Adullam Grove Nature Reserve

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Adullam Grove Nature Reserve
שמורת טבע חורש עדולם
Location Central Israel
Nearest city Beit Shemesh
Coordinates 31°39′08″N 34°57′22″E / 31.6522848°N 34.95609°E / 31.6522848; 34.95609Coordinates: 31°39′08″N 34°57′22″E / 31.6522848°N 34.95609°E / 31.6522848; 34.95609
Area 6,532 dunams (6.532 km2; 2.522 sq mi)
Established 1994

Adullam Grove Nature Reserve (Hebrew: שמורת טבע חורש עדולם‎‎) is a nature reserve in central Israel, south of Beit Shemesh, managed by the Israel Nature and National Parks Protection Authority.

Nature reserve[edit]

Ruins of Byzantine church, Khirbet Midras, 2010

The reserve was established in 1994, covering 5,380 dunams (5.38 km2; 2.08 sq mi) and was extended to include another 1,152 dunams (1.152 km2; 0.445 sq mi) in 2004.[1] The reserve was declared in order to protect Mediterranean forests, woodlands, and scrub that grow naturally in the area.

Colombarium at Hurvat Midras

Archaeology[edit]

Horvat Midras (Hebrew) or Khirbet Midras (Arabic), sometimes spelled Madras, dated to the 10th century BCE until approximately the 4th century CE, is located within the boundaries of the reserve.[2] Burial caves, hiding tunnels and caves used during the Bar Kokhba revolt in 132-135 CE, a columbarium, and a burial pyramid were discovered at the site. [3]

Flora and fauna[edit]

Flora include Buckthorn trees (Rhamnus palaestinus), Oak trees, Greek Strawberry trees, Pistacia lentiscus trees, and various types of Cistus and Hyssop.[4]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "List of National Parks and Nature Reserves" (PDF) (in Hebrew). Israel Nature and Parks Authority. Retrieved 2010-09-27. 
  2. ^ שמורת טבע חורש עדולם - חורבת מדרס [Adullam Woods nature reserve - Hurvat Midras] (in Hebrew). Archived from the original on 19 July 2011. Retrieved 1 December 2010. 
  3. ^ Madras ruins in Park Adullam
  4. ^ "Adullam Nature Reserve" (in Hebrew). iNature.info. Retrieved 2010-12-01. 

External links[edit]