Admiral Ahsan Mission
Ahsan's Formula (or an Admiral Ahsan Mission) was a fact-finding expedition and peace initiative mission dispatched by the Pakistani government to East Pakistan in early 1971.:103-102 The mission was led by Vice-Admiral Syed Mohammad Ahsan, then-Governor of East Pakistan and commander of the East-Pakistani military, with the support from his chief of staff Lieutenant-General Yaqub Ali Khan to investigate the prelude causes of the civil war progress and to workout a peace initiative to end the political crises in the East Pakistan to avoid international humiliation of Pakistan.:109–110
The mission came in the wake of increasingly strained and difficult foreign relations between Pakistan and East Pakistan since the civil unrest had gripped East Pakistan as Awami League's demonstrations and demands for the provincial autonomy against Pakistan's central administration after the general elections held in 1970.:156 Following the violent raids in Dhaka University by the East-Pakistani police supported by the military stationed in East, and ultimatum issued by India to intervene in the conflict, the Pakistan had authorized Admiral Ahsan to carry out the investigations into a possible Indian intervention through a cable communication to work out a possible peace solution to end violence in East.:102
- Center would control the defence, military, foreign, national security, and the currency.:102
- Province(s) would have the authority to raise revenue and would fund the subject of the federation.:102
- Repatriation of Western Pakistanis citizens and bureaucrats to Pakistan with Eastern Pakistanis stationed back to East.
- Equal divisions of national assets between Pakistan and East Pakistan based on population census.
The Mission also called for Pakistan becoming a co-federation with Yahya Khan as President with Mujib being the Prime Minister of East while Bhutto being Prime Minister of Pakistan.:102 Civil servants from Pakistan stationed in East would repatriated to Pakistan and the national assets would equally be divided between East and West Pakistan.:102 The proposal was met with strong support from the international community and India fell in line though reluctant.:102
The mission was met with support from the President Yahya Khan, opposition leaders Zulfikar Ali Bhutto and Sheikh Mujibur Rahman and the international community while India fell in line despite criticising Pakistan.:102 However, the Mission was not supported by the military elements in the Yahya administration who debated acrimoniously over the scope of the mission's recommendations among the advisors in Yahya administration.:206–207 Eventually, the mission studies and recommendations at the National Security Council cabinet meeting were vetoed and no further study missions were directed to the East Pakistan.:122–137
By the fall of 1971, the mission's recommendations were bypassed with Admiral Ahsan submitting his resignation and posted back to Pakistan, followed by the resignation of Lieutenant-General Yaqub Ali Khan.
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