Advanced Fashion Design and Technology
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Advanced Fashion Design and Technology is the manufacturing process related to fashion which integrates the newest technologies.
It specifically refers not only to the design process, but furthermore to the manufacturing, which is defined as being "advanced". It utilizes CAD, to patternmake and design. The first CAD package for clothing came out in 1985, which significantly helped to decrease inefficiencies in making and readjusting panel patterns. Since 1985, computer clothing design software packages have made tremendous advancements.
- Fashion drawing;
- Fashion trends and forecasting;
- Trade sketching;
- Embellishing garments;
- Using electronic fashion design tools;
- Interacting/networking with the fashion design industry
- Quality assurance
Another way that technology has contributed to the fashion industry is in the manufacturing process. Many garments today are produced through outsourcing in other countries. A way to do this efficiently and effectively is through Tech Packs. Tech Packs contain 9 pages of information that help the manufacturer communicate with the designer. Here is the order of the pages:
- A summary page with a drawn example of the garment (usually using Adobe Illustrator)
- Construction details (in-depth details of different pieces to the garment)
- Dimensions (in-depth measurements of garment)
- Order of Operation (order of construction)
- Component (list of different pieces/trims involved)
- Cost Section (cost and quantity of materials)
- Label Section (illustration and description of tags/labels on garment)
- Shipping (manner in which product is packaged and shipped)
- History (any changes prior to finishing)
In recent times, many organizations have started offering customization software including apparel design software, t-shirt customization tool, suit designing software and much more. These software ease the work of fashion designers and apparel manufacturers. iDesigniBuy, Customink, Fluid and Productimize are some of the leading fashion designing software providers.
The fashion industry has been using databases to aggregate and organize information specific to the industry. Below are some examples of such databases.
1. Mix-and-Match databases
The mix-and-match database is a database that is being used in Hong Kong. Traditionally, fashion companies depend on sales associates to complementary clothing recommendations for customers. The mix-and-match database essentially does the same thing, but in a different way. In order to use this database all clothes in the store have to be tagged with a radio frequency identification (RFID) tag.. In addition, each fitting room has to be equipped with a computer monitor. When a customer brings a clothing item with a RFID tag into the fitting room, the computer monitor will identify the garment, and display photographs of complementary items using the database.>
2. Fashion Library databases
An example of a useful database that is the National Fashion Institute of Fashion Technology's Virtual Fashion Library (VFL) in India. This database is specifically organized to meet the needs of India's fashion designers. The VFL's most useful tool is its Fashion Image Inventory. The inventory includes three image banks: the Indian fashion museum, the virtual swatch library, and archives of fashion shows. The Indian fashion museum contains pictures and videos of Indian costumes and dress throughout various historical periods. The virtual swatch library includes a collection of fabrics from all over India which helps designers select fabrics and patterns made in India. The archives fashion show contains videos of India's top fashion runway shows.
- Course listing by Australian Institute of Fashion Design
- Wong, W.K., et al. “A fashion mix-and-match expert system for fashion retailers using fuzzy screening approach.” Science Direct. 2009:1750-1763. Inspec. University of Michigan Libraries, Ann Arbor, MI. March 26, 2009.
- Kumar, Sanjeev, and Nandini Dutta. “Designing a National Fashion Information System: A perspective plan.” The International Information & Library Review. 2006:43-44. Inspec. University of Michigan Libraries, Ann Arbor, MI. March 26, 2009.
- Walter, and White. Technical Design Emersion Text. Print.