Adirondack chair

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A typical Adirondack chair

The Adirondack chair (or the Muskoka chair in parts of Ontario, Canada) is a simple chair made of wood or man made materials, generally used outdoors. Originally made with 11 flat wooden boards, it features a straight back and seat and wide armrests. The advent of various man made materials have allowed for this style of chair to be made from polymers and other hard impact plastics.


The first Adirondack chair was designed by Thomas Lee while vacationing in Westport, New York, in the Adirondack Mountains in 1903. Needing outdoor chairs for his summer home, he tested his early efforts on his family. After arriving at a final design for a "Westport plank chair," he offered it to a carpenter friend in Westport in need of a winter income, Harry Bunnell.[1] Bunnell saw the commercial potential of such an item being offered to Westport's summer residents, and apparently without asking Lee's permission filed for and received U.S. patent #794,777 in 1905.[2] Bunnell manufactured hemlock plank "Westport chairs" for the next twenty years, painted in green or medium dark brown, and individually signed by him.


Modern Adirondack chairs usually feature a rounded back and contoured seat, modifications made by Irving Wolpin, who received U.S. patent #109239 for his design in 1938. Color choices have expanded from green and brown to red, orange, yellow and turquoise.[3] White, by far, has been the most common, in post war time, as it absorbs less solar heat in the hot, humid summers, at least on the east coast.

The style has also been adapted to other types of furniture, such as swing gliders and love seats.

In Ontario it is commonly known as the Muskoka chair, from the eponymous Ontario cottage area.[citation needed]

See also[edit]