Admiral Gorshkov-class frigate

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Admiral Gorshkov frigate 03.jpg
Russian frigate Admiral Gorshkov underway
Class overview
Name: Admiral Gorshkov class
Builders: Severnaya Verf, Saint Petersburg
Operators:  Russian Navy
Preceded by:
Planned: 15[1]
Building: 4
Completed: 2[2]
Active: 1
General characteristics [3]
Type: Frigate
Displacement:
  • Standard: 4,500 tons
  • Full: 5,400 tons[4]
Length: up to 120 m (394 ft)
Beam: 14 m (46 ft)[5]
Draught: 4.5 m (15 ft)
Propulsion:
Speed: 29.5 knots (54.6 km/h; 33.9 mph)
Range: 4,850 nmi (8,980 km; 5,580 mi) at 14 kn (26 km/h; 16 mph)
Endurance: 30 days
Complement: 210
Sensors and
processing systems:
  • Air search radar(S): Furke-4 5P-27 main radar for Detection, tracking and targeting of air and surface targets,[7] Poliment 5P-20K 4 faced active phased array search, tracking and guidance/management radar [8][9]
  • Surface search radar: Monolit 34K1 surface search, AShM and additional artillery targeting radar
  • Main Artillery radar fire control system: Puma 5P-10
  • Sonar: Zarya M sonar, Vinyetka towed array sonar
  • Navigation: 3 × Pal-N radars
  • Other: 2 × target illuminators aft superstructure for Palash CIWS
  • Communications: Vigstar Centaurus-NM
  • Electro-Optical Systems: 2 × MTK-201M and 2 × 5P-520
  • Combat system: Sigma/Sigma 22350
Electronic warfare
& decoys:
  • EW Suite: Prosvet-M
  • Countermeasures:
  • 2 × PU KT-308
  • 8 × PU KT-216
  • 2 × 5P-42 Filin
Armament:
  • 1 × 130 mm Amethyst/Arsenal A-192M naval gun[10]
  • 16 (2 × 8) UKSK VLS cells for Kalibr, Oniks or Zircon anti-ship/cruise missiles
  • 24 (3 × 8) UKSK VLS cells for Kalibr, Oniks or Zircon missiles (Admiral Amelko and Admiral Chichagov)
  • 32 (2 × 16) Redut VLS cells for 9M96, 9M96M, 9M96D/9M96DM(M2) and/or quad-packed 9M100 surface-to-air missiles
  • 2 × Kashtan CIWS
  • 2 × 4 330 mm torpedo tubes for Paket-NK anti-torpedo/anti-submarine torpedoes
  • 2 × 14.5 mm MTPU pedestal machine guns
Aircraft carried: 1 × Ka-27 series helicopter
Aviation facilities: Helipad and hangar for one helicopter

The Admiral Gorshkov-class frigates, also known as Project 22350, is the newest class of frigates being built for the Russian Navy. The class incorporates the stealth technology and was designed by the Severnoye Design Bureau in Saint Petersburg.[11] The lead ship of the class was named after Admiral of the fleet of the Soviet Union Sergey Gorshkov.[12]

History[edit]

The design of the ship, developed by Severnoye PKB (Northern Design Bureau) FSUE in St. Petersburg, was approved by Naval Command in July 2003.[13] The plan is to fully replace the older Sovremenny class and Krivak class in four Russian fleets.[14]

The lead ship, Admiral Gorshkov or its full name – Admiral of the Fleet of the Soviet Union Gorshkov, was laid down on 1 February 2006 in Severnaya Verf shipyard in St. Petersburg.[15] In late October 2008 the Russian deputy prime minister, Sergei Ivanov, said the timely construction of combat ships is a priority task of the Russian shipbuilding industry, and announced that the first ship in the class would be ready by 2011.[15] The completion date of the lead ship was initially slated for 2009, but this was later pushed back, as was the commissioning date.[16]

On 24 June 2009, during the "МВМС-IMDS 2009" International Naval Expo, the Commander in Chief of the Russian Navy, Admiral Vladimir Vysotsky, announced that the production of a second Admiral Gorshkov class frigate would begin at Severnaya Verf by the end of the year.[17] In November 2009 the Severnaya Verf shipyard announced that it would start the construction of the second ship of the class Admiral Kasatonov on 26 November.[18] The ship was laid down in a ceremony attended by representatives of the Russian Navy, the St. Petersburg administration, and Admiral Igor Kasatonov - the son of the ship's namesake, Vladimir Kasatonov.[19] In December 2014, one engine from Admiral Kasatonov was transferred to Admiral Gorshkov.[20]

The first frigate was floated out of the launch dock on 29 October 2010. The ship was only 40 percent complete and then began to be fitted out.[21] At present, main mechanical equipment and systems providing safe launching has been installed, including a combined diesel and gas (CODAG) turbine powerplant, gear assemblies, drive shafts and screws, and electric power supply facilities. Further work would be performed at the shipyard's fitting quay.[22]

