24 October 1932|
|Died||20 December 2008
|Occupation||Poet, novelist, playwright, cultural activist|
Adrian Mitchell FRSL (24 October 1932 – 20 December 2008) was an English poet, novelist and playwright. A former journalist, he became a noted figure on the British Left. For almost half a century he was the foremost poet of the country's anti-Bomb movement. The critic Kenneth Tynan called him "the British Mayakovsky".
Mitchell sought in his work to counteract the implications of his own assertion that, "Most people ignore most poetry because most poetry ignores most people."
In a National Poetry Day poll in 2005 his poem "Human Beings" was voted the one most people would like to see launched into space. In 2002 he was nominated, semi-seriously, Britain's "Shadow Poet Laureate". Mitchell was for some years poetry editor of the New Statesman, and was the first to publish an interview with the Beatles. His work for the Royal Shakespeare Company included Peter Brook's US and the English version of Peter Weiss's Marat/Sade.
Ever inspired by the example of his own favourite poet and precursor William Blake, about whom he wrote the acclaimed Tyger for the National Theatre, his often angry output swirled from anarchistic anti-war satire, through love poetry to, increasingly, stories and poems for children. He also wrote librettos. The Poetry Archive identified his creative yield as hugely prolific.
The Times said that Mitchell's had been a "forthright voice often laced with tenderness." His poems on such topics as nuclear war, Vietnam, prisons and racism had become "part of the folklore of the Left. His work was often read and sung at demonstrations and rallies."
Early life and career
Adrian Mitchell was born near Hampstead Heath, north London. His mother, Kathleen Fabian, was a Fröbel-trained nursery school teacher and his father, Jock Mitchell, a research chemist from Cupar in Fife. He was educated at Monkton Combe School in Bath. He then went to Greenways School, at Ashton Gifford House in Wiltshire, run at the time by a friend of his mother. This, said Mitchell, was "a school in Heaven, where my first play, The Animals' Brains Trust, was staged when I was nine to my great satisfaction."
His schooling was completed as a boarder at Dauntsey's School, after which he did his National Service in the RAF. He commented that this "confirmed (his) natural pacificism". He went on to study English at Christ Church, Oxford, where he was taught by J. R. R. Tolkien's son. He became chairman of the university's poetry society and the literary editor of Isis magazine. On graduating Mitchell got a job as a reporter on the Oxford Mail and, later, at the Evening Standard in London.
"Inheriting enough money to live on for a year, I wrote my first novel and my first TV play. Soon afterwards I became a freelance journalist, writing about pop music for the Daily Mail and TV for the pre-tabloid Sun and the Sunday Times. I quit journalism in the mid-Sixties and since then have been a free-falling poet, playwright and writer of stories."
Mitchell gave frequent public readings, particularly for left-wing causes. Satire was his speciality. Commissioned to write a poem about Prince Charles and his special relationship (as Prince of Wales) with the people of Wales, his measured response was short and to the point: "Royalty is a neurosis. Get well soon."
In "Loose Leaf Poem", from Ride the Nightmare, he wrote:
- My brain socialist
- My heart anarchist
- My eyes pacifist
- My blood revolutionary
Mitchell was in the habit of stipulating in any preface to his collections: "None of the work in this book is to be used in connection with any examination whatsoever." His best-known poem, "To Whom It May Concern", was his bitterly sarcastic reaction to the televised horrors of the Vietnam War. The poem begins:
- I was run over by the truth one day.
- Ever since the accident I’ve walked this way
- So stick my legs in plaster
- Tell me lies about Vietnam
He first read it to thousands of nuclear disarmament protesters who, having marched through central London on CND's first new format one-day Easter March, finally crammed into Trafalgar Square on the afternoon of Easter Day 1964. As Mitchell delivered his lines from the pavement in front of the National Gallery, angry demonstrators in the square below scuffled with police.
Over the years he updated the poem to take into account recent events.
"He never let up. Most calls—'Can you do this one, Adrian?'—were answered, 'Sure, I'll be there.' His reading of 'Tell Me Lies' at a City Hall benefit just before the 2003 invasion of Iraq was electrifying. Of course, he couldn't stop that war, but he performed as if he could."
