Adventure Time title card featuring Finn and Jake.
|Also known as||Adventure Time with
Finn & Jake
|Genre||Comedy, fantasy, adventure|
|Created by||Pendleton Ward|
|Directed by||Larry Leichliter|
|Creative director(s)||Patrick McHale
|Voices of||Jeremy Shada
Dee Bradley Baker
Polly Lou Livingston
|Opening theme||"Adventure Time", performed by Pendleton Ward|
|Ending theme||"The Island Song", performed by Ashley Eriksson|
|Composer(s)||Casey James Basichis
|Country of origin||United States|
|No. of seasons||6|
|No. of episodes||199 (list of episodes)|
|Executive producer(s)||Pendleton Ward
Derek Drymon (Season 1 only)
|Running time||6 minutes (pilot only)
|Production company(s)||Frederator Studios
Cartoon Network Studios
|Original channel||Cartoon Network
Nicktoons (pilot only)
|Picture format||1080i (16:9 HDTV)|
|Original release||Pilot: January 11, 2007
Official: April 5, 2010 – present
|Preceded by||Random! Cartoons|
|Related shows||Random! Cartoons
The Marvelous Misadventures of Flapjack
Over the Garden Wall[nb 1]
Adventure Time (originally titled Adventure Time with Finn & Jake) is an American animated television series created by Pendleton Ward for Cartoon Network. The series follows the adventures of Finn (voiced by Jeremy Shada), a human boy, and his best friend and adoptive brother Jake (voiced by John DiMaggio), a dog with magical powers to change shape and grow and shrink at will. Finn and Jake live in the post-apocalyptic Land of Ooo. Along the way, they interact with the other main characters of the show: Princess Bubblegum (voiced by Hynden Walch), The Ice King (voiced by Tom Kenny), and Marceline the Vampire Queen (voiced by Olivia Olson). The series is based on a short produced for Nicktoons and Frederator Studios' animation incubator series Random! Cartoons. After the short became a viral hit on the Internet, Cartoon Network picked it up for a full-length series that previewed on March 11, 2010, and officially premiered on April 5, 2010.
The series, which is heavily inspired by the fantasy role-playing game Dungeons & Dragons as well as video games, is produced via hand-drawn animation. Episodes are created through the process of storyboarding, and a single episode takes roughly eight to nine months to complete, although multiple episodes are worked on at the same time. The Adventure Time cast records their lines together in group recordings as opposed to different recording sessions with each voice actor, and the series also regularly employs guest actors and actresses for minor and recurring characters. Each Adventure Time episode is about eleven minutes in length; pairs of episodes are often telecast in order to fill a half-hour program time slot. The series has completed six seasons, and has also been renewed for a seventh season, which will air sometime in the Fall of 2015, and also contain a special mini-series. A feature-length film is also in the works.
Ever since its debut, Adventure Time has been a ratings success for Cartoon Network, with the highest-rated episodes scoring over 3 million viewers. The show has received positive reviews from critics and has developed a strong following among teenagers and adults. Adventure Time has won two Annie Awards among fourteen nominations, two Primetime Emmy Awards among seven nominations, two British Academy Children's Awards, a Motion Picture Sound Editors Award, a Pixel Award, a Peabody Award, and a Kerrang! Award. The series has also been nominated for three Critics' Choice Television Awards, two Annecy Festival Awards, and a Sundance Film Festival Award, among others. Its comic book spin-off won an Eisner Award and two Harvey Awards. In addition, the series has also produced various clothing and merchandise, video games, comic books, and DVD compilations.
- 1 Premise
- 2 Development
- 3 Broadcast
- 4 Reception
- 5 Related media
- 6 Home media
- 7 Notes
- 8 References
- 9 External links
The series follows the adventures of Finn, a human boy, and his best friend and adoptive brother Jake, a dog with magical powers to change shape and grow and shrink at will. Ward describes Finn as a "fiery little kid with strong morals", while Jake is based on Bill Murray's character Tripper Harrison from Meatballs. Finn and Jake live in the post-apocalyptic Land of Ooo. Along the way, they interact with the other main characters of the show: Princess Bubblegum (voiced by Hynden Walch), the sovereign of the Candy Kingdom; the Ice King (voiced by Tom Kenny), a menacing but largely misunderstood ice wizard; and Marceline the Vampire Queen (voiced by Olivia Olson), a thousand-year old half-demon rock music enthusiast.
Concept and creation
According to series creator Pendleton Ward, the show's style was influenced both by his time attending California Institute of the Arts and by his experience working as a writer and storyboard artist on The Marvelous Misadventures of Flapjack. In an interview with Animation World Network, Ward explained that he also strives to combine the series' subversive humor with "beautiful" moments, using Hayao Miyazaki's film My Neighbor Totoro as inspiration. The show began as a single stand-alone animated short which ran for seven minutes. Ward created the short almost entirely by himself, and wrapped up production for the short in the spring of 2006. It originally aired on Nicktoons Network as a stand-alone short January 11, 2007, and was later re-aired as part of Frederator Studios' Random! Cartoons on December 7, 2008. After its initial release, the short video became a viral hit on the internet. Frederator Studios then pitched an Adventure Time series to Nicktoons Network, but the network passed on it twice. Eventually, the studio's rights to pick up the show expired, and Frederator, the short's production animation studio, decided to shop it to other channels. Cartoon Network was approached, and they said they would be willing to produce the series if Ward could prove that the series could be expanded into a series while maintaining elements from the original short. Rob Sorcher, the chief content officer at Cartoon Network, was influential in getting the network to take a chance on the show; he recognized the series as "something that felt really indie [...] comic book-y [and] really new."
