Admiral Gorshkov-class frigate

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Admiral Gorshkov frigate 03.jpg
Russian frigate Admiral Gorshkov underway.
Class overview
Name: Admiral Gorshkov class
Builders: Severnaya Verf, St. Petersburg
Operators:  Russian Navy
Preceded by: Neustrashimy-class frigate
Planned: 15[1]
Building: 2
Completed: 2[2]
Active: 1
General characteristics [3]
Type: Frigate
Displacement:
  • Standard: 4,500 tons
  • Full: 5,400 tons[4]
Length: up to 135 m (443 ft)
Beam: 16 m (52 ft)[5]
Draught: 4.5 m (15 ft)
Propulsion:
Speed: 29.5 knots (54.6 km/h; 33.9 mph)
Range: 4,850 nmi (8,980 km; 5,580 mi) at 14 kn (26 km/h; 16 mph)
Endurance: 30 days
Complement: 210
Sensors and
processing systems:
  • Air search radar(S): Furke-4 5P-27 main radar for Detection, tracking and targeting of air and surface targets,[7] Poliment 5P-20K 4 faced active phased array search, tracking and guidance/management radar [8][9]
  • Surface search radar: Monolit 34K1 surface search, AShM and additional artillery targeting radar
  • Main Artillery radar fire control system : Puma 5P-10
  • Sonar: Zarya M sonar, Vinyetka towed array sonar
  • Navigation: 3 × Pal-N radars
  • Other: 2 × target illuminators aft superstructure for Palash CIWS
  • Communications: Vigstar Centaurus-NM
  • Electro-Optical Systems: 2 × MTK-201M and 2 × 5P-520
  • Combat system: Sigma/Sigma 22350
Electronic warfare
& decoys:
  • EW Suite: Prosvet-M
  • Countermeasures:
  • 2 × PU KT-308
  • 8 × PU KT-216
Armament:
  • 1 × 130mm Amethyst/Arsenal A-192M naval gun with rate of fire of 45 rds per minute [10]
  • 16 (2 × 8) UKSK VLS cells fitted with P-800 Oniks (SS-N-26) and/or Kalibr missile system (SS-N-27)
  • 32 (4 × 8) Redut VLS cells housing 9M96, 9M96M, 9M96D/9M96DM(M2) family of missiles and/or quad-packed 9M100 short range missiles
  • 2 × Palash CIWS
  • 2 × 4 330mm torpedo tubes for Paket-NK anti-torpedo/anti-submarine torpedoes
  • 2 × 14.5mm MTPU pedestal machine guns
Aircraft carried: 1 × Ka-27 series helicopter
Aviation facilities: Helipad and hangar for one helicopter

The Admiral Gorshkov-class frigates, also known as Project 22350, are a class of frigate of the Russian Navy. They were designed by the Severnoye Design Bureau, Saint Petersburg, the lead ship being named after Sergey Gorshkov.[11]

Design[edit]

Project 22350 is the successor of the Krivak class. Unlike their Soviet-era predecessors the new ships are designed to perform multiple roles. The ships are to be able to execute long-range strikes, conduct anti-submarine warfare and to carry out escort missions.

Production[edit]

The design of the ship, developed by Severnoye PKB (Northern Design Bureau) FSUE in St. Petersburg, was approved by Naval Command in July 2003.[12] The plan is to fully replace the older Project 956 Sovremenny class destroyers and Project 1135 Burevestnik class frigates in four Russian fleets.[13]

The lead ship, Admiral Gorshkov or its full name – Admiral of the Fleet of the Soviet Union Gorshkov, was laid down on 1 February 2006 in Severnaya Verf shipyard in St. Petersburg.[14] In late October 2008 the Russian deputy prime minister, Sergei Ivanov, said the timely construction of combat ships is a priority task of the Russian shipbuilding industry, and announced that the first ship in the class would be ready by 2011.[14] The completion date of the lead ship was initially slated for 2009, but this was later pushed back, as was the commissioning date.[15]

On 24 June 2009, during the "МВМС-IMDS 2009" International Naval Expo, the Commander in Chief of the Russian Navy, Admiral Vladimir Vysotsky, announced that the production of a second Admiral Gorshkov class frigate would begin at Severnaya Verf by the end of the year.[16] In November 2009 the Severnaya Verf shipyard announced that it would start the construction of the second ship of the class Admiral Kasatonov on 26 November.[17] The ship was laid down in a ceremony attended by representatives of the Russian Navy, the St. Petersburg administration, and Admiral Igor Kasatonov - the son of the ship's namesake, Vladimir Kasatonov.[18] In December 2014, one engine from Admiral Kasatonov was transferred to Admiral Gorshkov.[19]