One Remembrance Sunday he laid the Peace Pledge Union's White Poppy wreath on the Cenotaph in Whitehall. On one International Conscientious Objectors' Day he read a poem at the ceremony at the Conscientious Objectors Commemorative Stone in Tavistock Square in London.
Fellow writers could be effusive in their tributes. John Berger said that, "Against the present British state he opposes a kind of revolutionary populism, bawdiness, wit and the tenderness sometimes to be found between animals." Angela Carter once wrote that he was "a joyous, acrid and demotic tumbling lyricist Pied Piper, determinedly singing us away from catastrophe." Ted Hughes: "In the world of verse for children, nobody has produced more surprising verse or more genuinely inspired fun than Adrian Mitchell."
Mitchell died at the age of 76 in a North London hospital from a suspected heart attack. For two months he had been suffering from pneumonia. Two days earlier he had completed what turned out to be his last poem, "My Literary Career So Far". He intended it as a Christmas gift to "all the friends, family and animals he loved".
"Adrian", said fellow-poet Michael Rosen, "was a socialist and a pacifist who believed, like William Blake, that everything human was holy. That's to say he celebrated a love of life with the same fervour that he attacked those who crushed life. He did this through his poetry, his plays, his song lyrics and his own performances. Through this huge body of work, he was able to raise the spirits of his audiences, in turn exciting, inspiring, saddening and enthusing them.... He has sung, chanted, whispered and shouted his poems in every kind of place imaginable, urging us to love our lives, love our minds and bodies and to fight against tyranny, oppression and exploitation."
Mitchell is survived by his wife, the actress Celia Hewitt, whose bookshop, Ripping Yarns, is in Highgate, and their two daughters Sasha and Beattie. He also has two sons and a daughter from his previous marriage to Maureen Bush: Briony, Alistair and Danny. There are nine grandchildren: Robin, Arthur, Charlotte, Natasha, Zoe, Caitlin, Annie, Lola and Lilly.
- If You See Me Comin′, novel (Jonathan Cape, 1962)
- Poems (Jonathan Cape, 1964; 978-0224608732)
- Out Loud (Cape Goliard, 1968)
- Ride the Nightmare (Cape, 1971; ISBN 978-0224005630)
- Tyger: A Celebration Based on the Life and Works of William Blake (Cape, 1971; ISBN 978-0224006521)
- The Apeman Cometh (Cape, 1975; ISBN 978-0224011471)
- Man Friday, novel (Futura, 1975; ISBN 978-0860072744)
- For Beauty Douglas: Collected Poems 1953–79, illus. Ralph Steadman (Allison & Busby, 1981; ISBN 978-0850313994)
- On the Beach at Cambridge: New Poems (Allison and Busby, 1984; ISBN 978-0850315639)
- Nothingmas Day, illus. John Lawrence (Allison & Busby, 1984; ISBN 978-0850315325)
- Love Songs of World War Three: Collected Stage Lyrics (Allison and Busby, 1988; ISBN 978-0850319910)
- All My Own Stuff, illus. Frances Lloyd (Simon & Schuster, 1991; ISBN 978-0750004466)
- Adrian Mitchell's Greatest Hits – The Top Forty, illus. Ralph Steadman (Bloodaxe Books, 1991; ISBN 978-1852241643)
- Blue Coffee: Poems 1985–1996 (Bloodaxe, 1996; 1997 reprint, ISBN 978-1852243623)
- Heart on the Left: Poems 1953–1984 (Bloodaxe, 1997; ISBN 978-1852244255)
- Balloon Lagoon and Other Magic Islands of Poetry, illus. Tony Ross (Orchard Books, 1997; ISBN 978-1860396595)
- Nobody Rides the Unicorn, illus. Stephen Lambert (Corgi Children's, new edn 2000; ISBN 978-0552546171)
- All Shook Up: Poems 1997–2000 (Bloodaxe, 2000; ISBN 978-1852245139)
- The Shadow Knows: Poems 2001–2004 (Bloodaxe, 2004)
- Tell Me Lies: Poems 2005–2008, illus. Ralph Steadman (Bloodaxe, 2009; ISBN 978-1852248437)
- Umpteen Pockets, illus. Tony Ross (Orchard Books, 2009; ISBN 978-1408303634)
- Daft as a Doughnut (Orchard Books, 2009; ISBN 978-1408308073)
- Shapeshifters: Tales from Ovid's Metamorphoses, illus. Alan Lee (Frances Lincoln, 2009; ISBN 978-1845075361)
- Come on Everybody: Poems 1953–2008 (Bloodaxe, 2012; ISBN 978-1852249465)
- 1961 Eric Gregory Award
- 1966 PEN Translation Prize
- 1971 Tokyo Festival Television Film Award
- 2005 CLPE Poetry Award (shortlist) for Daft as a Doughnut
- Kustow, Michael (21 December 2008). "Poet Adrian Mitchell dies, aged 76". The Guardian. Retrieved 31 March 2011.