Ward quickly retooled the concept of the pilot; he wanted a potential series to be "fully realized", rather than be characterized by the "pre-school vibe" that permeated the original pilot. Ward, with help from his college friends Patrick McHale and Adam Muto, turned in a rough storyboard that featured Finn and an "oblivious" Princess Bubblegum going on a spaghetti-supper date. However, the network was not happy with this story, and asked for another. Ward then created an early storyboard for the episode "The Enchiridion!" which was his attempt to emulate the style of the original Nicktoons short. Cartoon Network approved the first season in September 2008, and "The Enchiridion!" became the first episode to enter into production. Ward and his production team began storyboarding episodes and writing plot outlines. However, Cartoon Network was still concerned as to what direction the show would head. During the pitch of the episode "Brothers in Insomnia" (which would eventually be scrapped), McHale recounted that the entire room was filled with executives from Cartoon Network. And while the pitch went well, the production staff was soon inundated with more questions about the stylistic nature of the series. Hoping to ameliorate these issues, Cartoon Network management decided to hire three animation veterans who had worked on SpongeBob SquarePants: Derek Drymon (who served as executive producer for the first season), Merriwether Williams (who served as head story editors for season one and two), and Nick Jennings (who was brought on as the series' art director). Thurop Van Orman, the creator of The Marvelous Misadventures of Flapjack, was also hired for the first two seasons to help guide Ward and his staff.
One of the major changes from the pilot to the series was the new-found emphasis placed on the background art. Dan "Ghostshrimp" James, a freelance illustrator who had also storyboarded on Flapjack, was tasked with designing the world of the show; reportedly, he was told by Ward to make the series look like it took "place in a 'Ghostshrimp World'". He designed major locations, such as Finn and Jake's home, the Candy Kingdom, and the Ice Kingdom. During the production for season one, Ward was also instrumental in assembling a storyboard team for his series. He was drawn towards "younger, inexperienced people", and he utilized the Internet to aid in his search. It was during this time that Phil Rynda was hired; he would serve as the series' lead character designer for two seasons. In its first season, the series was originally billed as Adventure Time with Finn and Jake. This was because the producers were at first unsure if they could secure the rights to the simpler title Adventure Time. Despite these initial reservations, the end of the original was later dropped.
While many cartoons are based on script pitches to network executives, Cartoon Network allowed Adventure Time to "build their own teams organically" and communication through the use of storyboards and animatics. Cartoon Network chief content officer Rob Sorcher explained that this novel approach was sanctioned because the company was dealing with "primarily visual people" and that by using storyboards the writers and artists could learn and grow "by actually doing the work." Many of the series' artists have backgrounds in indie comics. Pendleton Ward refers to them as "really smart, smartypants people" who were responsible for inserting weirder and more spiritual ideas into the series during its third season.
In an interview with The A.V. Club, Ward explained that the writing process for the show usually begins with the writers telling each other what they had done the past week in an attempt to find something humorous to build off of. He also said that, "a lot of the time, if we're really stuck, we'll start saying everything that comes to our mind, which is usually the worst stuff, and then someone else will think that's terrible but it'll give him a better idea and the ball just starts rolling like that." Ward also revealed that a major inspiration for the series is the fantasy role-playing game Dungeons and Dragons. Before the series aired, many of the writers were avid fans of the game. However, because of the busy schedule that comes with writing and coordinating a television series, they no longer had time to actively play the game. Ward explained that, because the writers were too busy, they would attempt to write stories that they would "want to be playing D&D with." Sometimes, the series' writers and storyboard artists convene and play various writing games. One example is called exquisite corpse, in which one writer starts a story on a sheet of paper, and the paper is folded and another writer tries to finish it. Ward, however, noted that "the ideas are usually terrible". Storyboard artist Cole Sanchez revealed that episodes' scripts are either created by expanding the good ideas that these writing games produce, or are based upon an idea that a storyboard artist proposes, in the hopes that it will develop into an episode.
After the writers pitch the stories, the ideas are compiled onto a "two-to-three" page outline that contain "the important beats". The episodes are then passed to storyboard artists, who are given a week to "thumbnail a storyboard" and fill in the details, complete with action, dialogue, and jokes. Ward and his creative directors then review the storyboard and make notes. The storyboard artists are then given another week to implement the notes and clean up the episode. Storyboard writing and revisioning can take up to a month. Following the revisions, the voices for the episode are recorded and an animatic is compiled to get the timing of the episode down to the necessary 11 minutes. Prop, character, and background designers then create and clean up the designs. Following this, the animation process begins. The episodes' design and coloring are done in Burbank, California. Animation is handled overseas in South Korea, either by Rough Draft Korea or by Saerom Animation.
