Adolf II, Prince of Schaumburg-Lippe

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Adolf II
Prince of Schaumburg-Lippe
Adolf II, Prince of Schaumburg-Lippe c1917.jpg
Born(1883-02-23)23 February 1883
Stadthagen, Schaumburg-Lippe
Died26 March 1936(1936-03-26) (aged 53)
air crash, Zumpango, Mexico
SpouseEllen Bischoff-Korthaus
Full name
Adolf II Bernhard
FatherPrince Georg
MotherPrincess Marie Anne of Saxe-Altenburg

Adolf II, Prince of Schaumburg-Lippe (23 February 1883 – 26 March 1936) was the last ruler of the small Principality of Schaumburg-Lippe.


Adolf was born in Stadthagen to the then Hereditary Prince Georg (1846–1911) and Princess Marie Anne of Saxe-Altenburg (1864–1918) during the reign of his grandfather Prince Adolf I.

He became heir apparent to Schaumburg-Lippe on 8 May 1893 following the death of his grandfather, and the accession of his father. He succeeded his father as Prince on 29 April 1911, and reigned until he was forced to abdicate on 15 November 1918 following the German revolution: the Principality became the Free State of Schaumburg-Lippe. Adolf was exiled to Brioni in Istria.

During his reign he developed the spa of Bad Eilsen and was responsible for many buildings there.

Marriage and death[edit]

Adolf married Ellen von Bischoff-Korthaus (1894–1936) in Berlin on 10 January 1920.

They were both killed in a plane crash in Zumpango, Mexico on 26 March 1936, in what was believed to be a controlled flight into the side of a volcano flying from Mexico City en route to Ciudad de Guatemala[1] in a Ford Trimotor airplane[2]

The New York Times from 27 March 1936 reported that it was the worst Mexican air crash, in all fourteen people died on board the airplane, ten tourists from Europe and four crew members. His youngest brother Prince Friedrich Christian of Schaumburg-Lippe, who served as an adjutant to Joseph Goebbels, spoke out against letting Ellen be buried in Bückeburger Mausoleum next to her husband, because she was not of "Aryan origin".
He was succeeded as head of the House of Schaumburg-Lippe by his brother Wolrad.



  1. ^ "Adolf II – Prince of Schaumburg-Lippe". Royal Musings. 23 January 2016. Retrieved 23 January 2016.
  2. ^ "Mexico City, Mexico Plane Crash Kills 14, Mar 1936". 23 January 2016. Retrieved 23 January 2016.

External links[edit]

Adolf II, Prince of Schaumburg-Lippe
Born: February 23 1883 Died: March 26 1936
German royalty
Preceded by
Prince of Schaumburg-Lippe
Succeeded by
Monarchy abolished
Titles in pretence
Preceded by
Prince of Schaumburg-Lippe
Succeeded by