Adobe Voco is an audio editing and generating prototype software by Adobe that enables novel editing and generation of audio. Dubbed "Photoshop-for-voice", it was first previewed at the Adobe MAX event in November 2016. The technology shown at Adobe MAX was a preview that could potentially be incorporated into Adobe Creative Cloud. As of July 2019, Adobe has yet to release any further information about a potential release date.
As the demo showed, the software takes approximately 20 minutes of the desired target's speech and then generated sound-alike voice with even phonemes that were not present in the target example material. Adobe has stated Voco will lower the cost of audio production. With the introduction of Adobe Voco and the similarly capable WaveNet, produced by DeepMind.
Ethical and security concerns have been raised over the ability to alter an audio recording to include words and phrases the original speaker never spoke, and the potential risk to voiceprint biometrics.
There are also concerns that it may be used in conjunction with:
- Human image synthesis, which has reached such levels of likeness since the early 2000s that distinguishing between a human recorded with a camera and a simulation of a human is very difficult.
- Video manipulation of a person's facial expressions in near real-time using an existing 2D RGB video of them.
Adobe's lack of publicized progress has opened opportunities for other companies to build alternative products to VOCO, such as LyreBird.
- "Adobe Voco 'Photoshop-for-voice' causes concern". BBC.com. BBC. 2016-11-07. Retrieved 2016-07-05.
- "WaveNet: A Generative Model for Raw Audio". Deepmind.com. 2016-09-08. Retrieved 2017-05-24.
- Rodgers, Julian. "Adobe Voco - Should We Be Afraid?". Production Expert. Pro Tools. Retrieved 14 December 2018.
- Thies, Justus (2016). "Face2Face: Real-time Face Capture and Reenactment of RGB Videos". Proc. Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (CVPR), IEEE. Retrieved 2016-06-18.
- "Lyrebird - Create a digital copy of voice". lyrebird.ai. Retrieved 2018-03-27.
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