Administrative divisions of Iran

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Islamic Republic of Iran
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Government of Islamic Republic of Iran

The first level of country subdivisions of Iran are the (Persian: استان‌ها‎; ostānhā) provinces.

Each province is further subdivided into counties called shahrestan (error: {{lang-xx}}: text has italic markup (help)), and each shahrestan is subdivided into districts called bakhsh (error: {{lang-xx}}: text has italic markup (help)). There are usually a few cities (error: {{lang-xx}}: text has italic markup (help)) and rural districts (error: {{lang-xx}}: text has italic markup (help)) in each county. Rural districts are a collection of a number of villages. One of the cities of the county is appointed as the capital of the county.

According to the government of Iran,[1] as of March 2016 (Iranian calendar 1394), the figures are as follows:

English Persian sing. Persian pl. number
Provinces استان ostān استان‌ها ostānhā 31
Counties شهرستان shahrestān 429
Districts بخش bakhsh 1057
cities شهر shahr 1245
rural districts دهستان dehestān 2589

According to the Statistical Center of Iran,[2] the figures are as follows, as of March 2016 (end of Iranian calendar 1394): [3]


English Persian sing. Persian pl. number
Provinces استان ostān استان‌ها ostānhā 30
Counties شهرستان shahrestān شهرستانها shahrestānhā 429
Districts بخش bakhsh بخشها bakhshhā 1057
cities شهر shahr شهرها shahr hā 1245
rural districts دهستان dehestān دهستانها dehestānhā 2589

To better understand such subdivisions, the following table may be helpful. Assume that province P is divided into two counties: A and B. County A has 3 districts: Central, X, and Y. The Central district is the district that contains City M, the capital of the county. Each district might contain one or more cities or one or more RDs (rural districts). In our example, the Central district contains City M, City N, and RD T composed of the villages V1, V2, V3, and V4, in turn; district X contains City O and RD U; and district Y has no cities and one RD V. The minimal county consists of only one city as the only district, named Central, which is most common. The county B in the following table is of such type, containing only one city Q.

Province County District City / RD* Villages
P A Central City M (c)
City N
RD T V1, V2, V3, V4
X City O
RD U V5, V6
Y RD V V7, V8, V9
B Central City Q

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