Chair with a flat back and contoured seat
|Made in||United States|
The Adirondack chair (in Ontario, Canada, more commonly called a Muskoka chair; in Quebec, a Laurentian chair) is a distinctively styled outdoor chair characteristically made of wood. Originally made with a flat seat and back composed of 11 flat wooden boards, it featured wide armrests parallel to the ground. Today a concave back and contoured seat are the norm. Chairs made from polymers and other hard impact plastics are growing in popularity.
The first Adirondack chair was designed by Thomas Lee while vacationing in Westport, New York, in the Adirondack Mountains in 1903. Needing outdoor chairs for his summer home, he tested his early efforts on his family. After arriving at a final design for a "Westport plank chair", he offered it to a carpenter friend in Westport in need of a winter income, Harry Bunnell. Bunnell saw the commercial potential of such an item being offered to Westport's summer residents, and apparently without asking Lee's permission filed for and received U.S. patent #794,777 in 1905. Bunnell manufactured hemlock plank "Westport chairs" for the next twenty years, painted in green or medium dark brown, and individually signed.
Irving Wolpin is credited for contouring the back and seat, receiving U.S. patent #109239 for his modified design in 1938.
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