Actually animating an episode takes about three to five months. During this time, retakes, music scoring, and sound design are completed. Once the animation is finished, it is sent back to America where it is reviewed; during this time, the staff looks for mistakes in the animation, or "things that didn't animate the way [the staff] intended". These issues are then fixed in Korea and the episode is finished. It takes about eight to nine months for a single episode to be created, although multiple episodes are worked on at the same time. According to former lead character designer Phil Rynda, most preproduction is done in Photoshop. The animation is then hand-drawn on paper, then digitally composited. However, there have been elements in episodes that were not hand-drawn, such as the second season entry "Guardians of Sunshine", which was partially rendered in 3-D to emulate a video game, the fifth season episode "A Glitch is a Glitch", which was written and directed by Irish filmmaker and writer David OReilly, and features his distinct 3-D animation, and the episode "Water Park Prank", which features animation courtesy of David Ferguson. Furthermore, a stop-motion episode, helmed by Kirsten Lepore, is slated to air during the show's seventh season.
Ward describes the show as a "dark comedy", explaining that he enjoys "conflicting emotions" and the feeling of "being happy and scared at the same time." Executive producer Fred Seibert compared the show's animation style to that of Felix the Cat and various Max Fleischer cartoons, but said that its world was also equally inspired by Dungeons and Dragons and video games. Ward intends the show's world to have a certain physical logic instead of "cartoony slapstick". As a result, even though magic exists in the story, the show's writers try to create an internal consistency in how the characters interact with the world. In the United States, the series is rated TV-PG, and Ward has said that he does not want to push the show's PG rating. He explained, "I've never really even thought about the rating. [...] we don't like stuff that's overly gross. We like cute stuff and nice things".
The episode "All Your Fault" was the last regular episode of the series to feature a "directed by" credit. The subsequent episode, "Little Dude", only credited Adam Muto as supervising director and Nick Jennings as art director. Muto later explained that as of season five, no one was being credited solely as director. Both Muto and Nate Cash had, in previous episodes, been credited as creative directors, but according to Muto, the series decided to phase the title out in favor of the title "supervising director". "Bad Little Boy", the subsequent episode, however, still had a "directed by" credit. This is due to the fact that the episode was produced before "Little Dude", but aired out of order. Similarly, "A Glitch is a Glitch" also featured a "directed by" credit, but this is due to the fact that the episode's director, OReilly, was a guest animator and director for the series. For the first half of the season, both Muto and Nate Cash took turns holding the supervising director credit on different episodes. Starting with "Shh!", however, Elizabeth Ito, a former storyboard artist for the show in season one, returned to the series and was also credited as supervising director in place of Muto. Muto in turn was promoted to supervising producer, and later co-executive producer. In an interview with Rolling Stone, Ward revealed that he stepped down as series showrunner sometime during the fifth season. The duties of showrunner then fell to Muto.
The voice actors include voice acting veterans John DiMaggio (who portrays Jake the Dog), Tom Kenny (who plays the Ice King), and Hynden Walch (who voices Princess Bubblegum). In addition, Jeremy Shada portrays the voice of Finn the Human, and Olivia Olson portrays Marceline the Vampire Queen. Ward himself provides the voice for several minor characters, as well as Lumpy Space Princess. Former storyboard artist Niki Yang voices the sentient video game console BMO, as well as Jake's girlfriend, Lady Rainicorn. Polly Lou Livingston, a friend of Pendleton Ward's mother, Bettie Ward, plays the voice of the small elephant Tree Trunks. The Adventure Time cast records their lines together in group recordings as opposed to different recording sessions with each voice actor. This is to record more natural sounding dialogue among the characters. Hynden Walch has described these group recordings as akin to "doing a play reading—a really, really out there play." The series also regularly employs guest actors and actresses for minor and recurring characters. The crew members cast people who they are interested in working with. In a panel, both Adam Muto and Kent Osborne noted that the Adventure Time crew has been attempting to cast the entire cast of both Star Trek: The Next Generation and The Office as various characters.
Setting and mythology
The show is set in a fictional continent called the "Land of Ooo", in a post-apocalyptic future about a thousand years after the "Great Mushroom War", essentially a nuclear holocaust. According to Ward, the show takes place "after the bombs have fallen and magic has come back into the world". Before the series was fully developed, Ward's original intention was for the Land of Ooo to simply be "magical". After "Business Time" aired, in which an iceberg containing reanimated business men floats to the surface of a lake, the show suddenly became post-apocalyptic, and Ward notes that the production crew "just ran with it." Ward later described the setting as "candyland on the surface and dark underneath". Ward stated that he has never intended for the Mushroom War and the post-apocalyptic elements to be "hit over the head in the show". In fact, he limited it to "cars buried underground in the background [and elements that do not] raise any eyebrows." Ward has acknowledged that the post-apocalyptic elements of the series were influenced by the 1979 film Mad Max. Kenny called the way the elements are worked into the plot "very fill-in-the-blanks", and DiMaggio noted that "it's been obvious the Land of Ooo has some issues".
The series also has a mythology, or an overarching plot and backstory, that is expanded upon in various episodes. This backstory largely involves the Mushroom War, the origin of the series' principal antagonist the Lich, and the backstory of several of the series principal and recurring characters, such as the Ice King, Marceline, and Princess Bubblegum. Ward has admitted that the details behind the Mushroom War and the series' dark mythology form "a story worthy telling", but that he feels that the show will "save it and continue to dance around how heavy the back-history of Ooo is."
