Adolfo Suárez Madrid–Barajas Airport

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Madrid Barajas
Adolfo Suárez Airport[1]

Aeropuerto Adolfo Suárez
Aena Madrid logo.svg
Madrid-Barajas - Aerial photograph.jpg
Airport typePublic
ServesMadrid, Spain
LocationDistrict of Barajas, Madrid
Hub for
Focus city for
Elevation AMSL610 m / 2,000 ft
Coordinates40°28′20″N 003°33′39″W / 40.47222°N 3.56083°W / 40.47222; -3.56083Coordinates: 40°28′20″N 003°33′39″W / 40.47222°N 3.56083°W / 40.47222; -3.56083
MAD is located in Madrid
Location within Madrid
MAD is located in Community of Madrid
MAD (Community of Madrid)
MAD is located in Spain
MAD (Spain)
MAD is located in Europe
MAD (Europe)
Direction Length Surface
m ft
14R/32L 4,100 13,451 Asphalt
18L/36R 3,500 11,482 Asphalt
14L/32R 3,500 11,482 Asphalt
18R/36L 4,350 14,268 Asphalt / Concrete
Statistics (2019)
PassengersIncrease 61,734,037
Aircraft MovementsIncrease 426,376
Cargo (t)Increase 558,567
Economic impact (2012)$10.9 billion[2]
Social impact (2012)130,900[2]
Sources: Passenger Traffic, AENA[3]
Spanish AIP, AENA[4]

Adolfo Suárez Madrid–Barajas Airport (Spanish: Aeropuerto Adolfo Suárez Madrid-Barajas [aeɾoˈpweɾto aˈðolfo ˈswaɾeð maˈðɾið βaˈɾaxas]) (IATA: MAD, ICAO: LEMD),[5] commonly known as Madrid–Barajas Airport, is the main international airport serving Madrid in Spain. At 3,050 ha (7,500 acres) in area, it is the second largest airport in Europe by physical size behind Paris–Charles de Gaulle Airport.[6][7] In 2018, 57.9 million passengers used Madrid–Barajas, making it the country's largest and busiest airport and Europe's sixth busiest.

The airport opened in 1928, and has grown to be one of Europe's most important aviation centres. Located within the city limits of Madrid, it is just 9 km (6 mi) from the city's financial district and 13 km (8 mi) northeast of the Puerta del Sol or Plaza Mayor de Madrid, Madrid's historic centre. The airport name derives from the adjacent district of Barajas, which has its own metro station on the same rail line serving the airport. Barajas serves as the gateway to the Iberian peninsula from the rest of Europe and the world, and is a particularly key link between Europe and Latin America. The airport is the primary hub and maintenance base for Iberia and Air Europa. Consequently, Iberia is responsible for more than 40% of Barajas' traffic. The airport has five passenger terminals named T1, T2, T3, T4 and T4S.


Early years[edit]

The airport was constructed in 1927, opening to national and international air traffic on 22 April 1931, although regular commercial operations began two years later. A small terminal was constructed with a capacity for 30,000 passengers a year, in addition to several hangars and the building of the Avión Club. The first regular flight was established by Lineas Aéreas Postales Españolas (LAPE) with its route to Barcelona. In the 1930s, flights started to serve some European and African destinations, the first international flights from the airport.

Originally, the flight field was a large circle bordered in white with the name of Madrid in its interior, unpaved, consisting of land covered with natural grass. It was not until the 1940s that the flight field was paved and new runways were designed. The first runway which started operation in 1944 was 1,400 metres long and 45 metres wide.[8] By the end of the decade the airport had three runways, none of which exist today. In the late 1940s, scheduled flights to Latin America and the Philippines started.

In the 1950s, the airport supported over half a million passengers, increasing to five runways and scheduled flights to New York City began. The National Terminal, currently T2, began construction in 1954 and opened later that year. In the Plan of Airports of 1957, Barajas Airport is classified as a first-class international airport. By the 1970s, large jets were landing at Barajas, and the growth of traffic mainly as a result of tourism exceeded forecasts. At the beginning of the decade, the airport reached the 1.2 million passengers, double that envisaged in the Plan of Airports of 1957.

In the 1970s, with the boom in tourism and the arrival of the Boeing 747, the airport reached 4 million passengers and began the construction of the international terminal (current T1). In 1974, Iberia, L.A.E. introduced the shuttle service between Madrid and Barcelona, a service with multiple daily frequencies and available without prior reservation.

