Admiralty House, London
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The Music Room of Admiralty House
|Town or city||London, SW1|
|Client||First Lord of the Admiralty|
|Owner||Her Majesty's Government|
|Design and construction|
|Architect||Samuel Pepys Cockerell|
|Awards and prizes||Grade I listed building|
Admiralty House in London is a Grade I listed building facing Whitehall, currently used for UK government functions and as ministerial flats. It was opened in 1788 and until 1964 was the official residence of the First Lords of the Admiralty.
Admiralty House is a four-storey building of yellow brick. The front facade has a symmetrical facade of three broad bays and one additional small bay at the southern end. The rear facade is of five bays and faces Horse Guards Parade, with a basement-level exit under the corner of the Old Admiralty Building.
The front of the house faces Whitehall; its main entrance is in the corner of the Ripley Courtyard, cutting through the corner of the older Ripley Building, to which it is connected on the first and second floors.
Admiralty House was designed by Samuel Pepys Cockerell, a protégé of Sir Robert Taylor, and opened in 1788. Built at the request of Admiral of the Fleet Viscount Howe, First Lord of the Admiralty, in 1782–83 for "a few small rooms of my own", it was the official residence of First Lords of the Admiralty until 1964, and has also been home to several British Prime Ministers when 10 Downing Street was being renovated. U.S. President John F. Kennedy attended a meeting there with Prime Minister Harold Macmillan in 1962 to discuss the allies' reaction to the communist threat and more wide-ranging matters.
Admiralty House is part of a complex of former Admiralty buildings and is sometimes confused with the more visible Ripley Building (also known as the Old Admiralty Office), built in 1726, or the Admiralty Extension, built between 1898 and 1904, and also with Admiralty Arch (1910).
In recent times, Lord Malloch-Brown used one of the flats in Admiralty House while he was Minister of State for Africa, Asia and the United Nations. There was speculation as to whether the Deputy Prime Minister, Nick Clegg, would take up residence at an Admiralty House flat as John Prescott did when he was Deputy P.M.
- "Admiralty House". Survey of London. University of London. Retrieved 2010-05-08.
The present building was erected in 1786–8 from the designs of Samuel Pepys Cockerell, Surveyor to the Board of Admiralty, and a pupil of Sir Robert Taylor.
- Historic England. "Grade I (207594)". Images of England. Retrieved 5 June 2009.
- MacDougall, Philip (2013-06-03). London and the Georgian Navy (NOOK Book). Stroud, Gloucestershire, UK: The History Press. PT24–PT26. ISBN 9780752493022. Retrieved 2 February 2017.
However, it was the lack of privacy resulting from the First Lord having to share his living quarters with the junior lords of the admiralty and the clerks who often worked late into the night that led one holder of the office, Richard Viscount Howe, to request of the Prime Minister in 1783 'a few small rooms of my own where [I] might dwell in greater privacy'.
- Parliament — Ministerial Residences (21 July 2016,PDF) from the UK Parliament website
- Parliament — Ministerial Residences (21 July 2016,PDF), ibid.
- The Mirror — Nick Clegg to pick plush pad and office for role as Deputy Prime Minister.