Title sequence and music
Originally, when Ward was developing the title sequences, the rough draft version consisted of quick shots and vignettes that were "just sort of crazy, nonsensical", and that alluded to the show's theme of quirky adventures. These shots included "the characters [...] just punching random ghosts and monsters, jumping through anything and everything [and] there were a bunch of atomic bombs at the end of it". Ward later called this version "really silly". After he sent the draft to the network, they did not enjoy it; they wanted something more graphical, like the intro to The Brady Bunch. Ward, inspired by the intros to The Simpsons and Pee-wee's Playhouse developed a new intro that would feature a panning sweep of the Land of Ooo, all the while, a synthesizer note would slowly rise until the main theme enters. Ward's draft for this idea was handed off to layout animators and the sequence took shape. Notably, Pat McHale worked on the Ice King's shot and gave him a "high school book" smile, and the crew also struggled on getting Marceline's shadows correct. After the panning sweep, the intro cuts to the theme song, with shots of Finn and Jake adventuring. For this part of the sequence, Ward was inspired by the "simple" aspects of the intro for the 2007 comedy film Superbad; when the theme mentions "Jake the Dog" and "Finn the Human", the characters names are displayed next to their heads, with only a solid color in the background. The sequence was finalized right before the series aired.
The theme song for the show, entitled "Adventure Time", is performed by Ward accompanied by a ukulele. The theme was originally used for the pilot episode, although Ward used guitar for the earlier version. Because the ukelele is a higher-pitched instrument, Ward's singing is noticeably in a higher register; he explains that he was "trying to match the ukelele". The theme song used during the credits was originally a temp version. Ward explained, "I recorded the lyrics for the opening title in the animatics room where we have this little crummy microphone just so that we could add it to the titles and submit it to the network. Later, we tried re-recording it and I didn't like it... I only liked the temp one!" According to Ward, much of the music has "hiss and grit" because the show's original composer Casey James Basichis, reportedly "lives in a pirate ship he's built inside of an apartment [and] you can hear floorboards squeak and lots of other weird sounds." As the show progressed, Basichis's friend Tim Kiefer joined the show as an additional composer. The two currently work together on the music.
The series regularly features songs and musical numbers. Many of the cast members—such as Shada, Kenny, and Olson—sing their own songs. Characters often express their emotions via song; examples of this include Marceline's "I'm Just Your Problem", as well as Finn's "All Gummed Up Inside". Although the background music for the series is composed by Basichis and Kiefer, the songs sung by characters are often written by the storyboard artists. For instance, the "Fry Song" was written by storyboard artist Rebecca Sugar, who storyboarded the song's parent episode "It Came from the Nightosphere". Frederator, Seibert's production company, would often post various demos and full versions of songs sung by the characters. The show rarely refers to popular music, although Johnny Cash's 1969 single "A Boy Named Sue" was originally supposed to be featured in the third season episode "Dad's Dungeon", the 1982 song "Where Everybody Knows Your Name" by Gary Portnoy—better known as the theme from the sitcom Cheers—played a pivotal role in the fifth season episode "Simon & Marcy", Tree Trunks sings a karaoke version of the song "(I'd Like to Get You on a) Slow Boat to China" in the fifth season episode "Bad Timing", and the Frank Zappa album Apostrophe (') makes an appearance in the same episode. Furthermore, the promotional television ad for the sixth season premiere "Wake Up" and "Escape from the Citadel" featured the song "Cat's in the Cradle" by Harry Chapin.
Each Adventure Time episode is about eleven minutes in length; pairs of episodes are often telecast in order to fill a half-hour program time slot. The series has completed four seasons of twenty-six episodes each, a fifth season of 52 episodes, and is currently on its sixth season. The series previewed on March 11, 2010, and the first season officially premiered on April 5, 2010. The season concluded on September 27 of the same year. The second season premiered several weeks later, on October 11, and concluded on May 2, 2011. The third season premiered later that year, on July 11, 2011, and finished its run on February 13, 2012. The series' fourth season ran from April 2, 2012 through October 22, 2012. The fifth season ran from November 12, 2012 to March 17, 2014. The sixth season began on April 21, 2014, and ended on June 5, 2015. On July 25, 2014, the series was renewed for a seventh season, which is scheduled to air sometime in the Fall of 2015. On February 18, 2015, Cartoon Network announced that a special miniseries would air as part of the series' seventh season.