The 1982 FIFA World Cup brought significant expansion and modernisation of the airport's two existing terminals.[8]

In the 1990s, the airport expanded further. In 1994, the first cargo terminal was constructed and the control tower was renovated. In 1997, it opened the North Dock, which is used as an exclusive terminal for Iberia's Schengen flights. In 1998, it inaugurated a new control tower, 71 m tall and then in 1999 the new South Dock opened, which implies an expansion of the international terminal. During this time, the distribution of the terminals changed: The south dock and most of the International Terminal were now called T1, the rest of the International Terminal and Domestic Terminal were now called T2 and the north dock was called T3.

In November 1998, the new runway 18R-36L started operations (replacing the previous 18–36), 4,400 m long, one of the largest in Europe under expansion plans called Major Barajas. In 2000, it began the construction of new terminals T4 and its satellite, T4S, designed by architects Antonio Lamela, Richard Rogers and Luis Vidal. Two parallel runways to the existing ones were also built.

Development since the 2000s[edit]

The new terminals and runways were completed in 2004, but administrative delays and equipment, as well as the controversy over the redeployment of terminals, delayed service until 5 February 2006.

Terminal 4, designed by Antonio Lamela, Richard Rogers and Luis Vidal, (winning team of the 2006 Stirling Prize) and TPS Engineers, (winning team of the 2006 IStructE Award for Commercial Structures)[9] was built by Ferrovial[10] and inaugurated on 5 February 2006. Terminal 4 is one of the world's largest airport terminals in terms of area, with 760,000 square meters (8,180,572 square feet) in separate landside and airside structures. It consists of a main building, T4 (470,000 m²) and a satellite building, T4S (290,000 m²), which are approximately 2.5 km apart. The new Terminal 4 is designed to give passengers a stress-free start to their journey. This is managed through careful use of illumination, with glass panes instead of walls and numerous skylights which allow natural light into the structure. With this new addition, Barajas is designed to handle 70 million passengers annually.

During the construction of Terminal 4, two more runways (15L/33R and 18L/36R) were constructed to aid in the flow of air traffic arriving and departing from Barajas. These runways were officially inaugurated on 5 February 2006 (together with the terminals), but had already been used on several occasions beforehand to test flight and air traffic manoeuvres. Thus, Barajas came to have four runways: two on a north–south axis and parallel to each other (separated by 1.8 km) and two on a northwest–southeast axis (and separated by 2.5 km). This allowed simultaneous takeoffs and landings into the airport, allowing 120 operations an hour (one takeoff or landing every 30 seconds).

Terminals 1, 2 and 3 are adjacent terminals that are home to SkyTeam and Star Alliance airlines. Terminal 4 is home to Iberia, its franchise Air Nostrum and all Oneworld partner airlines. Gate numbers are continuous in terminals 1, 2 and 3 (A1 to E89), but are separately numbered in terminal 4 (H, J, K and M, R, S, U in satellite building).

The Madrid–Barcelona air shuttle service, known as the "Puente Aéreo" (in Spanish), literally called "Air Bridge", used to be the busiest route between two EU airports[11] with 55 daily flights in 2012.[12] The schedule has been reduced since the February 2008 opening of the Madrid–Barcelona high-speed rail line which covers the distance in ​2 12 hours. Subsequently the route has been overtaken by London-Dublin and Paris-Toulouse.

  • On the morning of 30 December 2006, an explosion took place in the carpark building module D attached to Terminal 4. Authorities received a bomb threat at approximately 8:15 local time (7:15 GMT), with the caller stating that a car bomb carried with 800 kg of explosive would explode at 9:00 local time (8:00 GMT).[13] After receiving the warning, police were able to evacuate part of the airport.[14] Later, an anonymous caller stated that ETA claims responsibility for the bombing.[15] As a result of the explosion, two Ecuadorians who were sleeping in their cars died. The whole module D of the car park was levelled creating around 40,000 tonnes of debris. It took workers six days to recover the body of the second victim from the rubble.

In 2007, the airport processed more than 52 million passengers. Barajas was voted "Best Airport" in the 2008 Condé Nast Traveller Reader Awards.[16]

In December 2010, the Spanish government announced plans to tender Madrid–Barajas airport to companies in the private sector for a period of up to 40 years.[17]

On 27 January 2012, Spanair suspended all flights affecting Madrid–Barajas as well as other domestic and international connections.[18] On 20 September 2012, both runways 15/33 were renamed as 14R/32L (the longest) and 14L/32R (the shortest).

On 1 August 2015, the first scheduled Airbus A380 flight landed in Madrid-Barajas in a daily service to Dubai by Emirates.

