Rev Dr Aaron Adolph Saphir DD (26 September 1831 – 4 April 1891) was a Hungarian Jew who converted to Christianity and became a Jewish Presbyterian missionary.
In 1843, his family converted to Christianity through the Jewish mission of the Free Church of Scotland. In the autumn of 1843 his father sent him to train as a Christian minister for the Free Church of Scotland at New College, Edinburgh. This proved impractical due to his age and lack of English. He attended a Gymnasium in Berlin from 1844 to 1848 much improving his English. From 1848 he studied at Glasgow University graduating MA in 1854.
Saphir travelled to Edinburgh with Rabbi Duncan and Alfred Edersheim. He then studied at the Marischal College, Aberdeen. In 1854, Saphir was appointed a missionary to the Jews. He worked briefly in Hamburg before moving to England where he served in South Shields, Greenwich, and Notting Hill. Saphir became a minister of the Presbyterian Church of England, and received an honorary Doctor of Divinity from the University of Glasgow in 1878.
He died of Angina pectoris on 3 April 1891.
- The Hidden Life
- The Divine Unity of Scripture
- Jesus and the Sinner
- Christ and the Church
- The Jews as Custodians and Witnesses
- Christ and the Scriptures
- Christian Perfection: An Address
- Christ Crucified
- The Epistle to the Hebrews (1874)
- The Sinner and the Saviour
In 1854 he married Sara Owen from Dublin. She died four days before him. They had two daughters: Asra and Maria.
His daughter Maria Saphir married Rev Carl Schwartz.
- Kovács, Ábrahám: The History of the Free Church of Scotland’s Mission to the Jews in Budapest and its impact on the Reformed Church of Hungary 1841-1914 Frankfurt am Main; New York; Berlin; Bern; Bruxelles; New York; Oxford; Wien: Peter Lang Verlag, 2006.
- Oxford Dictionary of National Biography
- Larsen, David L. (1998). The Company of the Preachers: Volume 2. Kregel Publications. p. 570. ISBN 9780825494345. Retrieved 25 October 2015.
- Carlyle, Edward Irving (1897). Lee, Sidney (ed.). Dictionary of National Biography. 50. London: Smith, Elder & Co. . In
- "Adolph Aaron Saphir". University of Glasgow. Retrieved 25 October 2015.