- "Words for Adrian...". Adrian Mitchell's website. Retrieved 26 December 2014.
- "Adrian Mitchell: Poet and playwright whose work was driven by his pacifist politics". London: The Independent. 23 December 2008. Archived from the original on 26 December 2008. Retrieved 5 January 2009.
- "Poet Adrian Mitchell dies at 76". BBC Online. 21 December 2008. Archived from the original on 3 January 2009. Retrieved 5 January 2009.
- Red Pepper magazine, 2002.
- Rotterdam International Poetry Festival Archived 31 January 2009 at the Wayback Machine.
- Poetry Archive, Adrian Mitchell
- Kaya Burgess (22 December 2008). "Adrian Mitchell, 'Shadow Poet Laureate', dies aged 76". London: The Times. Retrieved 5 January 2009.
- "My Life". Adrian Mitchell's website. Retrieved 26 December 2014.
- Grimes, William (23 December 2008). "Adrian Mitchell, British Poetry's Voice of the Left, Dies at 76". The New York Times. Archived from the original on 9 May 2013. Retrieved 5 January 2009.
- David Walsh, "To the Memory of Adrian Mitchell", World Socialist Web Site, 24 December 2008.
- "Adrian Mitchell". The Daily Telegraph. 13 January 2009. Retrieved 3 August 2013.
- Woolf, Jan (24 December 2003). "Obituary Letter: Adrian Mitchell". London: The Guardian. Retrieved 5 January 2009.
- Rosen, Michael (21 December 2003). "Adrian Mitchell 1932–2008". Socialist Worker. Archived from the original on 29 January 2009. Retrieved 5 January 2009.
- "Shapeshifters: tales from Ovid's Metamorphoses". WorldCat. Retrieved 28 November 2012.
|Wikiquote has quotations related to: Adrian Mitchell|
- Official website
- The Poetry Archive
- Adrian Mitchell at British Council: Literature
- The Argotist interview (1996)
- on YouTube – 1978 recording of "Victor Jara" by the band Shenandoah (poem "Victor Jara" by Adrian Mitchell; music by Arlo Guthrie)
Obituaries and tributes
- To the memory of Adrian Mitchell World Socialist web site
- Michael Horovitz, "Adrian Mitchell: Poet and playwright whose work was driven by his pacifist politics", The Independent, 23 December 2008.
- Michael Kustow, "Poet Adrian Mitchell dies, aged 76", The Guardian, 21 December 2008.
- "Adrian Mitchell", Daily Telegraph, 13 January 2009.
- "Adrian Mitchell: protest poet and prose writer", The Times, 23 December 2008.
- William Grimes, "Adrian Mitchell, British Poetry’s Voice of the Left, Dies at 76", The New York Times, 23 December 2008.
- Dan Carrier, "‘Adrian was a genius. He was a tender, political poet who never compromised’", Camden New Journal, 23 December 2008.
- Michael Rosen, "Passionate poet unafraid of the big stuff", The Times, 23 December 2008.
- "Shadow on the sun", Red Pepper, March 2009.