Following the death of former Spanish Prime Minister, Adolfo Suárez, in 2014, the Spanish Ministry of Public Works and Transport announced[19] that the airport would be renamed Aeropuerto Adolfo Suárez, Madrid–Barajas. This renaming seeks recognition for Suárez's role as the first Prime Minister of Spain after the restoration of democracy and his key participation in the transition to democracy after the dictatorship of Francisco Franco.

In December 2019, the airport's operator Aena announced plans to significantly expand and renovate the existing installations, increasing their yearly capacity from 70 to 80 million passengers and bridging the architectural gap between the original Terminals 1, 2 and 3 and the newer Terminal 4. The project has a budget of 750 million Euro and is set to be executed in the period from 2022 to 2026.[20]

Airlines and destinations[edit]


As of January 2020, the following airlines serve 193 regular scheduled and charter routes to and from Madrid:[21]

Aegean Airlines Athens
Aer Lingus Dublin
Aeroflot Moscow–Sheremetyevo
Aerolíneas Argentinas Buenos Aires–Ezeiza
Aeroméxico Mexico City
Air Algérie Algiers
Air Arabia Maroc Tangier
airBaltic Riga
Air Canada Toronto–Pearson
Air China Beijing–Capital, São Paulo–Guarulhos
Air Europa A Coruña, Alicante, Amsterdam, Asturias, Asunción, Barcelona, Bilbao, Bogotá, Brussels, Buenos Aires–Ezeiza, Cancún, Caracas, Casablanca, Cordoba (AR), Düsseldorf, Fortaleza, Frankfurt, Fuerteventura, Gran Canaria, Guayaquil, Havana, Ibiza, Lanzarote, Lima, Lisbon, London–Gatwick, Málaga, Marrakesh, Medellín–JMC, Miami, Milan–Malpensa, Montevideo, Munich, New York–JFK, Palma de Mallorca, Panama City–Tocumen, Paris–Orly, Porto, Puerto Iguazú, Punta Cana, Quito, Recife, Rome–Fiumicino, Salvador da Bahia, San Pedro Sula, Santa Cruz de la Sierra–Viru Viru, Santo Domingo–Las Americas, São Paulo–Guarulhos, Seville, Tel Aviv, Tenerife–North, Tunis, Valencia, Venice, Vigo, Zürich
Seasonal: Alghero,[22] Athens, Copenhagen, Santorini (begins 3 July 2020),[23] Stockholm–Arlanda
Air France Paris–Charles de Gaulle,[24] Paris–Orly (begins 29 March 2020)[25]
Air India Delhi
Air Moldova Chișinău
Air Serbia Belgrade
Air Transat Montréal–Trudeau[26]
Alitalia Milan–Linate, Rome–Fiumicino
American Airlines Dallas/Fort Worth, Miami, New York–JFK, Philadelphia
Seasonal: Charlotte
Avianca Bogotá, Cali, Medellín–JMC
Beijing Capital Airlines Chengdu, Hangzhou (both resume March 3, 2020)[27]
Blue Air Bacău, Bucharest
Boliviana de Aviación Cochabamba, Santa Cruz de la Sierra–Viru Viru
British Airways London–Heathrow
Brussels Airlines Brussels
Bulgaria Air Sofia
Cathay Pacific Hong Kong
Ceiba Intercontinental Airlines Malabo
China Eastern Airlines Shanghai–Pudong, Xi'an
Cubana de Aviación Havana, Santiago de Cuba
Czech Airlines Prague
Delta Air Lines Atlanta, New York–JFK
easyJet Berlin–Tegel, Bristol, Edinburgh, Lisbon, Liverpool, London–Gatwick, London–Luton, Lyon, Milan–Malpensa, Paris–Charles de Gaulle
easyJet Switzerland Basel/Mulhouse, Geneva
EgyptAir Cairo
El Al Tel Aviv
Emirates Dubai–International
Estelar Latinoamerica Caracas[28]
Ethiopian Airlines Addis Ababa
Etihad Airways Abu Dhabi
Evelop Airlines Cancún, Havana, Punta Cana
Seasonal: Mauritius
Finnair Helsinki
Hainan Airlines Shenzhen
