AdvanFort

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AdvanFort
Industry Security & Safety
Predecessor Samir Farajallah
Successor William H Watson
Founded 2009
Founder Samir Farajallah
Headquarters Herndon, Virginia, USA
Number of locations
17 offices in 16 countries
Area served
Horn of Africa,Indian Ocean, Far East, Red Sea, Arabia Sea, Persian Gulf and Gulf of Oman
Key people
Ahmed Farajallah aka (Al Farajallah) Acting President
Services Security Solutions in High Risk Areas
Revenue 21,000,000USD
Number of employees
100
Divisions 2
Website advanfort.com

AdvanFort is a US private maritime security company founded in 2009 and headquartered in Herndon, Virginia. It focuses on defense and homeland security products, technologies and services. Currently it has more than 100 employees and 200 contractors. In addition to groups of security teams working in several areas of the world and a fleet of operator support vessels in the Indian Ocean, the company has both a mission operations center and a threat analysis center. Until July 2013, it published weekly global piracy threat analysis, available without charge on its website.

In October 2013 Indian government agencies impounded AdvanFort's MV Seaman Guard Ohio and arrested the crew and 25 guards aboard for entering Indian waters without a permit while carrying large quantities of arms, and for illegally obtaining subsidized fuel.

Company[edit]

AdvanFort is a US private maritime security company. It is a signatory with the International Code of Conduct (ICoC) for Pirate Security Providers, and certified with the International Maritime Law Enforcement Academy (IMLEA) The company also belongs to the Security Association for the Maritime Industry (SAMI).[1] It is headquartered in Herndon, Virginia, near Washington, D.C., and also has offices in Turkey, Japan and South Korea, among other countries.[2] AdvanFort is a corporate sponsor of Piracy Daily and sponsors "white papers" on anti-piracy issues.[3]

AdvanFort specializes in maritime security including training, intelligence operations, and information security, and has a focus on providing armed security personnel and fleet assets in high-risk environments. Its fleet of Offshore Supported Vessels (OSVs) allows the company to operate outside a sovereign nation's borders. Most PMSCs must go through the port security of the countries their clients embark from before escorting their clients on their trade route.[4] AdvanFort has six OSVs: MV Seaman Guard Ohio, MV Seaman Guard Virginia, MV Seaman Guard Oklahoma, MV Seaman Guard Alaska, MV Seaman Guard Texas, and MV Seaman Guard Arizona. These vessels operate in the Arabian Sea, the Indian Ocean, and off the Eastern and Western coasts of Africa.[2][5][6] In February 2013, the Panama Maritime Authority approved AdvanFort’s counter-piracy operations for the world's largest ship registry.[7] Previously almost entirely staffed by veterans of the US military,[5] the company has attracted naval personnel from other countries, in particular Estonia,[8][9] some of whom said in 2011 that they were not paid or were insufficiently armed.[10] Also in 2011, the company pleaded guilty in a US district court to "Aiding and Abetting the Making of a False Statement During the Acquisition of Firearms" in connection with a purchase from a supplier who did not secure the correct export license, for which it paid a fine and began serving two years' probation in spring 2013.[2][11]

AdvanFort is owned by US-based Arab billionaire Samir Farajallah, who was also previously its president.[12][13] William H. Watson became president and COO of the company in August 2012.[14][15][16] As of September 2012 the company's advisory board included Charles Dragonette, a retired Senior Commercial Maritime Operations Analyst at the U.S. Office of Naval Intelligence, Rear Admiral Joel Whitehead (USCG-Ret), John A.C. Cartner, a master mariner and maritime and admiralty attorney, and Michael Crye, an attorney and retired Coast Guard Captain.[16] In January 2014 it was announced that Watson and Cartner had both left the company, amid rumors that it was financially shaky;[17][18] vice chairman Ahmed Farajallah was appointed acting president and the company is being restructured.[19][20]

