Adisucipto International Airport

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Adisucipto International Airport
Bandar Udara International Adisucipto
Yogyakarta Airport Terminal Apron View.jpg
IATA: JOGICAO: WARJ (previous: WIIJ)
Summary
Airport type Public
Operator PT Angkasa Pura I
Serves Yogyakarta
Elevation AMSL 350 ft / 107 m
Coordinates 07°47′17″S 110°25′54″E / 7.78806°S 110.43167°E / -7.78806; 110.43167Coordinates: 07°47′17″S 110°25′54″E / 7.78806°S 110.43167°E / -7.78806; 110.43167
Website http://adisutjipto-airport.co.id/
Map
JOG is located in Java
JOG
JOG
Location in Java
Runways
Direction Length Surface
ft m
09/27 7,215 2,200 Asphalt
09R/27L 4,385 1,337 Grass
Statistics (2011)
Passengers 4.291.646
Aircraft movements 51.216
Cargo 12.850.482
Source: List of the busiest airports in Indonesia

Adisucipto (or Adisutjipto) International Airport (IATA: JOGICAO: WARJ) is the principal airport serving the Yogyakarta area on the island of Java, Indonesia.

It is in the Sleman Regency, in the Yogyakarta Special Region, on the northeast outskirts of the city, near the Prambanan historic temple site. It has one runway, with dimensions of 2,200 metres (7,200 ft) by 45 metres (148 ft). The airport is about 6 kilometres (3.7 mi) from the city center.

Adisucipto Airport is the fourth busiest airport in the region of Java–Bali, after Soekarno-Hatta International Airport (CGK) in Jakarta, Juanda International Airport (SUB) in Surabaya and Ngurah Rai International Airport (DPS) in Bali.[citation needed]

History[edit]

A Garuda Indonesia Boeing 737 NG with new livery at Adisucipto International Airport, Yogyakarta, Indonesia. (2010)

Adisucipto Airport was preceded by a landing ground at Maguwo which was used before and during the Second World War. It is named after Agustinus Adisucipto, a pilot who was killed during an attack on Maguwo by the Dutch on 29 July 1947, when his flight, the Dakota VT-CLA, was shot down.

The airport was heavily damaged by 27 May 2006 earthquake and had to be closed for two days. Some parts of the runway were cracked, and the departure lounge collapsed. Most flights were canceled or rerouted to Adisumarmo International Airport, Solo. After the airport returned to service on 30 May 2006, all passengers used the international lounge until the new domestic departure lounge was ready. During this period, passenger comfort was affected as the international lounge was designed only for about 100 passengers at a time.

The airport was closed for several days due to the 2010 Mount Merapi eruption as the volcanic ash could endanger the safety of flights. During this period, passengers were diverted to Adisumarmo Airport in Solo, Achmad Yani International Airport in Semarang, or transferred to another mode of transportation to the city of Yogyakarta.

International routes[edit]

Before Adisucipto became an international airport, Yogyakarta depended on Bali and Jakarta for its international flights. It became an international airport on 21 February 2004 with the first flight, to Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, operated by the Indonesian flag carrier Garuda Indonesia. This was the successful conclusion to the city's efforts of over 30 years to have its own international airport. One month later, Garuda Indonesia operated its second international flight, to Singapore. Due to low demand, Garuda Indonesia ceased international flights from the airport on November 2006.

International flights resumed on 30 January 2008 when AirAsia began to fly the Yogyakarta–Kuala Lumpur route using Airbus 320 aircraft. From 1 February 2008, Malaysia Airlines started to serve the Yogyakarta–Kuala Lumpur route operating Boeing 737-400 aircraft but ceased operation in 2011.

In April 2008 AirAsia raised the frequency of its Yogyakarta–Kuala Lumpur flights from four times weekly to daily.[1] In December 2008, Garuda Indonesia resumed its Yogyakarta–Singapore flight, operating three times weekly but ceased in 2009. AirAsia started to fly a Yogyakarta–Singapore flight on 24 March 2009, operating daily.

Development[edit]

Adisutjipto Airport's Domestic Departure Lounge

Adisucipto is being redeveloped to cope with the increasing number of passengers. The location of this airport is unusual since the terminal is only about 10 meters from a railway line. A long-range plan has been developed to build Adisucipto as a "fused terminal" by building a railway station and bus terminal in the airport. There is still a problem of limited availability of land. An underpass connecting the terminal building and a new parking lot (to the north of the railway) has been completed. The construction of the new Maguwo Station to the north of the airport has also been completed.

There are plans to lengthen the runway by 300 metres (980 ft) to the east. The runway will then be 2,500 metres (8,200 ft) in length. Plans also call to widen the apron so that it will be able to handle 11 Boeing 737-400s and 2 Boeing 767-300ERs, and expansion of the terminal. Currently the airport has a new taxiway (N3) beside having a primary taxiway to the south of the apron. It's to the east of the apron. This taxiway is used to link runway 27 with the apron.