Iberia A Coruña, Asturias, Athens, Barcelona, Bilbao, Bogotá, Boston,[29] Brussels, Budapest, Buenos Aires–Ezeiza, Cairo (resumes 2 March 2020),[30] Caracas, Chicago–O'Hare, Dakar–Diass, Düsseldorf, Florence, Geneva, Guatemala City, Guayaquil, Hamburg, Havana, Jerez de la Frontera, Lima, Lisbon, London–Heathrow, Los Angeles, Marrakesh, Medellín–JMC, Mexico City, Miami, Milan–Linate, Milan–Malpensa, Montevideo, Munich, New York–JFK, Oslo–Gardermoen, Panama City, Paris–Orly, Porto, Prague, Quito, Rio de Janeiro–Galeão, Rome–Fiumicino, San José (CR), San Juan, San Salvador, Santander, Santiago, Santo Domingo–Las Americas, São Paulo–Guarulhos, Shanghai–Pudong, Stockholm–Arlanda, Tel Aviv, Tokyo–Narita, Venice, Vienna, Vigo, Washington–Dulles (resumes 1 May 2020),[31] Zagreb, Zürich
Seasonal: Bastia,[32] Bergen, Catania, Corfu,[32] Dubrovnik, Faro, Fez (begins 28 July 2020),[33] Genoa, Gran Canaria, Ljubljana (begins 28 July 2020),[33] Moscow–Domodedovo, Olbia, Saint Petersburg, San Francisco, Split
Seasonal charter: Dubai–Al Maktoum[34]
Iberia Express Amsterdam, Berlin–Tegel, Birmingham, Copenhagen, Dublin, Fuerteventura, Gran Canaria, Ibiza, Lanzarote, La Palma, London–Gatwick, Lyon, Málaga, Manchester, Nantes, Naples, Nice, Palma de Mallorca, Paris–Charles de Gaulle, Rennes, Santiago de Compostela, Seville, Stuttgart, Tenerife–North, Tenerife–South
Seasonal: Bari, Bucharest, Cagliari, Cork, Edinburgh, Heraklion, Kefalonia (begins 2 July 2020),[35] Kraków, Malta, Menorca, Mykonos, Palermo,[36] Reykjavik–Keflavik, Santorini, Toulouse, Zadar[37][38]
Iberia Regional A Coruña, Alicante, Algiers, Almería, Asturias, Badajoz, Bologna, Bordeaux, Casablanca, Châlons-Vatry,[39] Frankfurt, Granada, Ibiza, Jerez de la Frontera, Lisbon, Lyon, Málaga, Marrakesh, Marseille, Melilla, Menorca, Nantes, Nice, Palma de Mallorca, Pamplona, San Sebastián, Santander, Seville, Strasbourg, Tangier, Toulouse, Turin, Valencia, Vigo, Zürich
Seasonal: Biarritz, Faro, Funchal, Malta, Split, Verona
Icelandair Seasonal: Reykjavík–Keflavík
KLM Amsterdam
Korean Air Seoul–Incheon
LATAM Brasil São Paulo–Guarulhos
LATAM Chile Frankfurt, Santiago de Chile
LATAM Perú Lima
Lauda Vienna
LOT Polish Airlines Warsaw–Chopin
Lufthansa Frankfurt, Munich
Luxair Luxembourg
Malta Air Vienna (begins 29 March 2020)[40]
Middle East Airlines Beirut
Norwegian Air Shuttle London–Gatwick, Los Angeles, New York–JFK (ends 29 March 2020),[41] Oslo–Gardermoen
Pegasus Airlines Istanbul–Sabiha Gökçen
Plus Ultra Líneas Aéreas Caracas, Guayaquil, Lima, Quito
Qatar Airways Doha
Royal Air Maroc Casablanca
Royal Jordanian Amman–Queen Alia
Ryanair Athens, Bari, Beauvais, Bergamo, Berlin–Schönefeld, Birmingham, Bologna, Brussels, Bucharest, Budapest, Cagliari, Catania, Charleroi, Cologne/Bonn, Copenhagen, Dublin, Eindhoven, Fes, Fuerteventura, Gran Canaria, Ibiza, Kiev–Boryspil, Kraków, Lanzarote, London–Stansted, Luxembourg, Malta, Manchester, Marrakech, Marseille, Milan–Malpensa, Naples, Palermo, Palma de Mallorca, Pisa, Porto, Prague, Rabat, Rome–Ciampino, Santiago de Compostela, Sofia, Tangier, Tenerife–North, Tenerife–South, Warsaw–Modlin
Seasonal: Menorca, Vilnius, Wroclaw
Saudia Jeddah, Riyadh
Swiss International Air Lines Geneva, Zürich
TAP Air Portugal Lisbon, Porto
TAROM Bucharest
Transavia France Paris–Orly
Seasonal: Montpellier (begins 5 April 2020)[42]
TUI fly Belgium Casablanca
Tunisair Tunis
Turkish Airlines Istanbul[43]
Ukraine International Airlines Kiev–Boryspil, Lviv
United Airlines Newark
Seasonal: Washington–Dulles
Volotea Bordeaux, Genoa, Nantes
Seasonal: Alghero,[44] Bastia, Faro (begins 31 May 2020),[45] Toulouse (begins 3 April 2020)[45]
Vueling Barcelona, Florence, Ibiza, Paris–Charles de Gaulle, Rome–Fiumicino
Seasonal: Menorca
Wamos Air Cancún, Punta Cana
Wizz Air Bucharest, Budapest, Cluj-Napoca, Craiova, Sibiu, Sofia, Timișoara, Vienna,[46] Warsaw–Chopin (resumes 1 June 2020)[47]