2013 Seaman Guard Ohio incident[edit]

Gulf of Mannar

On October 12, 2013, the MV Seaman Guard Ohio was intercepted within Indian Waters by ICGS Naiki Devi and escorted to VOC Chidambaranar Port in Thoothukudi (Tuticorin).[21][22][23][24] The ship had been close to a protected maritime conservation zone, the Gulf of Mannar Marine National Park, a Biosphere Reserve,[25] and fishermen informed Indian coastal police that the ship was carrying armed guards. The ship was spotted via satellite while refuelling.[26] Defense personnel said that the interception occurred as the Seaman Guard Ohio was anchored barely 3.8 nautical miles from the baseline from which Indian territorial waters commence.[27] This corresponds to 10.75 nautical miles off Vilangushuli Island.[28]

While in port, the crew were denied access to welfare facilities offered by The Mission to Seafarers.[29]

AdvanFort stated that the ship did not have permission to sail into the Indian waters,[30] but that it had done so partly to avoid the effects of Cyclone Phailin and had been invited to do so by the Coast Guard,[31] for which the company president thanked the Indian government.[32] AdvanFort called the arrests of crew members "inappropriate" and said that the company would explore diplomatic and legal avenues to obtain their release.[31] Advanfort was subsequently accused of not supporting its contractors, leaving them to pay for their own defence, bail, food and housing.[33]

Indian maritime authorities said that the master of the vessel had not obtained clearances to enter Indian waters, and that the refueling, "suspected to be subsidised diesel in this case, within the Customs Waters ... can amount to smuggling ... The question of escaping from Phailin does not arise as the cyclone had no impact in that area."[34]

According to Coast Guard Commandant Anand Kumar, the ship's master did not explain why the ship was patrolling in the Bay of Bengal when its permit was limited to the Indian Ocean, and why no permits were available on board for the weapons and ammunition the ship was carrying.[35] Indian authorities impounded the ship as well as 35 weapons, including sophisticated semi-automatic rifles along with around 5,700 rounds of ammunition, until paperwork demonstrating permission to enter Indian waters could be shown.[36][37] The 10 crew and 25 guards aboard—14 Estonians, 12 Indians, 6 Britons and 1 Ukrainian[38]—were interrogated by a federal multi-agency joint investigation team made up of members of the Indian Coast Guard, Indian Navy, Customs, Research and Analysis Wing (RAW) and the Q Branch of Intelligence Bureau.[39][40][41][42][43][44] Between October 18 and 19 they were disembarked and remanded to judicial custody until 31 October;[45] they were interned at Palayamkottai Central Prison in Tirunelveli.[46] On October 23, 22 of the 23 foreign citizens were transferred to Puzhal Central Prison in Chennai.[47] On October 25, the Q Branch of Indian Police were given custody of a British national and two Indian nationals for five days.[48] On October 30 they and the Indians who had sold them fuel were denied bail.[49]

Tamil Nadu Police Coastal Security Group filed a FIR against the crew and guards of the ship on October 13, for unauthorised entrance into Indian waters in the Bay of Bengal with arms and ammunition and also for improper purchase of subsidized marine fuel.[26][50][51] Indian investigators have involved US embassy officials in the probe.[52][53][54][55]

In late December 2013 an Indian court made a provisional ruling ordering all crew members of the Seaman Guard Ohio released on bail, but bail was subsequently revoked and the crew ordered to be held in custody until completion of the investigation.[56][57] On 14 February 2014, the Thoothukudi court gave individual copies of the 2,158-page charge-sheet to all those accused in connection with the case and extended the judicial custody of those detained to 25 February 2014.[58] On 18 February, the Madras High Court dismissed the petition for bail introduced by twelve Indian detainees.[59][60]

