Adur Gushnasp

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The ruins of Takht-e Soleyman, where the Adur Gushnasp fire was stored.

Adur Gushnasp was the name of a Zoroastrian sacred fire of the highest grade (Atash Behram), which served as one of the three most sacred fires of pre-Islamic Iran[1]; the two others being the Adur Farnbag and Adur Burzen-mihr.[2] Out of the three, Adur Gushnasp is the only fire that has been discovered and "for which archaeological, sigillographical, and textual evidence are all available."[2] It was based at modern-day Takht-e Soleyman in the West Azerbaijan Province and established in a temple structure constructed under the Sasanian kings. It served as a prominent site of pilgrimage.[2]

The fire temple was pillaged during the late stages of the Byzantine–Sasanian War of 602–628.



  • Kia, Mehrdad (2016). The Persian Empire: A Historical Encyclopedia [2 volumes]: A Historical Encyclopedia. ABC-CLIO. ISBN 978-1610693912.
  • Payne, Richard E. (2015). A State of Mixture: Christians, Zoroastrians, and Iranian Political Culture in Late Antiquity. Univ of California Press. pp. 1–320. ISBN 9780520961531.
  • Potts, Daniel; Canepa, Matthew (2018). "fires of Iran, great". In Nicholson, Oliver (ed.). The Oxford Dictionary of Late Antiquity. Oxford: Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-866277-8.
  • Pourshariati, Parvaneh (2008). Decline and Fall of the Sasanian Empire: The Sasanian-Parthian Confederacy and the Arab Conquest of Iran. London and New York: I.B. Tauris. ISBN 978-1-84511-645-3.