List of Adolf Hitler's personal staff

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Hitler posing for pictures with his staff, 1940

Adolf Hitler, as Führer and Reich Chancellor and Supreme Commander of the Armed Forces of Nazi Germany, employed a personal staff, which represented different branches and offices throughout his political career.[1] He maintained a group of aides-de-camp and adjutants, including Martin Bormann's younger brother Albert in the National Socialist Motor Corps (NSKK), Friedrich Hoßbach of the Wehrmacht, who was sacked for unfavourable conduct, and Fritz Darges of the Schutzstaffel (SS), who was also dismissed for inappropriate behaviour. Originally an SS adjutant, Otto Günsche was posted on the Eastern Front from August 1943 to February 1944, and in France until March 1944, until he was appointed as one of Hitler's personal adjutants.

Others included valets Hans Hermann Junge, Karl Wilhelm Krause, and his longest serving valet, Heinz Linge. They accompanied him on his travels and were in charge of Hitler's daily routine; including awaking him, providing newspapers and messages, determining the daily menu/meals and wardrobe.[2] He employed four chauffeurs over the years, including the part-Jewish Emil Maurice, and founding member of the Sturmabteilung (SA), Julius Schreck. Women in his employ included secretaries Christa Schroeder, his chief and longest serving one Johanna Wolf, and his youngest, Traudl Junge. Hitler disliked change in personnel and liked to have people around him that he was used to and which knew his habits.[3] Hitler's personal staff members were in daily contact with him and many were present during his final days in the Führerbunker at the end of World War II in Europe.[1]

Staff[edit]

