National adoption laws
National, or domestic, adoption laws deal with issues such as step-parent adoption, adoption by cohabitees, adoption by single parents and LGBT adoption. Adoption laws in some countries may be affected by religious considerations such as adoption in Islam.
Laws vary widely from country to country and in the case of adoption in the United States, from state to state
Intercountry adoption laws
Intercountry adoption laws vary widely.
- J. H. M. van Erp, Lars Peter Wunibald van Vliet Netherlands Reports to the Seventeenth International ... 2006 - Page 100 "... legal rules applying to adoption (step-parent adoption, adoption by cohabitees, adoption by single parents and same-sex parents) as well as with regard to the nature of adoption (intercountry adoption versus national adoption).... "
- Cynthia R. Mabry, Lisa Kelly Adoption Law: Theory, Policy and Practice -- 2006 - Page 459 "Some prospective adoptive parents choose certain countries because the country's adoption laws are more favorable to foreign adopters. Other prospective parents choose a particular country because more infants are available immediately."