The Russian Navy has set a requirement for 20–30 such ships.[23] The Severnaya Verf shipyard has thus far announced having received orders for six units.[24][25] According to Vice Admiral Viktor Bursuk, Russian Navy’s deputy commander for armament, Russian Navy needs no less than 15 such frigates in basic and upgraded versions.[1]

In August 2012, the shipyard received loans worth RUB 16.23 billion (US$510 million) from the state-owned Sberbank to facilitate the frigate construction project.[26]

The first two ships of the class have gas turbines from Zorya-Mashproekt in Ukraine. Following the 2014 Crimean crisis, the Ukrainian industry refused to supply Russia with military technology and so NPO Saturn has been commissioned to design new engines. Initial forecasts expected these new engines to be available in 2017-18, allowing ships to be commissioned from 2020;[27] however, after the intervention by the Russian government, the plan was brought forward.[28]

According to the president of the United Shipbuilding Corporation (USC) the Admiral Gorshkov class will also be the first Russian ship that will receive Russian made gas turbine engines manufactured by NPO Saturn.[29] The class also receives 5P42 Filin visual-optical interference stations (2 on each ship).[30]

The first frigate in the class, Admiral Gorshkov, was commissioned on 28 July 2018.[31]

The state testing of the Russian shipborne Poliment-Redut 150-km range air defence missile system with a phased array radar for the frigates of the Project 22350 series has been completed, Commander-in-Chief of the Russian Navy Adm. Vladimir Korolev has announced in February 2019.[32][33]

In February 2019, it was reported Admiral Gorshkov and Admiral Kasatonov were equipped with a naval version of the new 5P-42 Filin electro-optic countermeasure system. The Filin fires a beam similar to a strobe light that affects enemy's combatants eyesight, making it more difficult for them to aim at night. During testing, volunteers reportedly used rifles and guns to shoot targets that were protected by the system and reported having trouble aiming because they could not see. Additionally, about half of the volunteers said they felt dizzy, nauseous and disoriented. About 20 percent of the volunteers reported experiencing hallucinations.[34][35][36][37]

In March 2019, the Severnoye Design Bureau reportedly completed the outline design of the upgraded Project 22350M frigate and began working on the technical documentation for the ship. The Project 22350M frigates are believed to incorporate increased number of VLS cells for combination of 48 Kalibr, Oniks and Zircon cruise missiles while displacing about 7,000 tons.[38]

On 9 April 2019, Russian Defence Minister Sergey Shoygu announced two more Project 22350 frigates will be laid down on 23 April 2019.[39]

On 23 April 2019, two modified Project 22350 frigates, Admiral Amelko and Admiral Chichagov, were laid down at Severnaya Verf in Saint Petersburg during a ceremony attended by the Russian President Vladimir Putin.[40] The two new frigates will be fitted with 24 VLS cells for Kalibr, Oniks or Zircon cruise missiles, as opposed to 16 VLS cells installed on the first four frigates of the class. Their delivery to the Russian Navy is scheduled for 2024 and 2025, respectively.[41]

Design[edit]

The Admiral Gorshkov class is the successor to the Neustrashimyy and Krivak-class frigates. Unlike their Soviet-era predecessors, the new ships are designed for multiple roles. They are to be capable to execute long-range strikes, conduct anti-submarine warfare and to carry out escort missions.

Ships[edit]

Name Namesake Builders Laid down Launched Commissioned Fleet Status
Admiral Gorshkov Sergey Georgiyevich Gorshkov Severnaya Verf, Saint Petersburg 1 February 2006[23] 29 October 2010[21][22] 28 July 2018[42] Northern [43] Active
Admiral Kasatonov Vladimir Afanasyevich Kasatonov Severnaya Verf, Saint Petersburg 26 November 2009 12 December 2014[44][45] 2019[46] Northern In sea trials[47]
Admiral Golovko Arseniy Grigoriyevich Golovko Severnaya Verf, Saint Petersburg 1 February 2012[48][49] 2021[50] Northern [51] Under construction
Admiral Isakov Ivan Stepanovich Isakov Severnaya Verf, Saint Petersburg 14 November 2013[52][53] 2022[50] Northern Under construction
Admiral Amelko Nikolai Nikolayevich Amelko Severnaya Verf, Saint Petersburg 23 April 2019[40] 2024[41] Under construction
Admiral Chichagov Vasily Yakovlevich Chichagov Severnaya Verf, Saint Petersburg 23 April 2019[40] 2025[41] Under construction

Variants[edit]

  • Project 22356 - export version of Project 22350, unveiled during the international exhibition Euronaval-2010[54][55]
  • Project 22350M - upgraded version being developed for the Russian Navy, with increased displacement to 7,000 tons and 48 VLS cells for Kalibr, Oniks and Zircon cruise missiles[38]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

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Notes[edit]

External links[edit]