Adolphe Lalauze

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Adolphe Lalauze
Born (1838-10-08)8 October 1838
Rive-de-Gier, Loire, France
Died 1906 (1907) (aged 68)
Milly-la-Forêt, Essonne, France
Nationality French
Occupation Engraver
Known for Book illustrations

Adolphe Lalauze (8 October 1838 – 1906) was a prolific French etcher who made the illustrations for many books. He won various awards and was made a knight of the Legion of Honour.

Life[edit]

Lavandieres, Antibes (Washerwomen, Antibes) 1869

Adolphe Lalauze was born in Rive-de-Gier, Loire, on 8 October 1838.[1] His first job was a Contrôleur de l'Enregistrement.[2] Lalauze worked in this civil service job in Toulouse for some time, then enrolled at the Toulouse École des Beaux-arts. He moved to Paris, where he became a student of Léon Gaucherel. Encouraged by Gaucherel, he took up etching, and first exhibited at the Salon in 1872.[3] At the Salon in 1876 he exhibited twenty-one etchings. These included a series of nine called Le Petit Monde (The Small World) that depicted childhood scenes using his children as models, which won a 3rd class medal. He won a 2nd class medal at the Salon of 1878 for twelve plates illustrating the Histoires ou contes du temps passé by Charles Perrault.[1]

Lalauze illustrated many books. He drew the Frontispiece for Le Bric-à-brac de l'amour (1879) published by Octave Uzanne.[4] This book used revolutionary new photo-mechanical reproduction techniques.[5] He illustrated the Peter Anthony Motteux translation of Don Quixote, first published in 1879.[6] Lalauze made 21 etchings for Galland's 1881 translation of Richard Francis Burton's Arabian Nights, and these were reproduced in several other editions.[7] He was one of the illustrators of Damase Jouaust's 1882 Petite Bibliothėque artistique (Small Art Library), along with Pierre Edmond Alexandre Hédouin and Émile Boilvin.[2] He created illustrations for Walter Scott's Waverley Novels published in Boston in 1893–94.[8] In 1898 his illustrations in the pure fin de siècle style appeared in Sophie Arnould, actress and wit by Robert B. Douglas.[9]

Adolphe Lalauze was a member of the Société des Artistes Français.[10] He died in Milly-la-Forêt, Essonne in 1906. His son, Alphonse Lalauze, was also an artist.[3]

Work[edit]

La Leçon de Dessin (The Drawing Lesson) 1880

Lalauze was known for etchings that depicted children, using his own children as models. He also made etchings that interpreted work by such artists as Charles Bargue, Pieter Codde, Alexandre-Gabriel Decamps, Juan Antonio Gonzalez, Charles Green, Antoine-Jean Gros, Jean-Baptiste Huet, Pierre-Paul Prud'hon, David Teniers, Giovanni Battista Tiepolo, and Diego Velázquez.[3] Lalauze made color prints by superimposing etched boards.[2]

Some of his larger plates included "Love Story" after Frank Dicksee, "A Kiss from the Sea" after Hamilton Macallum and "The Entry of Charles V into Antwerp" after Hans Makart. His best work included "The Halt" after Jean-Louis-Ernest Meissonier, etched for the magazine l'Art, and "Portrait of Madame Pompadour" after Maurice Quentin de La Tour, published by the Société des Artistes Français.[1]

During his lifetime he was called "one of the most skillful original etchers of the modern French school".[10] An 1889 book described him as an etcher with extreme facility who composed elegant vignettes and frontispieces.[2] Later, Claude Roger-Marx criticized him for having fallen from interpretive drawing into a "laborious work of illustration" and of multiplying small compositions and vignettes.[11]

Awards and Distinctions[edit]

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

Sources[edit]

External links[edit]