Landscape of the stony desert known as Reg de l'Adrar
Location of the Adrar in central Mauritania
|Elevation||340 m (1,120 ft)|
The Adrar (Berber: , lit. mountain) is a highland natural and historical region of the Sahara Desert in northern Mauritania. The Adrar Region, an administrative division of Mauritania, is named after the traditional region.
The Adrar is an arid plateau, known for its gorges, regs (stony deserts) and shifting sand dunes. Nearby is also the famous Richat Structure. Structurally the Adrar is a low central massif with conspicuous cliffs. There is no water in the central area of the plateau and cultivation is not possible; only at the edges there is enough water to support palm groves.
The Adrar region is home to a small human population, centered on the town of Atar. The ancient town of Ouadane, formerly an important caravan and gold-trading centre, is located on the southern edge of the Adrar. Chinguetti is another important historical town in the region.
The Adrar was heavily settled in the Neolithic era. The more recent aridification has left much of the archaeology intact, most notable several stone circles and the later town of Azougui.
Features of the Adrar
- EB, Adrar
- James L. A. Webb , Desert Frontier: Ecological and Economic Change Along the Western Sahel. p.50
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