|Sir Adolphe-Basile Routhier|
Sir Adolphe-Basile Routhier, c.1890
|Born||May 8, 1839|
Saint-Benoît (Saint-Placide), Lower Canada
|Died||June 27, 1920 (aged 81)|
|Resting place||Cimetière Notre-Dame-de-Belmont|
|Occupation||lawyer, author, judge, and professor|
|Known for||wrote the lyrics of the original French version of the Canadian national anthem "O Canada"|
|Title||President of the Royal Society of Canada|
|Predecessor||Frank Dawson Adams|
Sir Adolphe-Basile Routhier, FRSC (May 8, 1839 – June 27, 1920) was a Canadian judge, author, and lyricist. He wrote the lyrics of the original French version of the Canadian national anthem "O Canada". He was born in Saint-Placide, Quebec, to Charles Routhier and Angélique Lafleur.
Routhier studied law at Université Laval. He graduated and was called to the Quebec bar in 1861. He was appointed to the Quebec Superior Court in 1873 (as Chief Justice from 1904 to 1906) and Admiralty of the Exchequer Court of Canada (from 1897 to 1906).
Routhier was involved in several federal elections as a Conservative candidate, but he was never elected. In June 1914, Routhier was one of the three judges appointed to conduct the Commission of Inquiry into the sinking of the Canadian Pacific steamship the Empress of Ireland, which had resulted in the loss of 1,012 lives.
Routhier married Clorinde Mondelet on November 12, 1862, in Quebec and had one son.
Many sites and landmarks were named to honour Basile Routhier. They include:
- Rue Basile-Routhier (Basile-Routhier Street), located in Shawinigan, Quebec, Canada;
- Place Basile-Routhier, located in Shawinigan;
- Rue Basile-Routhier in Montreal, Quebec;
- Boulevard Basile-Routhier in Repentigny, Quebec.
- Avenue Sir Adolphe Routhier in Quebec City, Quebec, Canada;
- "Saint-Placide (Municipalité)" (in French). Commission de toponymie du Québec. Archived from the original on September 30, 2015. Retrieved March 11, 2009.
- Hébert, Yves (1998). "Routhier, Sir Adolphe-Basile". In Cook, Ramsay; Hamelin, Jean. Dictionary of Canadian Biography. XIV (1911–1920) (online ed.). University of Toronto Press.
- Marshall, Logan (2014) [First published 1914]. The Tragic Story of the Empress of Ireland. New York, New York: Penguin Group US. p. 110. ISBN 978-0-698-15132-1. Retrieved January 27, 2015.
- "Adolphe-Basile Routhier". Dictionary of Canadian Biography (online ed.). University of Toronto Press. 1979–2016.
- Works by or about Adolphe-Basile Routhier at Internet Archive
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