Alphabetically listed per their Christian name
Name Position (Branch) Years of service Notes Image Ref.
Bormann, AlbertAlbert Bormann Adjutant
(National Socialist Motor Corps)
1932–45 Brother of Hitler's private secretary Martin Bormann. Hitler was fond of Bormann and found him to be trustworthy.[4]
[5]
Albrecht, Alwin-BroderAlwin-Broder Albrecht Adjutant
(National Socialist Motor Corps)
1938–45 Originally a naval adjutant. Became the subject of controversy for marrying a woman with a bad reputation. On 1 July 1939, he was appointed an NSKK adjutant.[6]
[6]
Döhring, AnnaAnna Döhring Cook
(Berghof)
1938–45 Personal cook to Hitler and married to Hubert Doehring, chief of all civilian personnel at Hitler's house.[7]
[7]
Schroeder, ChristaChrista Schroeder Secretary 1933–45 Began working for Hitler in 1943. Later wrote her memoirs about her time as one of his secretaries.[8]
[9]
Manziarly, ConstanzeConstanze Manziarly Cook/dietitian
(Berghof)
1943–45 Began working for Hitler from 1943 and was present in Führerbunker during the dictators final days.[10]
[10]
Maurice, EmilEmil Maurice Chauffeur
(Schutzstaffel)
1925[a] Early member of the Nazi Party and co-founder of the SS, despite having Jewish ancestry.[11] Bundesarchiv Bild 146-1980-073-19A, Emil Maurice.jpg [11]
Kempka, ErichErich Kempka Chauffeur
(Schutzstaffel)
1934–45 Primary Chauffeur to Hitler from 1934 to April, 1945.[12]
[12]
Hoßbach, FriedrichFriedrich Hoßbach Adjutant
(Wehrmacht)
1934–38 Dismissed as adjutant in 1938 for unfavorable conduct. His most important contribution to history is his creation of the Hossbach Memorandum.[13] Major Friedrich Hoßbach (cropped).jpg [13]
Darges, FritzFritz Darges Adjutant
(Schutzstaffel)
1943–45 Originally an adjutant for Martin Bormann. Although dismissed in 1944 for inappropriate behavior, Darges went on to command the 5th SS Panzer Regiment of SS Division Wiking. Recipient of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross.[14]
[15]
Christian, GerdaGerda Christian Secretary 1937–43; 1943–45 Engaged to Erich Kempka and later married to Eckhard Christian.[16]
[17]
Engel, GerhardGerhard Engel Adjutant
(Army)
1941–43 Appointed an army adjutant in 1941. By his own request in 1943, he transferred to the Western Front. A recipient of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves.[18] Bundesarchiv Bild 146-1985-015-03, Gerhard Engel.jpg [18]
Betz, GeorgGeorg Betz Co-pilot
(Schutzstaffel)
1932–45 A former captain for Lufthansa prior to joining the Schutzstaffel (SS). He was later killed during the Battle in Berlin.[19]
[19]
Baur, HansHans Baur Pilot
(Nazi Party)
1932–45 Personal pilot and close ally of Hitler since the political campaigns of the early 1930s.[20] Hans Baur 1950s.jpg [21]
Junge, Hans HermannHans Hermann Junge Aide-de-camp and valet
(Schutzstaffel)
1940–43 Married to Traudl Humps. Transferred to active service in July 1943 and was killed a year later in an aircraft attack in France.[22]
[23]
Linge, HeinzHeinz Linge Valet
(Schutzstaffel)
1935–45 Hitler's longest serving valet. Would wake up Hitler and keep him stocked with writing materials and spectacles.[24] Bundesarchiv Bild 146-1982-044-11, Heinz Linge.jpg [24]
Borgmann, HeinrichHeinrich Borgmann Adjutant
(Army)
1943–45 A recipient of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves for actions on both fronts. In October 1943 he was appointed army adjutant. He was seriously wounded during the 20 July plot.[25]
[25]
Döhring, HerbertHerbert Döhring Administrator
(Berghof)
1936–43 Administrator of all civilian personnel at Hitler's mountain retreat.[7]
[7]
Blaschke, HugoHugo Blaschke Dentist
(Schutzstaffel)
1933–45 Served as Heinrich Himmler's personal dentist before becoming Hitler's.[26]
[26]
Wolf, JohannaJohanna Wolf Secretary 1929–45 Hitler's chief and longest serving secretary.[27]
[27]
Dietrich, Josef "Sepp"Josef "Sepp" Dietrich Chauffeur
(Schutzstaffel)
1928–29 Early member of the Nazi Party and SS. One of Hitler's most trusted bodyguards and Schutzstaffel (SS) commanders.[1] Bundesarchiv Bild 183-J27366, Sepp Dietrich.jpg [28]
Schaub, JuliusJulius Schaub Adjutant
(Nazi Party)
1925–45 Hitler's longest serving adjutant. Carried money for Hitler's private use, took care of his travel arrangements, and provided both secretary and security duties.[29]
[29]
Schreck, JuliusJulius Schreck Chauffeur
(Sturmabteilung)
1926–36 Early Nazi Party member and co-founder of the Sturmabteilung (SA).[1]
[30]
Puttkamer, Karl-Jesko vonKarl-Jesko von Puttkamer Adjutant
(Navy)
1939–45 Transferred to active service in 1938. Then returned to the role as naval adjutant and in September 1943 he was promoted to Konteradmiral (rear admiral).[31]
[32]
Krause, Karl WilhelmKarl Wilhelm Krause Valet
(Schutzstaffel)
1934–39 Would assist Hitler with his daily routines and also served as a bodyguard. Dismissed in mid-September 1939 for disobeying an order.[33] [34]
Arndt, Wilhelm Wilhelm Arndt Valet
(Schutzstaffel)
 ?-45 Killed 20 April 1945 see entry Hitler Diaries
Stumpfegger, LudwigLudwig Stumpfegger Surgeon
(Schutzstaffel)
1944–45 Became Hitler's personal surgeon after a recommendation from Schutzstaffel (SS) chief Heinrich Himmler.[35]
[34]
Bormann, MartinMartin Bormann Private Secretary
(Nazi Party)
1943–45 Prominent official in Nazi Germany. He gained immense power by using his position as Hitler's private secretary to control the flow of information and access to the Führer.[36] Bundesarchiv Bild 183-R14128A, Martin Bormann.jpg [37]
Wünsche, MaxMax Wünsche Adjutant
(Schutzstaffel)
1938–41 A recipient of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves. Originally appointed adjutant to Sepp Dietrich in 1941. [38] Bundesarchiv Bild 146-1976-096-007, Max Wünsche.jpg [38]
Below, Nicolaus vonNicolaus von Below Adjutant
(Luftwaffe)
1937–45 One of only a few people with aristocratic backgrounds to serve in Hitler's inner circle. Became closely associated with the Führer over the years.[39] Nicolas von Below Bundesarchiv B 145 Bild-F051625-0295, Verleihung des EK an Hanna Reitsch durch Hitler (cropped).jpg [40]
Günsche, OttoOtto Günsche Adjutant
(Schutzstaffel)
1940–41; 1943; 1944–45 Originally an Schutzstaffel (SS) adjutant. From August 1943 to 5 February 1944, he fought on the Eastern Front and in France until March 1944 when he again was appointed a personal adjutant.[41] Otto Günsche.jpg [9]
Schulze-Kossens, RichardRichard Schulze-Kossens Aide-de-camp
(Schutzstaffel)
1939–41 Served as an ordinance officer. Also a member in both the Leibstandarte SS Adolf Hitler and the Führerbegleitkommando, both protection squads for Hitler.[42] Richard Schulze-Kossens.jpg [42]
Schmundt, RudolfRudolf Schmundt Adjutant
(Wehrmacht)
1938–44 Became the Chief of the Personnel Department of the German Army. Died from his injuries which followed the 20 July plot.[43] Bundesarchiv Bild 183-J27812, Rudolf Schmundt.jpg [44]
Morell, TheodorTheodor Morell Physician
(Nazi Party)
1936–45 Personal physician to Hitler and became a controversial figure for his unorthodox treatment methods.[45]
[45]
Junge, TraudlTraudl Junge Secretary 1942–45 Hitler's youngest secretary. Later wrote memoirs about her time with Hitler.[46]
[46]
Haase, WernerWerner Haase Physician
(Schutzstaffel)
1935–45 Personal physician and surgeon for Hitler.[47]
[47]
Brückner, WilhelmWilhelm Brückner Adjutant
(Nazi Party)
1930–40 Prior to his dismissal, he supervised all of the Führer's personal servants, valets, bodyguards, and adjutants.[48]
[48]
Burgdorf, WilhelmWilhelm Burgdorf Adjutant
(Army)
1944–45 He was promoted chief of the Heerespersonalamt (Army Personnel Office) and chief adjutant in October 1944.[49] Burgdorfphoto.jpg [49]
Johannmeyer, WillyWilly Johannmeyer Adjutant
(Army)
1945 Heinrich Borgmann's replacement. A recipient of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves.[50]
[25]