On 14 March 2014, the relatives of six former British soldiers included among those jailed delivered a 136,000-strong petition to Downing Street seeking the help of the British prime minister in securing bail for the men by making the UK government a guarantor for their bail conditions.[61][62][63] On 26 March 2014, the Madurai Bench of the Madras High Court granted conditional bail to 33 of the 35 Advanfort employees held in India. Bail applications of ship captain Dudnik Valentyn and tactical deployment officer Paul David Dennish Towers were dismissed by the High Court as well as a lower court.[64][65]

On 22 May 2014, Judicial Magistrate Kathiravan turned down a petition by Advanfort to secure the release MV Seaman Guard Ohio.[66]

On 10 July 2014, Justice P N Prakash of the Madras high court dismissed criminal charges filed against the crew and armed-guards of the MV Seaman Guard Ohio under the Arms Act. The judge explained the reasons for the detention of the vessel as well as dismissal of criminal charges by saying : "I hold that the anchoring of MV Seaman Guard Ohio within our territorial sea was out of necessity and their action is saved by the principle of 'innocent passage' contemplated by Section 4(1) of the Territorial Waters, Continental Shelf, Exclusive Economic Zone and Other Maritime Zone Act, 1976 and Article 18 and 19 of UNCLOS. Therefore, the crew and the security guards cannot be prosecuted for an offence under the Arms Act."[67] Justice P N Prakash reaffirmed that both the Captain of the MV Seaman Guard Ohio and the supplier of 10 drums of diesel fuel are punishable under the Essential Commodities and Control Act for the improper purchase of subsidized marine fuel.[68]

Tamil Nadu CID ‘Q’ Branch police lodged an appeal with the Indian Supreme Court against the ruling handed out at the Chennai (Madras) High Court.[69][70]

On 1 July 2015, the Indian Supreme Court heard an appeal filed by the CID ‘Q’ Branch police against the 2014 judgement by the Madras High Court. Supreme Court Bench of Justices Vikramjit Sen and Abhay Manohar Sapre set aside the High Court’s decision as “illegal and erroneous.” explaining that “The very fact that huge quantity of arms and ammunition were recovered from the possession of the crew members from the vessel and they were unable to satisfy their legal possession over such arms/ammunition is sufficient to attract the provisions of Arms Act,”.[71] The Supreme Court ordered the Tuticorin District Principal Sessions Court to complete the trial of the case and give its judgment within six months.[72]

The crew of MV Seaman Guard Ohio, already freed from police custody but ordered to remain in India, can only obtain their "No Objection Certificate" (NOC) to leave Indian territory after the case is fully settled in Indian courts.

The case has potentially important legal ramifications for India's interpretation of its maritime sovereignty.[73]

On 11 January 2016, judge of Tuticorin District Principal Sessions Court sentenced all the 10 crew and 25 guards to undergo 5 years of imprisonment and a fine of Rs. 3000 each.[74][75]

