Administrative regions of Greece

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Not to be confused with the traditional geographic regions of Greece.
Administrative regions of Greece
Διοικητικές περιφέρειες της Ελλάδας  (Greek)
Un-greece.png
Category Unitary state
Location Hellenic Republic
Number 13 Regions
1 Autonomous Region
Populations (All Regions): 10,815,197
Areas (All Regions): 131,957 km2 (50,949 sq mi)
Government Central government
Regional governments
Theocratic government (Athos)
Subdivisions municipality, community
Coat of arms of Greece.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Greece

The administrative regions of Greece (Greek: περιφέρειες, peripheries) are the country's thirteen first-level administrative entities, each comprising several second-level units, originally prefectures and, since 2011, regional units.

History[edit]

The current regions were established in July 1986 (the Presidential Decree officially establishing them was signed in 1987), by decision of then-Interior Minister Menios Koutsogiorgas as a second-level administrative entities, complementing the prefectures (Law 1622/1986).[1] Before 1986, there was a traditional division into broad historical–geographical regions (γεωγραφικά διαμερίσματα), which, however, was often arbitrary; not all of the pre-1986 traditional historical-geographic regions had official administrative bodies. Although the post-1986 regions were mostly based on the earlier divisions, they are usually smaller and, in a few cases, do not overlap with the traditional definitions: for instance, the region of Western Greece, which had no previous analogue, comprises territory belonging to the Peloponnese peninsula and the traditional region of Central Greece.

As part of a decentralization process inspired by then-Interior Minister Alekos Papadopoulos ("Project Kapodistrias"), they were accorded more powers in the 1997 Kapodistrias reform of local and regional government. They were transformed into fully separate entities by the 2010 Kallikratis Plan (Law 3852/2010), which entered into effect on 1 January 2011. In the 2011 changes, the government-appointed general secretary (γενικός γραμματέας) was replaced with a popularly elected regional governor (περιφερειάρχης) and a regional council (περιφερειακό συμβούλιο) with 5-year terms. Many powers of the prefectures, which were also abolished or reformed into regional units, were transferred to the region level. The regional organs of the central government were in turn replaced by seven decentralized administrations, which group from one to three regions under a government-appointed general secretary.

List of administrative regions[edit]

Map showing modern regions of Greece

  1. Attica / Αττική
  2. Central Greece / Στερεά Ελλάδα
  3. Central Macedonia / Κεντρική Μακεδονία
  4. Crete / Κρήτη
  5. Eastern Macedonia and Thrace / Ανατολική Μακεδονία και Θράκη
  6. Epirus / Ήπειρος
  7. Ionian Islands / Ιόνια νησιά
  8. North Aegean / Βόρειο Αιγαίο
  9. Peloponnese / Πελοπόννησος
  10. South Aegean / Νότιο Αιγαίο
  11. Thessaly / Θεσσαλία
  12. Western Greece / Δυτική Ελλάδα
  13. Western Macedonia / Δυτική Μακεδονία
Map showing modern regions of Greece

Bordering the region of Central Macedonia there is one autonomous region, Mount Athos (Agion Oros, or "Holy Mountain"), a monastic community under Greek sovereignty. It is located on the easternmost of the three large peninsulas jutting into the Aegean from the Chalcidice Peninsula.

Administrative Region Seat Area
(km2)
Population
(residents)
Population Density
(residents/km2)
Gross domestic product
(million €)
Per capita gross domestic product
()
1 Attica Athens 3,808 3,812,330 1001.11 110,546 28,997
2 Central Greece Lamia 15,549 546,870 35.17 10,537 19,007
3 Central Macedonia Thessaloniki 18,811 1,874,590 99.66 32,285 16,559
4 Crete Heraklion 8,336 621,340 74.54 11,243 18,421
5 Eastern Macedonia and Thrace Komotini 14,157 606,170 42.82 9,265 15,272
6 Epirus Ioannina 9,203 336,650 36.58 5,079 14,221
7 Ionian Islands Corfu 2,307 206,470 89.50 4,130 17,726
8 North Aegean Mytilene 3,836 197,810 51.57 3,330 16,638
9 Peloponnese Tripoli 15,490 581,980 37.57 9,809 16,580
10 South Aegean Ermoupoli 5,286 308,610 58.38 7,646 24,828
11 Thessaly Larissa 14,037 730,730 52.06 11,608 15,772
12 Western Greece Patras 11,350 680,190 59.93 10,659 14,332
13 Western Macedonia Kozani 9,451 282,120 29.85 5,506 18,786

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ν.1622/86 «Τοπική Αυτοδιοίκηση - Περιφερειακή Ανάπτυξη - Δημοκρατικός Προγραμματισμός», (ΦΕΚ 92/τ.Α΄/14-7-1986)