ASL Airlines Belgium Brussels, Liège
Atlantic Airlines Liège
Cygnus Air Frankfurt, Gran Canaria, Tenerife–North
DHL Aviation Beijing–Capital, Casablanca, Copenhagen, East Midlands, Frankfurt, Leipzig/Halle, London–Heathrow, Miami, Milan–Malpensa, Paris–Charles de Gaulle
Emirates Sky Cargo Dubai–Al Maktoum
FedEx Feeder Dublin, Paris–Charles de Gaulle
Kalitta Air Miami
MASkargo Frankfurt, Kuala Lumpur–International
Qatar Airways Cargo Doha
Swiftair Algiers, Athens, Barcelona, Bilbao, Casablanca, Gran Canaria, Larnaca, Lisbon, Milan–Malpensa, Palma de Mallorca, Paris–Charles de Gaulle, Stockholm–Arlanda, Tenerife–North[48]
Turkish Cargo Algiers, Belgrade, Casablanca, Houston-Intercontinental, Istanbul–Atatürk. Miami[49]
UPS Airlines Casablanca, Chicago–O'Hare, Cologne/Bonn, London–Stansted

Traffic and statistics[edit]

old map of the runways
Interior of Terminal 4
Entrance of Terminal 4 at Madrid Barajas Airport
Madrid-Barajas T4 interior
Madrid-Barajas T3 from airside
Terminal 4 Madrid-Barajas
Interior of Terminal 4
Barajas Terminal 4 panorama
Ground control tower at T4S
Terminal 1 interior
Terminal T-4 Madrid - Barajas Airport

Passenger numbers[edit]

Passengers Aircraft Movements Cargo (tonnes)
2001 34,050,215 375,558 295,944
2002 33,915,302 368,029 295,711
2003 35,855,861 383,804 307,026
2004 38,718,614 401,503 341,177
2005 42,146,784 415,704 333,138
2006 45,799,983 434,959 325,702
2007 52,110,787 483,292 325,201
2008 50,846,494 469,746 329,187
2009 48,437,147 435,187 302,863
2010 49,863,504 433,683 373,380
2011 49,671,270 429,390 394,154
2012 45,195,014 373,185 359,362
2013 39,735,618 333,056 346,602
2014 41,833,374 342,601 366,645
2015 46,828,279 366,605 381,069
2016 50,420,583 378,150 415,774
2017 53,402,506 387,566 470,795
2018 57,891,340 409,832 518,858
2019 61,734,037 426,376 558,567
Source: Aena Statistics[3]

Route statistics[edit]