On Monday, 27th November 2017 the Chennai Appeal Court announced that the accused have been acquitted and are awaiting clearance to leave India.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "AdvanFort". Seasecurity.org. Retrieved 2013-10-15. 
  2. ^ a b c "US company to undertake anti-piracy patrols off Benin". DefenceWeb. September 12, 2013. Retrieved 2013-10-15. 
  3. ^ "AdvanFort Inaugurates First Expert White Paper on Counter Piracy". World Maritime News. June 19, 2013. Retrieved 2013-10-15. 
  4. ^ "AdvanFort Stresses Best Practices in Deterring Pirates". iChainnel. May 9, 2013. Retrieved 2013-10-15. 
  5. ^ a b Ion Tiţa-Călin (November 4, 2010). "ONU declară 'război' piraţilor somalezi (UN declares 'war' on Somali pirates)" (in Romanian). Cuget Liber. 
  6. ^ "Somalio piratai išsigando ginkluotų estų (Somali pirates were afraid of armed Estonians)" (in Lithuanian). Delfi. April 11, 2011. 
  7. ^ "US AdvanFort to protect Panama-flagged vessels against pirates". Shipping.seenews.com. February 12, 2013. Retrieved 2013-10-15. 
  8. ^ "Navy Officers Quit En Masse to Join Private Companies". ERR News Estonian Public Broadcasting. April 12, 2011. 
  9. ^ "Американская фирма перекупает эстонских офицеров (American company outbids Estonian officers)" (in Russian). Regnum Baltica. April 8, 2011. Retrieved 2013-10-30. 
  10. ^ "Anti-Piracy Guards Claim Marsec Company Left Them Defenseless in Hazardous Waters". ERR News Estonian Public Broadcasting. November 17, 2011. 
  11. ^ Lakshman, Narayan (October 17, 2013). "Armed ship in India had prior brushes with law". The Hindu. 
  12. ^ "AdvanFort Expands Operations in Europe" (Press release). AdvanFort UK. September 23, 2010. 
  13. ^ Balakrishnan, Bhaskar (October 24, 2013). "Rogue vessels in Indian waters". The Hindu Business Line. 
  14. ^ "Will Watson joins AdvanFort as President" (Press release). AdvanFort. September 12, 2012. 
  15. ^ "AdvanFort President William Watson: Ransoms to pirates remain a spiraling illegal tax on the 90% of world's goods that move by sea". Boating Industry. May 16, 2013. Retrieved 2013-10-15. 
  16. ^ a b "Integrated Intelligence for the International Intermodal Cargo Security Business". Cargo Security International. September 12, 2012. Retrieved 2013-10-15. 
  17. ^ Veskioja, Risto (January 13, 2014). "Homses Eesti Päevalehes: Eesti piraaditõrjujatele tööd andnud firmast jooksevad inimesed laiali" (in Estonian). Delfi Rahva hääl. 
  18. ^ Veskioja, Risto (January 14, 2014). "Vangistatud laevakaitsjate tööandja AdvanFort seisab pankroti serval". Eesti Päevaleht (in Estonian). 
  19. ^ "AdvanFort Begins Internal Restructuring". MarineLink. March 6, 2014. 
  20. ^ Howard, Gary (March 10, 2014). "Advanfort president quits, 35 guards remain in Indian prison". Sea-Trade Global. 
  21. ^ "Arms-laden US ship in Tuticorin: No clear answers yet". News X. October 15, 2013. Archived from the original on October 17, 2013. 
  22. ^ "Ship detained within Indian waters:Police". New Indian Express. October 18, 2013. 
  23. ^ "U.S. vessel's entry into Indian waters illegal: police official". The Hindu. October 18, 2013. 
  24. ^ "TN police defends detention of US ship & crew". Business Standard. October 17, 2013. 
  25. ^ "Armed guards back in spotlight after detention of anti-piracy ship in India". Live Mint. October 24, 2013. 
  26. ^ a b "Detained American ship illegally bought diesel". October 15, 2013. 
  27. ^ Vijaykumar, S (24 October 2013). "US vessel was anchored close to baseline". The Hindu. Retrieved 17 January 2016. 
  28. ^ Kumar, S. Vijay (October 24, 2013). "US vessel was anchored close to baseline". The Hindu. 
  29. ^ "India bars charity from visiting Seaman Guard Ohio detainees". Lloyd's List. October 23, 2013. 
  30. ^ "MHA seeks detailed report on US ship carrying arms". New Indian Express. October 15, 2013. 
  31. ^ a b UPI (October 22, 2013). "Seaman Guard owner to fight arrest of ship's crew in India". 