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ It is unknown when Maurice was fired as Hitler's chauffeur; neither historians Ian Kershaw or Heike Görtemaker mention this in their work.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Citations[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Martin & Newark 2009.
  2. ^ Galante & Silianoff 1989, p. 39.
  3. ^ Kershaw 2008, p. 375.
  4. ^ Hamilton 1984, pp. 135–136.
  5. ^ Hamilton 1984, p. 135.
  6. ^ a b Joachimsthaler 1999, p. 289.
  7. ^ a b c d TimeWatch 2015.
  8. ^ Misch 2014, p. 2.
  9. ^ a b Joachimsthaler 1999, p. 281.
  10. ^ a b O'Donnell 2001, pp. 271–274.
  11. ^ a b Hamilton 1984, p. 161.
  12. ^ a b Joachimsthaler 1999, p. 282.
  13. ^ a b Shirer 1960, p. 315.
  14. ^ Hamilton 1984, p. 143.
  15. ^ O'Donnell 2001, p. 208.
  16. ^ Hamilton 1984, p. 141.
  17. ^ Toland 1976, p. 733.
  18. ^ a b Deutsch 1968, p. 226.
  19. ^ a b Joachimsthaler 1999, pp. 286, 287.
  20. ^ Joachimsthaler 1999, p. 294.
  21. ^ Taylor 2010, p. 265.
  22. ^ Junge 2003, p. 197.
  23. ^ d' Almeida 2008, p. 70.
  24. ^ a b Linge 2009, p. 10.
  25. ^ a b c Hamilton 1984, p. 144.
  26. ^ a b Joachimsthaler 1999, p. 297.
  27. ^ a b Joachimsthaler 1999, p. 291.
  28. ^ Fredriksen 2001, p. 142.
  29. ^ a b Hamilton 1984, p. 168.
  30. ^ O'Donnell 2001, p. 228.
  31. ^ Joachimsthaler 1999, pp. 98, 289.
  32. ^ Pelt 2002, p. 18.
  33. ^ Linge 2009, p. 20.
  34. ^ a b Hamilton 1984, p. 157.
  35. ^ Joachimsthaler 1999, p. 290.
  36. ^ Kershaw 2008, pp. 749-755.
  37. ^ Kershaw 2008, p. 752.
  38. ^ a b Williamson 2006, p. 24.
  39. ^ Dorr 2013, p. 210.
  40. ^ Joachimsthaler 1999, p. 293.
  41. ^ Hamilton 1984, p. 149.
  42. ^ a b Hoffmann 2000, p. 55.
  43. ^ Junge 2003, p. 198.
  44. ^ Mitcham 2008, p. 176.
  45. ^ a b Snyder 1994, p. 232.
  46. ^ a b Niemi 2006, p. 144.
  47. ^ a b Kershaw 2008, pp. 951–952.
  48. ^ a b Linge 2009, p. 59.
  49. ^ a b Joachimsthaler 1999, p. 286.
  50. ^ Fellgiebel 2003, p. 201.

Bibliography[edit]

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Online[edit]