New airport[edit]

The limited availability of land around the airport triggered the government to relocate the airport to Gadingsari, Sanden in Bantul Regency or to Temon in Kulon Progo Regency.[2] PT Angkasa Pura I and Yogyakarta Province Administration have appointed Kulonprogo as the new airport location. It will be built without Central Government Fund and will be built by joint venture between PT Angkasa Pura I and GVK Group from India with 51 and 49 percent shares, respectively. Predicted, it will be operational in 2016.[3]

Airlines and destinations[edit]

Merpati Nusantara Airlines Boeing 737-200 on Adisujipto Airport Apron
Airlines Destinations
AirAsia Johor Bahru (Begins 7 July 2014),[4][5] Kuala Lumpur
Batik Air Jakarta-Soekarno-Hatta
Citilink Balikpapan, Jakarta-Halim Perdanakusuma
Express Air Makassar, Surabaya, Pontianak
Garuda Indonesia Balikpapan, Denpasar/Bali, Jakarta-Soekarno-Hatta
Garuda Indonesia
operated by Explore Jet
Balikpapan, Makassar
Indonesia AirAsia Denpasar/Bali, Jakarta-Soekarno-Hatta
Indonesia AirAsia Singapore
Lion Air Balikpapan, Batam, Banjarmasin, Denpasar/Bali, Jakarta–Soekarno-Hatta, Mataram-Lombok, Makassar
Nam Airlines Pontianak
Silk Air Singapore
Sriwijaya Air Balikpapan, Jakarta–Soekarno-Hatta, Surabaya
Wings Air Bandung, Surabaya

Statistics[edit]

Adisucipto International Airport is one of the busiest in the Java–Bali region. It has faced a growing trend in passengers over the past decade. The table below is based on data from PT Angkasa Pura I, who is responsible for management of the airport.[6]

Year Total
passengers
Cargo
(tons)
Aircraft
movements
2001 806,744 2,066,649 11,505
2002 917,714 2,602,279 12,010
2003 1,481,022 3,712,441 17,052
2004 2,442,915 8,307,448 27,102
2005 2,558,262 11,267,961 25,961
2006 2,564,144 9,667,944 23,050
2007 2,598,549 10,528,329 22,559
2008 2,793,769 11,627,950 24,150
2009 3,368,228 11,209,411 37,894
2010 3,690,592 12,307,346 46,457
2011 4,291,646 12,850,482 51,216

Ground transportation[edit]

Bus[edit]

Shuttle buses serve several destination from Adisucipto Airport; it is served by a bus operator Damri.

Service Destination Fare
Adisucipto Airport Bus
Damri Kebumen (Hotel Patra) IDR 55,000
Damri Magelang (Hotel Wisata) IDR 35,000
Damri Purworejo (Pool Damri) IDR 35,000

Trans Jogja, a bus rapid transit (BRT) of Yogyakarta opened several routes passing through the Adisucipto Airport which connects passengers to destinations around Yogyakarta, along with other Trans Jogja routes.

Service Route Notes
Trans Jogja City Bus
Trans Jogja Line 1A Prambanan Bus Terminal – Adisucipto Airport – Tugu StationMalioboro – Jogja Expo Center (JEC)
Trans Jogja Line 1B Prambanan Bus Terminal – Adisucipto Airport- Jogja Expo Center (JEC) – General Post Office – Pingit – Gadjah Mada University
Trans Jogja Line 3B Giwangan Bus Terminal – Jokteng Kulon – Pingit – MM Gadjah Mada University – Yogyakarta Northern Ring Road – Adisucipto Airport – Kotagede

Car and taxi[edit]

Located in Solo Road km. 9 which connects Adisucipto Airport to Yogyakarta city center and also Solo. There is extensive car parking, including motorcycle parking. Car rental and taxis are available.

Rail[edit]

Adisucipto Airport is connected with Maguwo Station. Maguwo Station is equipped with underground tunnel which connects passengers to the airport. This station is served by Prameks (Prambanan Ekspress) commuter serving Kutoarjo-Yogyakarta-Solo Balapan-Palur corridor, Madiun Jaya Ekspress and Madiun Jaya serving Madiun-Yogyakarta, and Sriwedari (running between Yogya and Solo, substituting missing Prameks schedules).

Accidents and incidents[edit]

  • On 13 January 1985, a Vickers Viscount PK-RVT of Mandala Airlines was damaged beyond economic repair after it made a belly landing.[7]
  • On 13 January 1995, Garuda Indonesia's Boeing 737-300 PK-GWF overran the runway by about 50 meters due to the runway being wet with rain. There were no casualties.
  • On 7 March 2007, Garuda Indonesia Flight 200, a Boeing 737-400 PK-GZC, crash-landed and burst into flames upon landing from Jakarta. 21 passengers and a crew member were killed in this accident. This was the first fatal incident at Adisucipto Airport/AFB.
  • On 20 December 2011, Sriwijaya's Boeing 737-300 PK-CKM overran the runway as it was not on a stabilized landing criteria and came in too fast. Flight SJ 230 had no casualties.[8]

Beside those accidents, there are some other minor incidents mainly because of landing in rain but without any casualties.

References[edit]

External links[edit]