|First aired||Last aired|
|Pilot||January 11, 2007|
|1||26||April 5, 2010||September 27, 2010|
|2||26||October 11, 2010||May 9, 2011|
|3||26||July 11, 2011||February 13, 2012|
|4||26||April 2, 2012||October 22, 2012|
|5||52||November 12, 2012||March 17, 2014|
|6||43||April 21, 2014||June 5, 2015|
Since its debut, Adventure Time has been a ratings success for Cartoon Network. The show first premiered on April 5, 2010 and was watched by 2.5 million viewers. The episode was a ratings smash; according to a press release sent out by Cartoon Network, the episode's timeslot saw triple digit percentage increases from the time period of the previous year. For instance, the entry was viewed by 1.661 million kids aged 2–11, which marked a 110 percent increase from the previous year. Furthermore, it was watched by 837,000 kids aged 9–14, which saw a 239 percent increase. The second season premiere, "It Came From the Nightosphere", being watched by 2.001 million viewers, marked a decline from the first season premiere, but it marked an increase from the first season finale, which was watched by only 1.77 million viewers. "It Came from the Nightospere" also marked gains when compared to the same timeslot a year prior; for instance, 732,000 kids aged 6–11 watched the episode, an increase by 35 percent when compared to the previous year. As the show has gone on, its ratings have continued to grow; the third season debut was watched by a total of 2.686 million viewers, the fourth season premiere was watched by 2.655 million, the fifth season opener was watched by 3.435 million, and the sixth season debut was watched by 3.321 million. In March 2013, it was reported that the show averages roughly 2 to 3 million viewers an episode. According to a 2012 report by Nielsen, the show consistently ranks first in its timeslot among boys aged 2 to 14.
The show has received positive reviews from critics and has developed a strong following among children, teenagers, and adults alike; fans are drawn towards Adventure Time due "to the show's silly humor, imaginative stories, and richly populated world." Television critic Robert Lloyd, in an article for the LA Times, said that the series was a good companion piece "to the network's [then] currently airing Chowder and The Marvelous Misadventures of Flapjack." He complimented the setting and compared the show to the two previously mentioned series, noting that each take "place in a fantastical land peopled with strange, somewhat disturbing characters and has at its center a young male person or person-like thing making his way in that world with the help of unusual, not always reliable, mentors." He went on to write that the show is "not unlike CN's earlier Foster's Home for Imaginary Friends, about a boy and his imaginary friend, though darker and stranger and even less connected to the world as we know it." Lloyd also compared it to "the sort of cartoons they made when cartoons themselves were young and delighted in bringing all things to rubbery life."
Mike LeChevallier of Slate magazine awarded the third and fourth seasons of the show four stars out of five. In a review of the third season, LeChevallier wrote that the series "scores relatively high marks for storytelling, artwork, music, voice acting, and realization with its neatly wrapped, 11-minute packages of multicolored awesomeness." He further complimented the show because he felt that "it scarcely appears to be trying too hard to attract attention, yet it does just that". He did note that "the short-form format leaves some emotional substance to be desired", although he argued that this was inevitable for a series with such short episodes. In a review of season four LeChevallier positively complimented the show for "growing up" with its characters, and that "the show's dialogue is among the best of any current animated series." He concluded that the series possesses "strikingly few faults". The A.V. Club reviewer Zack Handlen summed Adventure Time up as "a terrific show, and it fits beautifully in that gray area between kid and adult entertainment in a way that manages to satisfy both a desire for sophisticated (i.e., weird) writing and plain old silliness." He concluded that the show was "basically what would happen if you asked a bunch of 12-year-olds to make a cartoon, only it's the best possible version of that, like if all the 12-year-olds were super geniuses and some of them were Stan Lee and Jack Kirby and the Marx Brothers."
Robert Mclaughlin of Den of Geek wrote that Adventure Time "is the first cartoon in a long time that is pure imagination". He heavily complimented the show for "its non-reliance on continually referencing pop culture [...] and the general outlook is positive and fun." Eric Kohn of IndieWire said that the show "represents the progress of [cartoon] medium" in the current decade. Kohn also enjoyed the way the show not only revels in "random, frequently adorable and effusive" aspects, but also "toys with an incredibly sad subtext". Entertainment Weekly named Adventure Time number 20 on their The 25 Greatest Animated Series Ever list. Later, in 2013, Entertainment Weekly reviewer Darren Franich awarded the series an "A" and called it "a hybrid sci-fi/fantasy/horror/musical/fairy tale, with echoes of Calvin and Hobbes, Hayao Miyazaki, Final Fantasy, Richard Linklater, Where the Wild Things Are, and the music video you made with your high school garage band." Franich praised the series' "consistently inventive" plotlines and its "vivid landscape", as well as its continued maturation. Emily Nussbaum of The New Yorker praised the show, likening it to "World of Warcraft as recapped by Carl Jung", and applauded its unique approach to emotion, humor, and philosophy.
Since its debut, Adventure Time has amassed a steadily growing group of fans. The show is often described as having a cult following among teenagers and adults, although Eric Kohn of Indiewire noted that—while it started out with a cult following—the series has "started to look like one of the biggest television phenomenons of the decade." The show is particularly popular at fan conventions, such as Comic-Con, hosted in San Diego. Reporter Emma-Lee Moss noted, "This year's Comic-Con schedule reflected Adventure Time 's growing success, with several screenings, a dramatic reading with the show's voice talent and a special Adventure Time Cosplay ball."
The show is also popular with cosplayers, or performance artists who wear costumes and fashion accessories to represent a specific character from the Adventure Time universe. Moss wrote: "Looking into the crowd, it was clear that his distinctive blue shirt and white hat were being mirrored by hundreds of Cosplayers, male and female." In an interview, Olivia Olson reported that, "Literally, anywhere you look, anywhere in your range, you're going to see at least two people dressed up like Finn. It's crazy."