Busiest domestic routes at Adolfo Suárez, Madrid–Barajas International Airport (2019)
Rank City Passengers Carriers
1 Barcelona 2,573,822 Air Europa, Iberia, Vueling
2 Palma de Mallorca 1,993,272 Air Europa, Air Nostrum, Iberia Express, Norwegian Air International, Ryanair
3 Gran Canaria 1,658,334 Air Europa, Iberia Express, Norwegian Air International, Ryanair
4 Tenerife (North) 1,494,504 Air Europa, Iberia Express, Norwegian Air International, Ryanair
5 Ibiza 837,333 Air Europa, Air Nostrum, Iberia Express, Ryanair, Vueling
6 Bilbao 836,144 Air Europa, Iberia, Swiftair
7 Santiago de Compostela 715,650 Air Europa, Iberia Express, Ryanair
8 Vigo 684,277 Air Europa,Iberia,
9 A Coruña 681,744 Air Europa, Air Nostrum, Iberia
10 Oviedo 548,114 Air Europa, Iberia
Busiest European routes at Madrid–Barajas International Airport (2019)
Rank City Passengers Carriers
1 Portugal Lisbon, Portugal 1,557,731 Air Europa, easyJet, Iberia, TAP Express, TAP Portugal
2 United Kingdom London (Heathrow), United Kingdom 1,476,391 British Airways, Iberia
3 France Paris (Orly), France 1,361,645 Air Europa, Iberia, Transavia France
4 Italy Rome (Fiumicino), Italy 1,266,980 Air Europa, Alitalia, Iberia, Vueling
5 Netherlands Amsterdam, The Netherlands 1,144,421 Air Europa, Iberia Express, KLM
6 France Paris (CDG), France 1,115,687 Air France, easyJet, Iberia Express, Vueling
7 Belgium Brussels, Belgium 1,085,039 Air Europa, Brussels Airlines, Iberia, Ryanair
8 Germany Frankfurt, Germany 1,071,545 Air Europa, Air Nostrum, Iberia, LATAM Chile, Lufthansa, Ryanair
9 United Kingdom London (Gatwick), United Kingdom 1,033,630 Air Europa, easyJet, Iberia Express, Norwegian Air International
10 Portugal Porto, Portugal 970,512 Air Europa, Iberia, Ryanair, TAP Express, TAP Air Portugal
11 Germany Munich, Germany 903,323 Air Europa, Iberia, Lufthansa
12 Italy Milan (Malpensa), Italy 747,787 Air Europa, easyJet, Iberia
13 Switzerland Zurich, Switzerland 693,916 Air Europa, Iberia, Swiss International Air Lines
14 Switzerland Geneva, Switzerland 584,197 easyJet Switzerland, Iberia, Swiss International Air Lines
15 Austria Vienna, Austria 564,079 Iberia, Laudamotion, Wizz Air, Malta Air
16 Italy Venice, Italy 555,109 Air Europa, Iberia
17 Republic of Ireland Dublin, Ireland 554,193 Aer Lingus, Iberia Express, Ryanair
18 United Kingdom London (Stansted), United Kingdom 503,103 Ryanair
19 Germany Düsseldorf, Germany 487,671 Air Europa, Iberia
20 Germany Berlin (Tegel), Germany 442,694 easyJet, Iberia Express
21 Romania Bucharest, Romania 427,660 Blue Air, Iberia Express, Ryanair, TAROM, Wizz Air
22 Italy Rome (Ciampino), Italy 392,746 Ryanair
23 Greece Athens, Greece 382,837 Aegean Airlines,Air Europa, Iberia, Ryanair,
24 Italy Milan (Linate), Italy 365,428 Alitalia, Iberia
25 Turkey Istanbul (Atatürk), Turkey 349,491 Turkish Airlines
26 Denmark Copenhagen, Denmark 323,398 Iberia Express, Norwegian Air International, Ryanair
27 Czech Republic Prague, Czech Republic 316,7699 Czech Airlines, Iberia, Ryanair
28 Italy Bergamo, Italy 316,346 Ryanair
29 Italy Bologna, Italy 312,967 Air Nostrum, Ryanair
30 Hungary Budapest, Hungary 299,052 Iberia, Ryanair, Wizz Air
31 France Toulouse, France 298,203 Air Nostrum, Iberia Express
32 France Lyon, France 273,042 Air Nostrum, easyJet, Iberia Express
33 Russia Moscow (Sheremetyevo), Russia 265,186 Aeroflot
34 France Marseille, France 245,955 Air Nostrum, Ryanair
35 Italy Naples, Italy 233,300 Iberia Express, Ryanair
36 France Nantes, France 220,184 Air Nostrum, Iberia Express, Volotea
37 Germany Hamburg, Germany 207,250 Iberia, Ryanair
38 Sweden Stockholm, Sweden 204,557 Iberia, Norwegian Air International
39 France Nice, France 193,490 Air Nostrum, Iberia Express
40 Germany Berlin (Schönefeld), Germany 192,101 Ryanair
Busiest intercontinental routes at Madrid–Barajas International Airport (2019)
Rank City Passengers Carriers
1 United States New York (JFK), United States 1,030,399 Air Europa, American Airlines, Delta Air Lines, Iberia, Norwegian Air Shuttle
2 Colombia Bogotá, Colombia 953,942 Air Europa, Avianca, Iberia
3 Argentina Buenos Aires (Ezeiza), Argentina 949,120 Aerolíneas Argentinas, Air Europa, Iberia
4 Mexico Mexico City, Mexico 882,700 Aeroméxico, Iberia
5 Peru Lima, Peru 734,080 Air Europa, Iberia, LATAM, Plus Ultra Líneas Aéreas
6 United States Miami, United States 720,623 Air Europa, American Airlines, Iberia
7 Brazil São Paulo (Guarulhos), Brazil 693,947 Air China, Air Europa, Iberia, LATAM
8 Israel Tel Aviv, Israel 568,653 Air Europa, El Al, Iberia, Smartwings
9 Cuba Havana, Cuba 521,935 Air Europa, Cubana de Aviación, Evelop Airlines, Iberia
10 Chile Santiago, Chile 506,895 Iberia, LATAM
11 United Arab Emirates Dubai, United Arab Emirates 506,283 Emirates
12 Qatar Doha, Qatar 424,681 Qatar Airways
13 Morocco Marrakesh, Morocco 409,176 Air Europa, Iberia, Norwegian Air International, Ryanair
14 Dominican Republic Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic 394,025 Air Europa, Iberia
15 Mexico Cancún, Mexico 332,132 Air Europa, Evelop Airlines, Wamos Air
16 Uruguay Montevideo, Uruguay 264,858 Air Europa, Iberia
17 Morocco Casablanca, Morocco 257,288 Iberia, Royal Air Maroc
18 Dominican Republic Punta Cana, Dominican Republic 254,171 Air Europa, Evelop Airlines, Wamos Air
19 Ecuador Quito, Ecuador 245,114 Air Europa, Iberia
20 Panama Panama City, Panama 244,260 Iberia
21 United States Dallas, United States 243,154 American Airlines
22 Venezuela Caracas, Venezuela 240,111 Air Europa, Estelar Latinoamerica, Iberia, Plus Ultra Líneas Aéreas
23 United States Los Angeles, United States 216,109 Iberia, Norwegian Air Shuttle
24 Costa Rica San José, Costa Rica 205,119 Iberia
25 Morocco Tangier, Morocco 192,115 Air Arabia Maroc, Air Nostrum, Royal Air Maroc Express, Ryanair
26 Bolivia Santa Cruz, Bolivia 189,653 Air Europa, Boliviana de Aviación
27 United States Chicago, United States 188,825 Iberia
28 Colombia Medellín, Colombia 185,241 Air Europa, Avianca, Iberia
29 United States Boston, United States 179,024 Iberia, Norwegian Air Shuttle
30 United States Newark, United States 171,848 United Airlines
31 United Arab Emirates Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates 170,517 Etihad Airways
32 Hong Kong Hong Kong, Hong Kong 164,215 Cathay Pacific
33 China Shanghai, China 157,995 China Eastern Airlines, Iberia
34 Brazil Rio de Janeiro, Brazil 152,130 Iberia
35 Ecuador Guayaquil, Ecuador 152,124 Air Europa, LATAM Ecuador
36 Egypt Cairo, Egypt 138,730 Egypt Air
37 United States Atlanta, United States 136,949 Delta Air Lines
38 United States Philadelphia, United States 136,578 American Airlines
39 Colombia Cali, Colombia 136,453 Avianca
40 Japan Tokyo, Japan 133,356 Iberia

