Adolphe de Leuven

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Adolphe de Leuven
L'Illustration 1862 gravure Théatre de l'Opéra-Comique - Le Joaillier de St.-James.jpg
Le Joaillier de Saint-James at the l'Opéra-Comique, L'Illustration, 17 February 1862
Born 30 September 1802
Died 14 April 1884(1884-04-14) (aged 81)
Occupation Librettist, writer, dramatist

Adolphe de Leuven (30 September 1802 – 14 April 1884) was a French theatre director and a librettist. Also known as Grenvallet, and Count Adolph Ribbing.[1]

He was the illegitimate son of Adolph Ribbing, who was involved in the assassination of Gustav III of Sweden in 1792, and Jeanne-Claude Billard. He took his name as a variation of that of his paternal grandmother, Eva Löwen.[2]

He produced over 170 plays and librettos, with operatic settings by Adam including Le postillon de Lonjumeau, Clapisson and Thomas.[3]

He was associated with the Opéra-Comique for fifty years and was co-director (with Camille du Locle) from 1862-1874. He resigned in protest at the on-stage murder in Carmen.[4]


  1. ^ His father was one of the conspirators against Gustav III of Sweden, who appears in Verdi's Un ballo in maschera (as Samuel/Count Ribbing). From Dean W. Carmen’s place in history. Booklet to Decca recording of Carmen conducted by Solti, 1976.
  2. ^ Carlquist, Gunnar, red (1937). Svensk uppslagsbok. Bd 17. Malmö: Svensk Uppslagsbok AB. Sid. 57
  3. ^ Wright L A. Adolphe de Leuven in The New Grove Dictionary of Opera ed Sadie S. London & New York, Macmillan, 1997.
  4. ^ Dean, op cit.

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