Awards and nominations
|2007||Annie Award||Best Animated Short Subject||For "Adventure Time" short||Nominated|
|2010||Primetime Emmy Award||Outstanding Short-Format Animated Program||For "My Two Favorite People"||Nominated|
|2011||Annie Award||Best Animated Television Production for Children||Adventure Time||Nominated|
|Primetime Emmy Award||Outstanding Short-Format Animated Program||For "It Came from the Nightosphere"||Nominated|
|2012||Annie Award||Best Animated Special Production||For "Thank You"||Nominated|
|Best Storyboarding in a Television Production||Rebecca Sugar||Nominated|
|Critics' Choice Television Awards||Best Animated Series||Adventure Time||Nominated|
|Primetime Emmy Award||Outstanding Short-Format Animated Program||For "Too Young"||Nominated|
|2013||Annie Award||Best Animated Television Production For Children||For "Princess Cookie"||Nominated|
|Design in an Animated Television/Broadcast Production||For "The Hard Easy"||Nominated|
|Storyboarding in an Animated Television/Broadcast Production||For "Goliad"||Nominated|
|Storyboarding in an Animated Television/Broadcast Production||For "Lady & Peebles"||Nominated|
|Sundance Film Festival||Animated Short Film||For "Thank You"||Nominated|
|Golden Reel Awards||Sound Effects, Foley, Dialogue, and ADR Animation In Television||For "Card Wars"||Won|
|Annecy International Animated Film Festival||TV Series||For "Princess Cookie"||Nominated|
|Critics' Choice Television Awards||Best Animated Series||Adventure Time||Nominated|
|Teen Choice Awards||Choice Animated Series||Adventure Time||Nominated|
|Primetime Emmy Award||Outstanding Individual Achievement In Animation||Andy Ristaino||Won|
|Outstanding Short-Format Animated Program||For "Simon & Marcy"||Nominated|
|British Academy Children's Awards||International||Adventure Time||Won|
|2014||Annie Award||Best Animated TV/Broadcast Production For Children's Audience||Adventure Time||Won|
|Outstanding Achievement, Production Design in an Animated TV/Broadcast Production||Nick Jennings, et al.||Nominated|
|Outstanding Achievement, Voice Acting in an Animated TV/Broadcast Production||Tom Kenny||Won|
|Outstanding Achievement, Editorial in an Animated TV/Broadcast Production||Paul Douglas||Nominated|
|Hall of Game Awards||Most Valuable Cartoon||Adventure Time||Won|
|Kids' Choice Awards||Favorite Cartoon||Adventure Time||Nominated|
|Critics' Choice Television Awards||Best Animated Series||Adventure Time||Nominated|
|Primetime Emmy Award||Outstanding Individual Achievement In Animation||Nick Jennings||Won|
|Outstanding Short-Format Animated Program||For "Be More"||Nominated|
|Teen Choice Awards||Choice Animated Series||Adventure Time||Nominated|
|Kids' Choice Awards Colombia||Favorite Animated Series||Adventure Time||Nominated|
|Kids' Choice Awards Mexico||Favorite Animated Series||Adventure Time||Nominated|
|British Academy Children's Awards||International||Adventure Time||Won|
|2015||Annie Award||Outstanding Achievement, Directing in an Animated TV/Broadcast Production||Yuasa Masaaki & Eunyoung Choi||Nominated|
|Best Animated TV/Broadcast Production For Children's Audience||Adventure Time||Nominated|
|Pixel Award||Best Television Website||Finn and Jake's Big Adventure||Won|
|Kids' Choice Awards||Favorite Cartoon||Adventure Time||Nominated|
|Peabody Award||Children’s Programming||Adventure Time||Won|
|Kerrang! Award||Best TV Show||Adventure Time||Won|
|Annecy International Animated Film Festival||TV Film||For "Food Chain"||Nominated|
|Kids' Choice Awards Mexico||Favorite Cartoon||Adventure Time||Pending|
|2013||Eisner Award||Best Publication for Kids||Adventure Time comic||Won|
|Harvey Award||Best Original Graphic Publication for Younger Readers||Adventure Time comic||Won|
|Special Award for Humor in Comics||Ryan North||Won|
|2014||Eisner Award||Best Lettering||Britt Wilson||Nominated|
On November 19, 2011, KaBOOM! Studios announced plans for an Adventure Time comic book series written by independent web comic creator Ryan North, noted for penning the series Dinosaur Comics. The series launched February 8, 2012, with art by Shelli Paroline and Braden Lamb. In October 2014, however, it was revealed that North would be leaving the comic series after three years of service. His duties would be assumed by Christopher Hastings, best known as the creator of The Adventures of Dr. McNinja.
After the success of the initial ongoing comic book line, several spin-off miniseries were launched. In April 2012, a six-issue miniseries written by Meredith Gran—who had created the series Octopus Pie—was announced; entitled Adventure Time: Marceline and the Scream Queens, it launched in July 2012 and features the characters of Marceline and Princess Bubblegum touring the Land of Ooo as a part of Marceline's rock band, the titular Scream Queens. Another six-issue miniseries, Adventure Time with Fionna & Cake was launched in January 2013. This series, drawn by Adventure Time series character designer and storyboard revisionist Natasha Allegri, follows the gender-bent characters of Fionna the Human and Cake the Cat from the episode "Fionna and Cake". Other spin-off comic series have been released, included Candy Capers, and Flip Side, each penned and illustrated by different writers and artists. A single 160 page graphic novel titled Adventure Time: Playing with Fire, written by Danielle Corsetto and illustrated by Zack Sterling was released in April 2013. It focused on recurring character Flame Princess, and it followed her on "her very first adventure" with Finn and Jake. A sequel volume, entitled Pixel Princesses, was released on November 6, 2013. In December 2013, it was announced that Kate Leth would be writing a new graphic novel focusing on Marceline and Jake's adventure to the Nightosphere. It was released in March 2014.