Airline market share[edit]

Largest Airlines at Madrid–Barajas International Airport (2019)
Rank Airline Passengers
1 Iberia 16,529,613
2 Air Europa 9,991,406
3 Ryanair 6,697,100
4 Iberia Express 6,167,708
5 Air Nostrum (Iberia Regional) 3,559,591
6 easyJet 1,738,960
7 Vueling 1,334,063
8 Norwegian Air International 1,100,946
9 Lufthansa 850,459
10 American Airlines 806,692
11 Wizz air 683,157
12 Avianca 678,432
13 TAP Portugal 665,845
14 Air France 655,587
15 KLM 581,315

Medical care[edit]

The airport is attached to the Ramón y Cajal University Hospital in Madrid as a reference hospital for medical and surgical emergencies requiring hospital care.[50][51]

In addition, the airport itself has medical rooms and medical personnel attached to the Airport Medical Service to cover transit passengers who need medical attention.[52] It also has 75 Cardiac Rescue Points equipped with defibrillators in the event of cardiorespiratory arrest.[52]

Ground transport[edit]


The Madrid Metro Line connects the airport with city centre station Nuevos Ministerios in Madrid's financial district. The Barajas Line 8 provides a fast route from the underground stations at Terminal 2 (access to T1 and T3) and Terminal 4 into central Madrid. The metro also provides links to stations on the Spanish railway network.

