Adolf Tortilowicz von Batocki-Friebe

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Adolf von Batocki-Friebe
Adolf Tortilowicz von Batocki-Friebe 1914.jpg
Adolf von Batocki-Friebe in 1914
Governor of East Prussia
In office
1914–1916
In office
1918–1919
Prussian House of Lords
In office
1910–1918
Personal details
Born(1868-07-31)31 July 1868
Gut Bledau, Cranz, East Prussia
Died22 May 1944(1944-05-22) (aged 75)
Gut Wosegau
Spouse(s)Paula Gräfin von Kalnein
Occupationlawyer

Max Johann Otto Adolf Tortilowicz von Batocki-Friebe, usually known as Adolf von Batocki-Friebe (31 July 1868 – 22 May 1944) was a German noble, lawyer and politician,[1] and belonged to a noble Lithuanian family.[citation needed]

Batocki-Friebe was born at Gut Bledau, Cranz near Königsberg, East Prussia.

First World War roles[edit]

He served as Governor of East Prussia (1 October, 1914–1916 and 1918–1919), member of the Prussian House of Lords (1910–1918). He was also President of the Reichsernährungsamt (Imperial Nutrition Office) (1916–1917).[2]

The onset of the war led to an initial wave of refugees fleeing those areas that the Imperial German Army felt could not be effectively defended. This led to a humanitarian crisis which the authorities hoped to mitigate by setting up the War Aid Commission (Kriegshilfskommission). At their first plenary held on 12 October 1914, Batocki outlined his approach:

"The most difficult work that we face in the East after our final victory will not be the work of restoring the economic damage. It will not be anything that can be achieved with money. It will lie rather in strengthening and firming up our population. Only when that succeeds can East Prussia fulfill its task as a stronghold of Germandom."[3]


He was a Knight of Justice of the Order of Saint John.

Publications[edit]

  • Ostpreussens Vergangenheit, Gegenwart und Zukunft, 1915.
  • Die Preisbildung im Kriege 1916. (with Karl Thieß)
  • Ostpreußen in Harren und Krieg, in Sturz und Sieg, 1916. (with Paul Burg)
  • Russisch als Pflichtfach an höheren Schulen der Ostprovinzen, 1918. (with Joh Gerschmann)
  • Vom Kampfe um das Geschick Ostpreußens, 1919.
  • Warenpreis und Geldwert im Kriege, 1919.
  • Wie kann die innere Siedlung und Bodenausnutzung schnell und wirksam [...], 1919.
  • Umstellung der Landwirtschaft, 1920.
  • Ostpreussens wirtschaftliche Lage vor und nach dem Weltkriege, 1920.
  • Schluss mit Kriegszwangswirtschaft!, 1921.
  • Staatsreferendar und Staatsassessor, 1927. (with Werner Friedrich Bruck, Heinrich von Friedberg)
  • Preussen, der Kern der deutschen Verfassungsfrage, 1928.
  • Bevölkerung und Wirtschaft in Ostpreussen, 1929. (with Gerhard Schack)
  • Bedeutung und Umfang der Meliorationen in Deutschland, 1931.
  • Die Bedeutung landwirtschaftlicher Meliorationen in Ostpreussen im Rahmen..., 1933. (with Otto Heinemann, Kurt Stüwe)

References[edit]

  1. ^ Facts on File Yearbook, 1944, p. 188
  2. ^ Spencer Tucker and Priscilla Mary Roberts (eds.) (2005) World War I. Encyclopedia, ABC-CLIO, ISBN 1851098798, p. 478
  3. ^ Gray, William G. "Charity as Cultural Renewal? German Civil Society and East Prussian Suffering, 1914-1918". Academia. - 1 - Charity as Cultural Renewal? German Civil Society and East Prussian Suffering, 1914-1918 William Glenn Gray / Purdue University German Studies Association. Retrieved 20 April 2019.

Literature[edit]

External links[edit]