A video game based on the series was initially announced by Pendleton Ward on his Twitter account. The game, titled Adventure Time: Hey Ice King! Why'd You Steal Our Garbage?!, was developed by WayForward Technologies for Nintendo DS, and Nintendo 3DS and was released by D3 Publisher on November 20, 2012. Various video games have been released on the iOS App Store, including: the game Legends of Ooo: The Big Hollow Princess, Fionna Fights based on the fifth season gender-swapped episode "Bad Little Boy", Jumping Finn Turbo, Adventure Time – Rock Bandits, "Beemo – Adventure Time", and Ski Safari: Adventure Time. In May 2013, it was announced that a new game will be releasing a new console game called Adventure Time: Explore the Dungeon Because I Don't Know! The game follows Finn and Jake as they strive "to save the Candy Kingdom by exploring the mysterious Secret Royal Dungeon deep below the Land of Ooo." It was released in November 2013. A new video game titled Finn & Jake's Quest was released on April 11, 2014, on Steam. Adventure Time: The Secret of the Nameless Kingdom is due November 2014 for Nintendo 3DS, Xbox 360, PlayStation 3, and PC. Cartoon Network also released a MOBA game Adventure Time: Battle Party on Cartoonnetwork.com, on June 23, 2014. In April 2015, Little Orbit announced the second Adventure Time video game it is publishing for multiple platforms, under the title Finn & Jake Investigations. In April 2015, two separate downloadable content packs were released for LittleBigPlanet 3 on PlayStation 3 and PlayStation 4, one containing costumes (Finn, Jake, Ice King, Gunter and Cosmic Owl) and another containing a level kit with decorations, stickers, music, objects, a background and a bonus Fionna costume.
Jazwares has produced an assortment of 2-, 5-, 10-, and 20-inch licensed action figures for the series, which were launched in the fall of 2011. "Grow Your Own" characters that expand more than 500 percent when immersed in water were also released. Role playing toys have also be produced, with a 24-inch "Finn Sword" being released first. Jazwares is also producing a cuddle pillow of Jake and Lumpy Space Princess. Splat toys of Jake and Lumpy Space Princess have been released as of spring 2012. Since the dramatic series increase in popularity, many graphic t-shirts have been officially licensed through popular clothing retailers like Hot Topic, We Love Fine, and Threadless. Pendleton Ward even hosted t-shirt designing contests on the latter two sites. Other shirts can be purchased directly from Cartoon Network's store. A collectible card game called Card Wars, inspired by the season four episode of the same name, has also been released.
In February 2015, it was reported that a theatrical Adventure Time movie is in development by Warner Bros. Pictures, Frederator Films, Warner Animation Group, and Cartoon Network Movies. The film is being produced and written by creator Pendleton Ward and produced by Roy Lee and Chris McKay.
On September 27, 2011, Cartoon Network released the My Two Favorite People region 1 DVD, which featured a random selection of 12 episodes from the series' first two seasons. The success of this DVD led to the release of several other types of region 1 compilation DVDs, including: It Came from the Nightosphere (2012), Jake vs. Me-Mow (2012), Fionna and Cake (2013), Jake the Dad (2013), The Suitor (2014), Princess Day (2014), Adventure Time and Friends (2014), Finn the Human (2014), and Frost & Fire (2015).
In addition, the first through fourth seasons have been released on DVD and Blu-ray, and the fifth season is slated for release on July 14, 2015. On March 30, 2013, the first season of Adventure Time was made available on the Netflix Instant Watch service for online streaming, and the second season was made available on March 30, 2014. Both seasons were removed on March 30, 2015. Season one through five were eventually made available for streaming on Hulu on May 1, 2015.
- Adventure Time began as a pilot on Random! Cartoons. Pendleton Ward and several crew members from Adventure Time worked as storyboard artists for The Marvelous Adventures of Flapjack before the creation of Adventure Time. Clarence, Steven Universe, and Over the Garden Wall were created by former Adventure Time storyboard artists and writers, Skyler Page, Rebecca Sugar, and Patrick McHale, respectively. Finally, Bravest Warriors is another Ward-created series.
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- Ward, Pendleton. "[Pendleton Ward announcing the first game]". Twitter. Retrieved June 3, 2012.
- "Adventure Time Heading to Nintendo DS Later This Year". Nintendo World Report. 2012-03-23. Retrieved June 3, 2012.
- Seibert, Fred (May 8, 2012). "Adventure Time Art". Frederator Studios. Archived from the original on May 11, 2012.
- "Mobile Games". CartoonNetwork.com. Retrieved March 31, 2013.
- Drake, Audrey (May 14, 2013). "New Adventure Time Game Announced". IGN. News Corporation. Retrieved June 12, 2013.
