|Regions with significant populations|
|Adnyamathanha, English (Australian Aboriginal English, Australian English)|
|Christianity (Baptist), traditional beliefs|
|Related ethnic groups|
On the northern edges of the Adnyamathanha tribal lands were the Diyari tribe.
The Adnyamathanha are made up of the Kuyani, Wailpi, Yadliaura, Pilatapa and Pangkala, which are the traditional groups of the Northern Flinders Ranges and (with the Kokatha) the areas around Lake Torrens. The name Adnyamathanha means "rock people" and is a term referring to the Lakes Culture societies living in that area. They share a common identity, which they get from their ancestors; this common bond is their language and culture which is known as Yura Muda. The origins of the Adnyamathanha are told through creation stories, passed down from generation to generation.
History of contact
In 1851 the first Europeans settled some of the Adnyamathanha land. This led to many conflicts because the aboriginal people were pushed off their land. In response to the settling, Aborigines stole sheep, which in turn led to retaliatory killings. Aboriginal stockmen and housekeepers soon became a way of life for the early settlers.
On 30 March 2009, the Adnyamathanha people received a consent determination, in the Federal Court of Australia, for recognition of their native title rights over about 41,000 square kilometres (16,000 sq mi) running east from the edge of Lake Torrens, through the northern Flinders Ranges, approaching the South Australian border with New South Wales.
Notes and references
- "Adnyamathanha". Aboriginal & Torres Strait Islander Data Archive.
- Clendon 2015, p. 7.
- "Flinders Ranges National Park". Cultural Heritage. Department for Environment and Heritage. 2007. Retrieved 17 August 2007.
- Dulany, Bennett & Brown 2016.
- "Adam Goodes (@adamroy37)". Twitter. Retrieved 27 January 2015.
- Austin, Peter (2004). "Diyari (Pama-Nyungan)". In Booij, G. E.; Lehmann, Christian; Mugdan, Joachim. Morphologie: Ein Internationales Handbuch Zur Flexion und Wortbildung. 2. Walter de Gruyter. pp. 1490–1500. ISBN 978-3-110-17278-2.
- Clendon, Mark (2015). Clamor Schürmann’s Barngarla grammar: A commentary on the first section of A vocabulary of the Parnkalla language. University of Adelaide Press. ISBN 978-1-925-26111-0.
- Dulaney, Michael; Bennett, Tim; Brown, Carmen (1 May 2016). "Flinders Ranges renamed in recognition of traditional Aboriginal owners". ABC News.
- Gason, Samuel (1879) . "The Dieyerie tribe of Australian Aborigines". In Woods, J. D. Native Tribes of South Australia (PDF). Adelaide: E. S. Wigg & Son. pp. 253–307.
- Howitt, Alfred William (1904). The native tribes of south-east Australia. Macmillan Publishers.