Administrative divisions of Metro Manila
Metro Manila, the capital region of the Philippines, is a large metropolitan area that has several levels of subdivisions. Administratively, the region is divided into seventeen primary local government units with their own separate elected mayors and councils who are coordinated by the Metropolitan Manila Development Authority, a national government agency headed by a chairperson directly appointed by the Philippine president. The cities and municipality that form the region's local government units are further divided into several barangays or villages (formerly called barrios) which are headed by an elected barangay captain and barangay council.
The region as a whole is geographically divided into four districts, of which the first district is the central capital City of Manila, the second and third districts located to the east and north of the City, respectively, and the fourth district covering the remaining areas of the region south of the City and the Pasig River.
Unlike other administrative regions in the Philippines, Metro Manila is not composed of provinces. Instead, the region is divided into four geographic areas called "districts." The districts have their district centers at the four original cities in the region: the city-district of Manila (Capital District), Quezon City (Eastern Manila), Caloocan (Northern Manila, also informally known as CAMANAVA), and Pasay (Southern Manila). The districts serve mainly to organize the region's local government units for fiscal and statistical purposes.
Districts of Metro Manila
(16.56 sq mi)
|Eastern Manila District
(91.26 sq mi)
|Northern Manila District (CAMANAVA)
(48.81 sq mi)
|Southern Manila District
(80.42 sq mi)
|Metro Manila||12,876,253||619.57 km2
(239.22 sq mi)
Independent cities and municipality
The seventeen local government units of Metro Manila are administratively equal to provinces. They are composed of sixteen independent cities, classified as highly urbanized cities, and one independent municipality: Pateros.
|City/Municipality||Population as of 2015||Area|
The cities and municipality of Metro Manila are divided into barangays with populations ranging from under 1,000 to over 200,000. In the City of Manila, Caloocan and Pasay, the barangays are grouped into zones for strategical purposes. As of 2010, there are 1,704 barangays in Metro Manila.
In terms of congressional representation, the region has 32 legislative districts with each city comprising one or more legislative districts. The lone municipality of Pateros shares a legislative district with the first district of Taguig.
Metro Manila cities may also be divided into traditional districts, such as the former municipalities (now city districts) that make up the City of Manila and the historical municipalities and estates like Novaliches, Balintawak, San Francisco del Monte and Diliman that were amalgamated to form Quezon City. Neither division has its own government. In Pasay, traditional districts include Malibay, Santa Clara, San Rafael and Maricaban.
Some cities in Metro Manila may also be divided into several gated communities, also known as subdivisions, which may or may not constitute their own barangays or low-level local government units. Some examples are: La Vista, White Plains, BF Homes, Greenmeadows and Filinvest Homes in Quezon City; and Marina Bay, Merville, Tahanan Village and Better Living Subdivision in Parañaque.
Before 1901, the Province of Manila which today encompasses most of Metro Manila and the northern part of the neighboring province of Rizal was divided into 24 municipalities with Intramuros (then known as Manila) as its capital.
Except for the City of Manila which amalgamated six smaller municipalities in June 1901, the Province of Manila was absorbed by the newly created Province of Rizal with Pasig as its provincial capital.
The City of Greater Manila was formed in January 1942 combining the City of Manila and Quezon City, as well as six other municipalities from Rizal: Caloocan, Makati, Mandaluyong, Parañaque, Pasay and San Juan.
The seven municipalities of the City of Greater Manila were restored and reorganized under the Province of Rizal.
In November 1975 through Presidential Decree No. 824, Metropolitan Manila was created out of four cities and thirteen municipalities (twelve from the province of Rizal and the municipality of Valenzuela from Bulacan) which covers the present-day territory of Metro Manila. It was declared the National Capital Region of the Philippines in June 1978.
- "Municipal and City Level Estimates" (PDF). National Statistical Coordination Board. Archived from the original (PDF) on 13 November 2013. Retrieved 14 July 2014.
- "Environmental Management Bureau – National Capital Region". Environmental Management Bureau. Archived from the original on 25 July 2014. Retrieved 17 July 2014.
- Census of Population (2015). Highlights of the Philippine Population 2015 Census of Population. PSA. Retrieved 20 June 2016.
- "An Update on the Earthquake Hazards and Risk Assessment of Greater Metropolitan Manila Area" (PDF). Philippine Institute of Volcanology and Seismology. November 14, 2013. Retrieved May 16, 2016.
- "Enhancing Risk Analysis Capacities for Flood, Tropical Cyclone Severe Wind and Earthquake for the Greater Metro Manila Area Component 5 – Earthquake Risk Analysis" (PDF). Philippine Institute of Volcanology and Seismology and Geoscience Australia. Retrieved May 16, 2016.
- Pateros; Land Use Classification
- "Executive Order No. 400, s. 1942". Official Gazette of the Republic of the Philippines. Retrieved 17 July 2014.
- "Presidential Decree No. 824, s. 1975". Official Gazette of the Republic of the Philippines. Archived from the original on 9 August 2014. Retrieved 17 July 2014.
- "Presidential Decree No. 1396, s. 1978". Official Gazette of the Republic of the Philippines. Retrieved 22 September 2015.