Adrestia

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Adrestia
Goddess of equilibrium, balance between good and evil, just retribution and revolt; handmaiden of Nemesis
Nemesis by Gheorghe Tattarescu.jpg
Adrestia
AbodeMount Olympus
Personal information
ParentsAphrodite and Ares
SiblingsEros, Anteros, Phobos, Deimos, and Harmonia

Adrestia (Ancient Greek: Ἀδρήστεια) in Greek mythology "she who cannot be escaped" is the daughter of Ares and Aphrodite and known to accompany her father Ares to war. She was venerated as a goddess of revolt, just retribution and sublime balance between good and evil. She was also believed to be another war figure, similar to her brothers Phobos and Deimos.

[1] Painting of Adrestia sometimes portrayed as Nemesis

Adrestia was sometimes portrayed with Nemesis, because of her role in revenge and retribution. She was also portrayed as a handmaiden to Nemesis, and sometimes identical to Nemesis herself, who had the epithet of Adrestia or Adrasteia. She was also sometimes portrayed as Rhamnousia another goddess of retribution, another epithet for Nemesis. The name Adrestia, which is derived by some writers from Adrastus, who is said to have built the first sanctuary of Nemesis on the river Asopus, and by others from the verb διδράσκειν, according to which it would signify the goddess whom none can escape.[2] Adrestia has also been referred to as Adrasteia, who was a Cretan nymph, and daughter of Melisseus, who was charged by Rhea with nurturing the infant Zeus in secret, to protect him from his father Cronus.[3] With so many different epithets, it could be believed that Adrestia developed from certain attributes of multiple supernatural beings to become an independent deity.

"She whom none can escape". Properly an epithet of Rhea Cybele in her attribute of the Mother who punishes human injustice, which is a transgression of the natural right order of things. The Greeks and Romans identified her with Nemesis.

— Micha F. Lindemans

The union between Ares and Aphrodite produced many children: Eros (the god of love), Anteros (the god of requited love), Phobos (the god of fear), Deimos (the god of terror) and Harmonia (the goddess of harmony and concord), besides Adrestia herself. She was not at first considered a daughter of Aphrodite and Ares. She was later added to their list of children for her war like tendencies.[4] Authors include Adrestia with some or all of the four Erotes: Eros, Anteros, Pothos, and Himeros. Like her siblings Adrestia was a goddess who continued their father’s warlike legacy. Also born from the union of Ares and Aphrodite, she was an immortal who became the goddess of revolt. She was often associated with any sort of revenge and retribution because of her attributes.[5] Various gods sought her out and wanted to recruit her to their various agendas and causes. She would be fought over by the gods and titans.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Pritz, Alfred, ed. (2008). Einhundert Meisterwerke der Psychotherapie. doi:10.1007/978-3-211-69499-2. ISBN 978-3-211-25214-7.
  2. ^ "A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology, Adrasteia". www.perseus.tufts.edu. Retrieved 2019-04-10.
  3. ^ "A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology, Adrasteia". www.perseus.tufts.edu. Retrieved 2019-04-10.
  4. ^ "⚔ Ares :: Greek God of War". www.greekmythology.com. Retrieved 2019-04-10.
  5. ^ "Ares - The Greek God of War". Mythology.net. 2017-01-19. Retrieved 2019-04-10.

External links[edit]

  • Media related to Adrestia at Wikimedia Commons