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Adra railway station
|Elevation||185 m (607 ft)|
|• Official||Bengali, English|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
|ISO 3166 code||IN-WB|
|Sex ratio||1.2:1 ♂/♀|
|Lok Sabha constituency||Bankura|
|Vidhan Sabha constituency||Raghunathpur & Kashipur|
Adra is a census town and a railway colony which was originally known for its 90% of Anglo Indian population in Purulia district in the Indian state of West Bengal. It is the seat of an important railway division.
The major sub-divisions of Adra are Subhasnagar, Beniasole, Palashkola, Jhariadih, Panchudanga, Mission para, Laldanga, Daulatpur, Arabinda Pally, Medical colony, Children's Park and SER colonies (north and south)New colony.
Adra is the divisional headquarters of the Adra division of South Eastern Railway. The economy of the town is driven by the presence of the railways there. It is one of the three most important coal loading divisions (the other two being Bilaspur and Chakradharpur) which supply coal to power plants across India.
An important railway junction, Adra railway station connects to Asansol on the Howrah-Delhi Main Line, Tatanagar on the Howrah-Nagpur-Mumbai line, Kharagpur on the Kolkata-Chennai and Kolkata-Mumbai lines, and Gomoh on the Kolkata-Delhi line. The railroad station has four platforms which are busy throughout the day with trains passing to a number of destinations in each direction. The present station building was built on year 1903.
As per 2011 Census of India Adra had a total population of 38,032 of which 19,596 (51%) were males and 18,436 (49%) were females. Population below 6 years was 1,187. The total number of literates in Adra was 11,565 (83.99% of the population over 6 years).
In 2001, Adra had a population of 22,118 Males constitute 52% of the population and females 48%. Adra has an average literacy rate of 73%, higher than the national average of 59.5%; with 56% of the males and 44% of females literate. 10% of the population was under 6 years of age.
Places of tourist interest close to Adra include Bankura, known for the 'Bankura Horse', clay sculptures, and Bishnupur known for its baluchari silk sarees and terracotta temples. There is also a nature park called "satabdi park" with a natural water reservoir called "shaheb bandh" and a forest called "mohanpura reserve forest". Joychandi Pahar(Hill) about 5.km away from Adra Railway Station is one of the popular places for Rock Climbing. Panchet Dam is not far away from Adra
Adra has a good number of schools. There is the Kendriya Vidyalaya, which is a part of the Kendriya Vidyalaya Sangathan (KVS), under the Ministry of HRD. The South Eastern Railway Boys' School, South Eastern Railway Girls' High School, South Eastern Railway Primary School, Sacred Heart School, Ashram School, Vidyasagar Vidyapith. But there is no college at Adra. Two colleges namely Michael Madhusudan College(Kashipur 9km far from Adra) and Raghunathpur College(8km far from Adra) are there.
Adra can be considered a cosmopolitan town, representing a mix of diverse cultures of India. There are many people from the states of Bihar, Jharkhand, Uttar Pradesh, Rajasthan, Andhra Pradesh, Punjab, Orissa, Tamil Nadu, Gujarat, who live in Adra. That is why various festivals of different cultures are celebrated here.
Adra is known for Sacred Heart Church, which is one of the oldest churches built by the British in 1819. Sacred Heart Church is the largest church under the Jamshedpur Diocese.
Adra is the state centre for training for the Bharat Scouts and Guides, and holds the Presidents' Award selection camps occasionally. It has the SERSA Stadium and Engineering Ground where annual Football and Cricket Events organised by Railways and others are held.
- Houlton, Sir John, Bihar, the Heart of India, 1949, p. 170, Orient Longmans Ltd.
- "2011 Census – Primary Census Abstract Data Tables". West Bengal – District-wise. Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 2 October 2016.
- "Provisional population totals, West Bengal, Table 4, Puruliya District". Census of India 2001. Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 28 September 2011. Retrieved 12 September 2016.
- "District Statistical Handbook 2014 Purulia". Tables 2.1, 2.2,. Department of Statistics and Programme Implementation, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 2 October 2016.
- "Adra PS". Purulia District Police. Retrieved 2 October 2016.