|Unknown (110 recorded fluent speakers of Adnyamathanha language)|
|Regions with significant populations|
|Adnyamathanha, English (Australian Aboriginal English, Australian English)|
|Christianity (Baptist), traditional beliefs|
The Adnyamathanha  (Pronounced: //) are an Indigenous Australian people from the Flinders Ranges, South Australia. Adnyamathanha is also often used as the name of their traditional language, although the language is more commonly called 'yura ngarwala' by Adnyamathanha people themselves (being Adnyamathanha for - loosely translated - 'our speech').
On the northern edges of the Adnyamathanha tribal lands were the Diyari tribe, on the western edges were the Kokatha people. To the south were the Barngarla, Nukunu, and Ngadjuri. To the east were the Malyangapa.
The Adnyamathanha are made up of the Kuyani, Wailpi, Yadliaura (or Yadliyawara), and Pirlatapa (amongst others), which are traditional groups of the northern Flinders Ranges and some areas around Lake Torrens. The name Adnyamathanha means "rock people" in the Adnyamathanha language, and is a term referring to the Lakes Culture societies living in that area. They share a common identity, which they get from their ancestors; this common bond is their language and culture which is known as Yura Muda. The origins of the Adnyamathanha are told through creation stories, passed down from generation to generation.
Adnyamathanha people often refer to themselves as 'yura', and non-Aboriginal people as 'udnyu'.
History of contact
In 1851 the first Europeans settled some of the Adnyamathanha land. This led to many conflicts because the Adnyamathanha people were pushed off their land by the Europeans. In response to the settling, Aborigines stole sheep, which in turn led to retaliatory killings. Aboriginal stockmen and housekeepers soon became a way of life for the early settlers.
On 30 March 2009, the Adnyamathanha people was recognised by the Federal Court of Australia as having native title rights over about 41,000 square kilometres (16,000 sq mi) running east from the edge of Lake Torrens, through the northern Flinders Ranges, approaching the South Australian border with New South Wales.
In 2016 the Flinders Ranges National Park was renamed the Ikara-Flinders Ranges National Park in recognition of the Adnyamathanha, as 'ikara' is an Adnyamathanha word meaning 'meeting place', which Wilpena Pound (situated within the Park) was and is for the Adnyamathanha people.
Rebecca Richards, the first Aboriginal Rhodes Scholar, is an Adnyamathanha woman.
Notes and references
- "Adnyamathanha". Aboriginal & Torres Strait Islander Data Archive.
- Clendon 2015, p. 7.
- "Flinders Ranges National Park". Cultural Heritage. Department for Environment and Heritage. 2007. Retrieved 17 August 2007.
- Dulany, Bennett & Brown 2016.
- "Adam Goodes (@adamroy37)". Twitter. Retrieved 27 January 2015.
- Austin, Peter (2004). "Diyari (Pama-Nyungan)". In Booij, G. E.; Lehmann, Christian; Mugdan, Joachim. Morphologie: Ein Internationales Handbuch Zur Flexion und Wortbildung. 2. Walter de Gruyter. pp. 1490–1500. ISBN 978-3-110-17278-2.
- Clendon, Mark (2015). Clamor Schürmann’s Barngarla grammar: A commentary on the first section of A vocabulary of the Parnkalla language. University of Adelaide Press. ISBN 978-1-925-26111-0.
- Dulaney, Michael; Bennett, Tim; Brown, Carmen (1 May 2016). "Flinders Ranges renamed in recognition of traditional Aboriginal owners". ABC News.
- Gason, Samuel (1879) . "The Dieyerie tribe of Australian Aborigines". In Woods, J. D. Native Tribes of South Australia (PDF). Adelaide: E. S. Wigg & Son. pp. 253–307.
- Howitt, Alfred William (1904). The native tribes of south-east Australia. Macmillan Publishers.