He was educated at Jena, Göttingen, Berlin and Heidelberg, where he became Privatdozent in 1861, professor extraordinary in 1867 and ordinary professor in 1872. He was a disciple of the Tübingen school and a strong Protestant. His scholarship was sound and his style vigorous.
Among other works he wrote Der Apostel Paulus (1865), Neutestamentliche Zeitgeschichte (1868–1873, 4 vols; Eng. trans.), D. F. Strauss und die Theologie seiner Zeit (1876-1878, 2 vols), and lives of Richard Rothe (2 vols, 1902), and Luther (1904).
Under the pseudonym George Taylor he wrote several historical romances, especially Antinous (1880), which quickly ran through five editions, and is the story of a soul "which courted death because the objective restraints of faith had been lost." Klytia (1883) was a 16th-century story, Jetta (1884) a tale of the great immigrations, and Elfriede "a romance of the Rhine".
- This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Hausrath, Adolph". Encyclopædia Britannica. 13 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 71.