  32. ^ "AdvanFort thanks Indian officials for providing safe harbor for its vessel". Piracy Daily. October 13, 2013. 
  33. ^ "AdvanFort accused of abandoning British men facing India trial". BBC News. 7 September 2015. 
  34. ^ Kumar, S. Vijay (October 16, 2013). "Foreign ship entered Indian waters intentionally". The Hindu. 
  35. ^ "India Seizes U.S. Maritime Security Ship which was patrolling in the Bay of Bengal when its permit was limited to the Indian Ocean". Wall Street Journal. October 14, 2013. 
  36. ^ "India seizes Sierra Leone-flagged ship Seaman Guard Ohio owned by Virginia-based AdvanFort". Reuters. October 13, 2013. 
  37. ^ "Crew of US ship arrested, arms, ammunition seized". Tehelka. October 18, 2013. 
  38. ^ It was later reported that the captain, chief engineer, and one security guard were Ukrainian: "Foreign Ministry: Indian court again detains Seaman Guard Ohio crewmembers, including three Ukrainians". Interfax-Ukraine. January 9, 2014. 
  39. ^ Kumar, S. Vijay (October 13, 2013). "Ship with armed guards detained in Indian waters". The Hindu. 
  40. ^ "US ship with armed guards detained at Tuticorin; no papers authorising possession of arms". NDTV. October 13, 2013. 
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  42. ^ "Arrested personnel of US ship fine, one under stress". GulfNews. October 21, 2013. 
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  47. ^ "22 sailors of US ship being shifted to Chennai's Puzhal prison for 'security reasons'". Times of India. October 23, 2013. 
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  53. ^ "Indian police arrest crew of US-owned anti-piracy escort ship and seize guns". The Guardian. October 18, 2013. 
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  55. ^ "India Arrests Crew of US-Owned Anti-Piracy Ship". New Indian Express. October 19, 2013. 
  56. ^ "Foreign Ministry: Indian court again detains Seaman Guard Ohio crewmembers, including three Ukrainians". Interfax-Ukraine. January 9, 2014. 
  57. ^ "Court revokes bail for Seaman Guard Ohio 35". MarineLog. January 8, 2014. 
  58. ^ "Custody of U.S. ship crew extended untill Feb. 25". The Hindu. February 14, 2014. 
  59. ^ "Bail plea of Indian crew dismissed". Times of India. TNN. February 19, 2014. 
  60. ^ "Tamil Nadu opposes bail to 35 US ship crew, diesel supplier". Times of India. TNN. March 14, 2014. 
  61. ^ "David Cameron urged to help British ex-soldiers jailed in India". BBC World News. March 14, 2014. 
  62. ^ "Bail hope for former British servicemen held in India". BBC World News. March 20, 2014. 
  63. ^ "Pirate hunter Nick Dunn to be released on bail". Chronicle Live. March 20, 2014. 
  64. ^ "Hotel manager opposes quashing of case against U.S. ship crew". The Hindu. June 18, 2014. 
  65. ^ "City hotel says crew of US ship owe 8 lakh". Times of India. June 18, 2014. 
  66. ^ "Court declines to release M V Seamen Guard Ohio". Business Standard. May 22, 2014. 
  67. ^ "Madras high court quashes criminal case against crew of US ship". Times of India. 10 July 2014. 
  68. ^ "HC quashes invoking of Arms Act registerd against crew of US". Business Standard. 10 July 2014. 
  69. ^ "US ship: Tamil Nadu police to move Supreme Court". Deccan Chronicle. 15 August 2014. 
  70. ^ "British crew of MV Seaman Guard Ohio face new setback". BBC World News. 3 October 2014. 
  71. ^ "SC demands truth about mystery ship". The Hindu. 5 July 2015. 
  72. ^ "Framing of charges in armed vessel case on August 24". The Hindu. 24 August 2015. 
  73. ^ Black, Noah (November 18, 2013). "Criminal Jurisdiction over Maritime Security in the Indian Ocean". Cornell International Law Journal. 
  74. ^ "Five-year jail terms for crew, guards of US ship". business-standard. Retrieved 11 January 2016. 
  75. ^ "Five-year RI for 35 U.S. ship crew members". The Hindu. Retrieved 11 January 2016. 

External links[edit]