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Adramelech, also called Adrammelech, Adramelek or Adar-malik, (Hebrew: אַדְרַמֶּלֶךְ, Modern Adrammelekh, Tiberian ʼAḏramméleḵ; Greek: Αδραμελεχ Adramelekh; Latin: Adramelech) was a form of sun god related to Moloch. The centre of his worship was the Mesopotamian town of Sippar (Sepharvaim). According to (2 Kings 17:31) the cult was brought by the Sepharvite colonists into Samaria: "the Sepharvites burnt their children in the fire to Adrammelech and Anammelech, the gods of Sepharvaim"—like Moloch. The melech element means "King" in Hebrew.
A person with the name of Adramelech is described in Hebrew writings as a son and murderer of Sennacherib, king of Assyria in 2 Kings 19:37 and Isaiah 37:38, however this name is a likely corruption of the Akkadian language name Arda-Mulissi, the rebellious son of Sennacherib. In later times, he is associated with the Moloch of Phoenicia and Carthage.
Like many pagan gods, Adramelech is considered a demon in some Judeo-Christian traditions. So he appears in Milton's Paradise Lost, where Adramelech is a fallen angel who, along with Asmodeus, is vanquished by Uriel and Raphael. According to Collin de Plancy's book on demonology, Infernal Dictionary, Adramelech became the President of the Senate of the demons. He is also the Chancellor of Hell and supervisor of Satan's wardrobe. Adramelech is generally depicted with a human torso, a mule's head, a peacock tail, and the limbs of a mule or peacock.
A poet's description of Adramelech can be found in Robert Silverberg's short story "Basileus". Adramelech is described as "The enemy of God, greater in ambition, guile and mischief than Satan. A fiend more curst—a deeper hypocrite".
Modern fiction, games and references in pop culture
Adramelech is the name given to a higher demon in the urban fantasy series, The Desdemona Chronicles.
- This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Easton, Matthew George (1897). "Adrammelech". Easton's Bible Dictionary (New and revised ed.). T. Nelson and Sons.
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