The Adjaran dialect (also called Ach'aruli, Acharuli, Adjaruli, Ajaruli, Adzharuli, Acharian, Adjarian, Ajarian, Adzharian, Acharan, Adjaran, Ajaran, Adzharan, Achar, Adjar, Ajar, and Adzhar / აჭარული) is one of the Georgian dialects. It is primarily spoken within the borders of the Autonomous Republic of Adjara, Georgia, in two villages of the adjacent region of Guria and the ethnic Georgian-inhabited areas of Turkey. Adjaran, like Gurian and Imerkhevian, belongs to the Southwestern group of Georgian dialects and is derived from the Meskhet-Klarjetian and surrounding Gurian dialects.
Subdialects and accents
The Adjaran dialect has several subdialects and is spoken with different accents in different locations. Upper Adjaran and Lower Adjaran are the most common subdialects. In addition, a separate Kobuletian dialect is sometimes distinguished as well. The Upper Adjaran subdialect is found in Khulo and Shuakhevi, and the Lower Adjaran subdialect is found in the Keda, Khelvachauri and Kobuleti regions.
Adjaran is spoken with Khuloan, Shuakhevian, Kobuletian accents. The Kobuletian accent shows less evidence of Turkish influence than the other two. Some distinguish between Ghorjomian and Khikhadzirian variants of the Khuloan accent. The Kirnat-Maradid region also has a unique accent.
There are western and eastern varieties of Adjaran. The Upper Adjaran subdialect is similar to Samtskhe-Javakhet and resembles Iberian. The Lower Adjaran subdialect (particularly the Kobuletian-accented version), is similar to western Georgian speech.
- Acharuli dialect
- qarTuli (aWaruli) zRaprebi, baT., 1973.
- S. niJaraZe, aWaruli dialeqti, baTumi, 1975.
- p. jajaniZe, aWaruli leqsikuri masalebi, qpi Sr., XXIII, 1961.
- t. futkaraZe, msazRvrel-sazRvrulis brunebisaTvis samxreT saqarTvelos dialeqtebSi, aWaruli dialeqtis dargoblivi leqsika, VI, Tb., 1986.