The first frigate was floated out of the launch dock on 29 October 2010. The ship was only 40 percent complete and then began to be fitted out.[20] At present, main mechanical equipment and systems providing safe launching has been installed, including a combined diesel and gas (CODAG) turbine powerplant, gear assemblies, drive shafts and screws, and electric power supply facilities. Further works would be performed at the shipyard's fitting quay.[21]

The Russian Navy has set a requirement for 20–30 such ships.[22] Between eight and fifteen eight and fifteen ships are to be constructed for the Russian Navy. The Severnaya Verf shipyard has thus far announced having received orders for six units.[23]

In August 2012, the shipyard received loans worth RUB 16.23 billion (US$510 million) from the state-owned Sberbank to facilitate the frigate construction project.[24]

The first two ships of the class have gas turbines from Zorya-Mashproekt in Ukraine. Following the 2014 Crimean crisis, the Ukrainian industry refused to supply Russia with military technology and so NPO Saturn has been commissioned to design new engines. Initial forecasts expected these new engines to be available in 2017-18, allowing ships to be commissioned from 2020;[25] however, after the intervention by the Russian government, the plan was brought forward.[26]

According to the president of the United Shipbuilding Corporation (USC) the Admiral Gorshkov class will also be the first Russian ship that will receive Russian made gas turbine engines manufactured by NPO Saturn.[27]

The first frigate in the class, the Admiral Gorshkov was commissioned on 28 July 2018.[28]

Ships[edit]

Name Namesake Builders Laid down Launched Commissioned Fleet Status
Admiral Gorshkov Sergey Georgiyevich Gorshkov Severnaya Verf, St. Petersburg 1 February 2006[22] 29 October 2010[20][21] 28 July 2018[29] Northern [30] Active
Admiral Kasatonov Vladimir Afanasyevich Kasatonov Severnaya Verf, St. Petersburg 26 November 2009 12 December 2014[31][32] 2019[33] Northern In sea trials[34]
Admiral Golovko Arseniy Grigoriyevich Golovko Severnaya Verf, St. Petersburg 1 February 2012[35][36] 2017[37] Northern [38] Under construction
Admiral Isakov[39] Ivan Stepanovich Isakov Severnaya Verf, St. Petersburg 14 November 2013[40] Northern Under construction
Severnaya Verf, St. Petersburg Ordered[41]
Severnaya Verf, St. Petersburg Ordered[41]

Variants[edit]