In October 2006, a bid was launched for the construction of a Cercanías link between Chamartín Station and Terminal 4. Now finished, this single Cercanías Line (C-1) links Madrid Barajas Terminal 4, with Chamartín Station and Atocha AVE high-speed train stations.[53] In June 2011 a decision was made to equip this link with dual gauge which will allow AVE high-speed trains to reach the airport station.[54]

The Nuevos Ministerios metro station allowed checking-in[55] right by the AZCA business area in central Madrid, but this convenience has been suspended indefinitely after the building of Terminal 4.[56]

Metropolitan Bus[edit]

EMT (Madrid Municipal Transport Company) runs regular public bus services between the airport and Madrid (Avenida de América station): bus 200 runs as a complete line – dropping passengers at departures of terminals 1, 2 and 4 before collecting passengers in the reverse order at arrivals. The EMT public night bus service N4 (nicknamed "Buho", Owl) also services from Madrid downtown (Plaza Cibeles) to Barajas (Plaza de los Hermanos Falcó y Alvarez de Toledo, 400m from the airport through a passageway above the highway). EMT also have an express bus linking Barajas airport to Renfe's Atocha Station, the main rail station in Madrid, during day and Plaza Cibeles during night. Unlike the two services mentioned above, this line runs 24 hours of the day during all the days of the year.[57]

CRTM (Consorcio Regional de Transportes de Madrid) runs four bus services between the airport and nearby cities in the metropolitan area:

Long distance coaches[edit]

From terminals T1 and T4 the bus company Avanzabus operates routes to Ávila, Castellón, Salamanca, Valencia y Zamora. From terminal T4 the Alsa bus company runs services to the cities of Zaragoza, Barcelona, Valladolid, León, Murcia, Alicante, Gijón, Oviedo, Lugo, Coruña, Santiago de Compostela, Burgos, Vitoria, San Sebastián, Santander, Bilbao, Logroño and Pamplona. From terminal T1 the Socibus company runs services to the major cities in Andalusia: Huelva, Córdoba, Cadiz, Jerez and Seville.

Airport People Mover[edit]

Automated People Mover that links Terminal 4 and the Terminal 4 Satellite

In early 2006, the first driverless transit system in Spain and the longest airport people mover system in Europe began transporting passengers between the new terminal (T4) and a new satellite terminal (T4S). Deploying the CITYFLO 550 automatic train control technology, the system is the only mode of transportation for passengers between the two terminals, which are spaced more than two kilometres apart.[58] Bombardier became the only contractor for the completely underground shuttle system, including the construction of the civil works, operation and maintenance of the system.

Airport parking[edit]

Long- and short-term car parking is provided at the airport with seven public parking areas. P1 is an outdoor car park located in front of the terminal building; P2 is an indoor car park with direct access to terminals T2 and T3. A Parking 'Express' facility, available for short periods only, is located at Terminal 2 and dedicated long-term parking is also available with 1,655 spaces; a free shuttle operates between the long-stay car park and all terminals. There are also VIP car parks.

Incidents and accidents[edit]

  • On 30 September 1972, Douglas C-47B EC-AQE of Spantax crashed on take-off. The aircraft was being used for training duties and the student pilot over-rotated and stalled. One of the six people on board was killed.[59]
  • On 27 November 1983, Avianca Flight 011 crashed while attempting to land. Flight 011 struck a series of hills, causing the plane's right wing to break off. The 747 then cartwheeled, shattering into five pieces before coming to rest upside-down. Only 11 of the 169 passengers survived – there were no survivors among the 23 crew.[60]
  • On 7 December 1983, an Iberia 727 operating as Iberia Flight 350[61] collided during takeoff with Aviaco Flight 134, a DC-9[62] The Aviaco DC-9 had accidentally entered the runway as the Iberia flight was taking off.[63] Ninety-three people were killed, including 51 from the Iberia 727 and 42 from the Aviaco DC-9.
  • On 15 July 2006, the winglet of a Thai Airways International Boeing 747-400 HS-TGY operating flight TG943 from Madrid Barajas Airport in Spain to Rome Leonardo da Vinci-Fiumicino Airport cut off the tail of an Air France ERJ-145 while taxiing to the runway for take-off. No injuries were reported.[64]
  • On 20 August 2008, Spanair Flight 5022 which was travelling to Gran Canaria, veered off to the right and into the ground while climbing immediately after lifting off from runway 36L at 14:45 local time. The McDonnell Douglas MD-82 with registration "EC-HFP", was carrying 172 people, including 162 passengers.[65] In the accident, 154 people were killed, two were seriously injured and 12 were slightly injured. Prime Minister Zapatero ordered three days of national mourning.[66]


 This article incorporates public domain material from the Air Force Historical Research Agency website

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External links[edit]

Media related to Madrid-Barajas Airport at Wikimedia Commons
Adolfo Suárez Madrid–Barajas Airport travel guide from Wikivoyage