Adriaen Brouwer by Anthony van Dyck
|Died||1638 (aged 32–33)
At a young age Brouwer, probably born as Adriaen de Brauwer in Oudenaarde, moved perhaps via Antwerp to Haarlem, where he became a student of Frans Hals alongside Adriaen van Ostade. He also was active in stage acting and poetry. He stayed in Haarlem and Amsterdam until 1631, when he moved back to Antwerp in the Spanish Netherlands. There, he became a member of the Guild of St. Luke in 1631–1632, as well as the rhetoricians's chamber De Violieren.
Tradition has it that Brouwer himself spent much time in the alehouses of Flanders and Holland. His works are typically detailed and small, and often adopt themes of debauchery, drunkenness and foolishness in order to explore human emotions, expressions and responses to pain, fear and the senses. The Bitter Tonic is an example of the type of work that depicts such responses, in this case the sense of taste. His work was well liked, to the point that forgeries were sold in his own time. Both Rubens and Rembrandt owned a number of his works. Nevertheless, Brouwer appeared in financial trouble throughout his life.
He died at the early age of 32 in Antwerp, where he was first buried in a common grave, but, upon instigation of the members of the guild, was reburied on 1 February 1638 in the church of the Carmelites.
- Konrad Renger: "Brouwer, Adriaen [Adriaan]" Grove Art Online. Oxford University Press, [accessed 17 May 2007].
- Liedtke , Walter A. (1984). Flemish paintings in the Metropolitan Museum of Art. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art. ISBN 0870993569. (see index).
- Adriaen Brouwer Biography, Style and Artwork
- Very detailed bio (in Dutch)
- The Bitter Tonic at the Städel, Frankfurt.
- Web Gallery of Art: Biography of Adriaen Brouwer
- Web Gallery of Art: Paintings by Adriaen Brouwer
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|Wikisource has the text of the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica article Brouwer, Adrian.|