  • Project 22350M - Modernized version for Russian Navy, with different mast, radars, electronic radio equipment, sensors and displacement of 8,000 tons.[1]
  • Project 22356 - On 3 November 2010, during the international exhibition Euronaval-2010, United Shipbuilding Corporation presented an export version of the frigate.[42][43]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Russian Navy: New Project 22350-Based Frigates to Displace 8,000 Tons". Mil.Today.
  2. ^ Khan. "Les frégates, future épine dorsale de la flotte de surface russe ? - Le portail des forces navales de la Fédération de Russie".
  3. ^ 01.02.2012 (2012-02-01). "Frigate Admiral Golovko Keel-Laid at Severnaya Verf". Rusnavy.com. Retrieved 2012-02-05.
  4. ^ "Фрегаты проекта 22350М начнут строить не раньше 2019-2020 годов". ФлотПром.
  5. ^ https://pp.userapi.com/c639327/v639327627/80cc3/uG3sW5IjMSg.jpg
  6. ^ "Propulsion for Admiral Gorshkov Frigate". Navyrecognition.com. Retrieved 5 February 2016.
  7. ^ "РЛС 5П-27, РЛС 5П-27М". Retrieved 14 December 2014.
  8. ^ http://i.imgur.com/tPTH2BW.jpg
  9. ^ http://s013.radikal.ru/i323/1101/7f/356cf19ed348.jpg
  10. ^ Super User. "Артиллерийский комплекс "А-192–5П–10Э" - Концерн Моринформсистема-Агат". Retrieved 14 December 2014.
  11. ^ "Admiral Gorshkov Frigate of Project 22350". Flot.ru. Retrieved 5 February 2016.
  12. ^ John Pike. "Project 22350 Admiral Sergei Gorshkov". Globalsecurity.org. Retrieved 2011-06-15.
  13. ^ 29.10.2010 (2010-10-29). "Фрегат "Адмирал Горшков" в составе ВМФ сохранит присутствие России в мировом океане". Flot.com. Archived from the original on 23 July 2011. Retrieved 2011-06-15.
  14. ^ a b "Russia to float out new missile frigate in 2011 | Russia | RIA Novosti". En.rian.ru. 2008-10-30. Archived from the original on 5 June 2011. Retrieved 2011-06-15.
  15. ^ "Severnaya Verf to Launch Corvette Stoiky in May". Retrieved 14 December 2014.
  16. ^ "Construction of 2nd Adm. Gorshkov class frigate to start in 2009 | Defense | RIA Novosti". En.rian.ru. 2009-06-24. Archived from the original on 5 June 2011. Retrieved 2011-06-15.
  17. ^ "Russia starts construction of 2nd Adm. Gorshkov class frigate | Russia | RIA Novosti". En.rian.ru. 2009-11-24. Archived from the original on 6 June 2011. Retrieved 2011-06-15.
  18. ^ 25.11.2009 (2009-11-25). "First Russian serial frigate will be built at Severnaya Verf". Rusnavy.com. Retrieved 2011-06-15.
  19. ^ "Поврежденный двигатель на "Адмирале Горшкове" заменили аналогичным с "Адмирала Касатонова"". flotprom.ru. 2015-01-11. Retrieved 2015-04-11.
  20. ^ a b "Russia floats out first of new class of frigate | Defense | RIA Novosti". En.rian.ru. 2010-10-29. Retrieved 2011-06-15.
  21. ^ a b 29.10.2010 (2010-10-29). "Frigate Admiral Flota Sovetskogo Soyuza Gorshkov has been launched". Rusnavy.com. Retrieved 2011-06-15.
  22. ^ a b 26.02.2010 (2010-02-26). "Russian Navy to get Project 22350 frigate Admiral Gorshkov in 2011". Rusnavy.com. Retrieved 2011-06-15.
  23. ^ 18.03.2011 (2011-03-18). "Severnaya Verf will build 17 warships for Russian Navy". Rusnavy.com. Retrieved 2011-06-15.
  24. ^ "Russia: Serbank Approves Two USD 509.8 Million Loans for Severnaya Verf Shipyard". Naval Today.
  25. ^ LaGrone, Sam (10 June 2015). "Delays Without Ukrainian Engines, Officials Pledge to Sue". USNI News.
  26. ^ Союстов, Андрей. "Движки-2: летающий "пылесос", чемоданы денег и Сердюков".
  27. ^ "Новейшие фрегаты 22350 первыми получат российские двигатели вместо украинских". 29 December 2016.
  28. ^ https://navaltoday.com/2018/07/31/russia-commissions-lead-project-22350-frigate-admiral-gorshkov/
  29. ^ "Головной фрегат "Адмирал Горшков" включили в боевой состав ВМФ России". TASS. 28 July 2018. Retrieved 28 July 2018.
  30. ^ "Frigate Admiral Gorshkov Starts Trials in November". rusnavy.com. 8 October 2012. Retrieved 9 November 2017.
  31. ^ ""Адмирал флота Касатонов" будет спущен на воду 12 декабря - Еженедельник "Военно-промышленный курьер"". vpk-news.ru. 28 November 2014. Retrieved 9 November 2017.
  32. ^ "New advanced frigate set afloat in Russia". TASS. 12 December 2014. Retrieved 9 November 2017.
  33. ^ http://tass.com/defense/1011973
  34. ^ "Russian cutting-edge frigate starts sea trials". TASS. 21 December 2018. Retrieved 21 December 2018.
  35. ^ "Сразу два боевых корабля заложат на "Северной верфи" в Петербурге | Оборона и безопасность | Лента новостей "РИА Новости"". RIA Novosti. 30 January 2012. Retrieved 9 November 2017.
  36. ^ "Severnaya Verf Laid Down Project 20385 Lead Corvette Gremyaschiy". rusnavy.com. 1 December 2012. Retrieved 9 November 2017.
  37. ^ "Russian Navy third Project 22350 frigate Admiral Golovko launch pushed back to 3rd quarter of 2017". navyrecognition.com. 6 September 2016. Retrieved 9 November 2017.
  38. ^ 03.02.2012. "Russian Navy Needs About 20 Admiral Gorshkov-Class Frigates". Rusnavy.com. Retrieved 2012-02-16.
  39. ^ "Фрегат 'Адмирал Исаков' для ВМФ России заложат в ноябре". flotprom.ru. 30 July 2013. Retrieved 9 November 2017.
  40. ^ "Russia Starts Construction of 2 New Warships". Sputnik (news agency). 14 November 2013. Retrieved 9 November 2017.
  41. ^ a b "Фомичев: Северная верфь будет строить атомные боевые надводные корабли". ria.ru. 21 February 2012. Retrieved 24 June 2018.
  42. ^ 03.11.2010 (2010-10-29). "Russia offers newest developments in shipbuilding". Rusnavy.com. Retrieved 2011-06-15.
  43. ^ 02.11.2010. "Export variant of newest Russian frigate was presented at Euronaval-2010". Rusnavy.com. Retrieved 2011-06-15.

Notes[edit]

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