°12′55″N 73°50′37″W / 44.2153°N 73.8436°W / 44.2153; -73.8436
Mount Colvin 4,057 / 1,236 750 39 44°05′38″N 73°50′04″W / 44.0939°N 73.8344°W / 44.0939; -73.8344
Mount Emmons 4,040 / 1,231 102 40 44°08′37″N 74°12′50″W / 44.1437°N 74.2140°W / 44.1437; -74.2140
Dial Mountain 4,020 / 1,225 164 41 44°06′21″N 73°47′46″W / 44.1059°N 73.7960°W / 44.1059; -73.7960
Grace Peak 4,012 / 1,223 319 42 44°03′55″N 73°45′27″W / 44.0653°N 73.7574°W / 44.0653; -73.7574
Blake Peak 3,960 / 1,207 558 43 44°04′53″N 73°50′41″W / 44.0814°N 73.8446°W / 44.0814; -73.8446
Cliff Mountain 3,960 / 1,207 466 44 44°06′11″N 73°58′30″W / 44.1031°N 73.9751°W / 44.1031; -73.9751
Nye Mountain 3,895 / 1,187 130 45 44°11′14″N 74°01′26″W / 44.1873°N 74.0238°W / 44.1873; -74.0238
Couchsachraga Peak 3,820 / 1,164 250 46 44°05′44″N 74°09′37″W / 44.0956°N 74.1602°W / 44.0956; -74.1602

Some surveys list MacNaughton Mountain at 4,000 feet (1,219 m), and some argue that it should be included in the High Peaks. However, more recent surveys list the mountain at 3,983 feet (1,214 m).[9]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Hiking Challenges: The Adirondack 46ers". Adirondack.net. Retrieved 8 June 2017.
  2. ^ "High Peaks Wilderness Area Unit Management Plan". New York State Department of Environmental Conservation. Retrieved 2 August 2018.
  3. ^ "Primitive Camping - NYS Dept. of Environmental Conservation". www.dec.ny.gov. Retrieved 2020-11-10.
  4. ^ "46 High Peaks". lakeplacid.com. Retrieved 5 March 2020.
  5. ^ "Take a trip up the Whiteface Veterans' Memorial Highway". Whiteface Region. 2018-06-12. Retrieved 2020-11-10.
  6. ^ "How to Join". ADk 46ers. Retrieved October 31, 2016.
  7. ^ "Seward Range : Climbing, Hiking & Mountaineering : SummitPost". www.summitpost.org. Retrieved 2020-11-10.
  8. ^ "The MacIntyre Range Hike". Outdoor Project. Retrieved 2020-11-10.
  9. ^ "MacNaughton Mountain". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved 2012-12-20.

External links[edit]