In Canada, adjunct professors are often nominated in recognition of active involvement with the appointing institution, while they are employed by government, industry, a profession or another institution. The Course Lecturer appointment is used if the appointment is strictly to teach one or more courses, contrasting with US usage of the title for all instructors.
In countries such as Argentina and Brazil, a similar designation, Professor adjunto, does imply stable full-time employment.
In parts of Spain, Profesor Adjunto is a non-tenured position.
In Hungary, there exist the similar term Adjunktus.
In Thailand, Adjunct (Assistant/Associate) Professors are considered "non-regular officers".
In Pakistan, Adjunct (Assistant/Associate) Professors are also considered as non-regular faculty members and usually posts are given to Pakistani overseas scientists under Faculty Development Program.