- Parrish, Peter (April 11, 2014). "Adventure Time game Finn and Jake’s Epic Quest appears on Steam". IncGamers.com. Retrieved May 17, 2014.
- "Adventure Time: The Secret of the Nameless Kingdom". IGN. j2 Global. Retrieved July 24, 2014.
- "Play 'Adventure Time' Battle Party". Cartoon Network. Retrieved July 24, 2014.
- Schuler, Erich (2015-04-21). "Enter the Third Dimension with the New Adventure Time Game". IGN. Retrieved 2015-04-21.
- "LBP 3 Gets Adventure Time Level Kit and Costume Pack". ShopTo. April 29, 2015. Retrieved April 30, 2015.
- Goellner, Caleb (August 16, 2011). "Jazwares Rolls Out 'Adventure Time' Toy Images". Comicsalliance.com. Retrieved September 5, 2011.
- "Adventure Time Splat Ball Figure – Jake". Toys R Us. Retrieved October 4, 2012.
- "Adventure Time Shirts". Hot Topic. Retrieved January 27, 2013.
- "Adventure Time". We Love Fine. Retrieved January 27, 2013.
- "Adventure Time T-Shirt Design Challenge". Threadless. Archived from the original on July 2, 2012. Retrieved January 27, 2013.
- "Adventure Time Design Contest". We Love Fine. Retrieved January 27, 2013.
- "Shirts – Adventure Time". CartoonNetwork.com. Retrieved January 27, 2013.
- "Adventure Time Card Wars Princess Bubblegum vs. Lumpy Space Princess". Cryptozoic Entertainment. Retrieved August 4, 2014.
- Busch, Anita (February 27, 2015). "Cartoon Network’s ‘Adventure Time’ Heads To Big Screen At Warner Bros.". Deadline.com. Retrieved February 28, 2015.
- References for the region 1 compilation DVDs, in order of mention:
- "Adventure Time: My Two Favorite People DVD on September 27th". Toon Barn. June 27, 2011. Retrieved July 5, 2011.
- Lambert, David. "Adventure Time with Finn and Jake – Press Release, Box for 'It Came From the Nightosphere'". TVShowsOnDVD.com. Retrieved December 4, 2011.
- "Adventure Time: Jake Vs Me-Mow". Amazon.com. ASIN B008OTTU2S. Retrieved June 27, 2013.
- "Fionna and Cake 4". Amazon.com. ASIN B009Z5BPWS. Retrieved June 27, 2013.
- "Adventure Time: Jake the Dad (DVD + Jake Hat)". Walmart.com. Retrieved July 9, 2013.
- Lambert, David (February 27, 2014). "Adventure Time – DVD for 'Volume 6: The Suitor': Date, Cost, Box Art and More!". TVShowsOnDVD.com. Retrieved February 27, 2014.
- Lambert, David (April 9, 2014). "Adventure Time – Summertime Release for 'Volume 7: Princess Day' on DVD". TVShowsOnDVD.com. Retrieved April 10, 2014.
- "Cartoon Network: Adventure Time and Friends (DVD)". Amazon.com. Retrieved April 1, 2015.
- "Adventure Time: Finn the Human 8". Amazon.com. November 25, 2014. Retrieved September 22, 2014.
- Lambert, David (December 22, 2014). "Adventure Time - Warner/CN Gets Hot and Cold with 'Volume 9: Frost and Fire'". TVShowsOnDVD.com. Retrieved December 29, 2014.
- "Adventure Time DVD news: Press Release for Adventure Time – The Complete 1st Season". TVShowsOnDVD.com. Retrieved April 11, 2012.
- "Adventure Time – 'The Complete 2nd Season' on DVD and Blu-ray... Plus '1st Season' Blu!". TVShowsOnDVD.com. February 9, 2013. Retrieved February 10, 2013.
- "Adventure Time: The Complete Third Season". Amazon.com. Retrieved November 17, 2013.
- "Cartoon Network-Adventure Time-Complete 4th Season". Amazon.com. June 27, 2014. Retrieved June 27, 2014.
- "Adventure Time: The Complete Fifth Season Blu-ray". blu-ray.com. Retrieved April 9, 2015.
- Kurp, Josh (January 14, 2013). "A Bunch Of Great Animated And Adult Swim Shows (And ‘Dallas’!) Will Soon Be Added To Netflix". Uproxx. Retrieved March 28, 2013.
- Cruz, Gilbert (March 4, 2014). "What’s New on Netflix Streaming This Month: March 2014". Vulture. New York Media, LLC. Retrieved March 28, 2014.
- Rackham, Casey (February 24, 2015). "Netflix's March 2015: 'Glee' Season 5 and 'Mad Men' Season 7 Coming, 'Adventure Time' Going". Zap2it. Tribune Digital Ventures. Retrieved April 1, 2015.
- Baldwin, Roberto (April 23, 2015). "Hulu's Turner Deal Gives it Adventure Time, Venture Bros. and More". Engadget. AOL. Retrieved April 23, 2015.
- Frederator's Animation and Production Blog
- Archive of Frederator's blog
- Adventure Time on Cartoon Network
- Adventure Time at the Big Cartoon DataBase
- Adventure Time at the Internet Movie Database