|Country of origin||Netherlands|
|Alcohol by volume||14–20%|
|Flavour||Rich, creamy, smooth|
|Ingredients||Egg yolks, aromatic spirits, sugar or honey, brandy, vanilla, cream or condensed milk|
|Related products||Coquito, Eggnog, Eierpunsch, Kogel mogel, Pisco sour, Ponche crema, Rompope|
Advocaat // or advocatenborrel is a traditional Dutch alcoholic beverage made from eggs, sugar, and brandy. The rich and creamy drink has a smooth, custard-like consistency. The typical alcohol content is generally between 14% and 20% ABV. Its contents may be a blend of egg yolks, aromatic spirits, sugar or honey, brandy, vanilla, and sometimes cream (or condensed milk). Notable makers of advocaat include Bols, Darna Ovo Liker, DeKuyper (in two varieties), and Verpoorten.
Two theories have been put out on the origins of "advocaat".
According to several makers, such as Verpoorten and Bols, and the Oxford companion to Sugar and Sweets, its origins can be traced back to "abacate", an alcoholic beverage of the indigenous people in Brazil, which was made with avocado. Dutch colonials of northern Brazil introduced this beverage to Europe as "advocat/advocaat". As avocados could not grow in northern Europe, they were replaced with egg yolk, thought to have a similar taste and consistency, and the name derived from the avocado stuck, although the drink no longer contains any.
Advocaat [ɑdvoːˈkaːt] is also the Dutch word for "lawyer". As the name of the drink, it is short for advocatenborrel, or "lawyer's drink", where borrel is Dutch for a small alcoholic beverage (liquor, brandy,... but not beer or wine) consumed slowly during a social gathering. According to the 1882 edition of the Woordenboek der Nederlandsche taal (Dictionary of the Dutch Language), it is "zoo genoemd als een goed smeersel voor de keel, en dus bijzonder dienstig geacht voor een advocaat, die in 't openbaar het woord moet voeren" ("so named as a good lubricant for the throat, and thus considered especially useful for a lawyer, who must speak in public").
Types and uses
Jars and wide mouth bottles of thick advocaat are sold mainly in the Netherlands and Belgium, though may be available in Germany and Austria. Further exports are of a more liquid version.
In particular the original thick variety, i.e. without albumen, is used as a waffle, pancake or poffertjes topping, as an ingredient for ice cream, custards, pastries and similar desserts, or as an apéritif or digestif. The latter, possibly topped with whipped cream and then occasionally sprinkled with a touch of cocoa powder, is served in a very tiny bowl or small glass from which it is eaten by use of a teaspoon. In Belgian restaurants and taverns, it may be a complementary accompaniment to a coffee.
In the export variety both parts of the eggs are used. The best known cocktail using advocaat is the Snowball: a mixture of advocaat, sparkling lemonade and sometimes (although this is not required) lime juice that is often consumed at Christmas time. Another is the Fluffy duck, made with rum. Another advocaat-based beverage is the Bombardino, a drink commonly found in Italian ski resorts, particularly the Italian Alps, made by mixing advocaat, brandy, and whipped cream.
The Polish equivalent, ajerkoniak (German: eier 'eggs' and French: cognac), is based on vodka instead of brandy, despite what the name may suggest.
Rompope of Mexico and sabajón of Colombia are very similar liqueurs based on egg yolk and vanilla. Some varieties have additional flavourings.
Snowball is a drink made with Advocaat and lemonade, with ice cubes and a slice of lime, topped off with a cherry.
- Coquito – Puerto Rican rum and coconut milk cocktail
- Eggnog – Sweetened dairy-based beverage
- Eierpunsch – Warm, sweetened alcoholic, egg-based drink
- Kogel mogel – Egg-based homemade dessert
- Pisco sour – Cocktail in Peruvian and Chilean cuisine
- Ponche crema – Cream liqueur from Venezuela and Trinidad and Tobago
- Zabaione, also known as Zabaglione – Italian dessert made with egg, sugar, and wine
- Rinsky, Laura Halpin; Glenn Rinsky (2009). The Pastry Chef's Companion: A Comprehensive Resource Guide for the Baking and Pastry Professional. Hoboken, N.J.: John Wiley & Sons. p. 3. ISBN 0-470-00955-1. OCLC 173182689.
- "Verpoorten". Verpoorten_history.
- M. De Vries & L. A. Te Winkel (1882). Woordenboek der Nederlandsche taal. 1. M. Nijhoff, A.W. Sijthoff, Henri J. Stemberg. p. 827.
- "Bombardino-Calimero". 12 Bottle Bar. 9 December 2010. Retrieved 7 February 2012.
- "Classic snowball". BBC Good Food. Retrieved 28 December 2020.
- Marcus, Lori (2003). Bartending Inside-Out: The Guide to Profession, Profit and Fun (3rd ed.). Crystal Bay, Nev.: Cadillac Press. ISBN 9780964201989.
- Walton, Stuart (2004). The Ultimate Book of Cocktails: How to Create Over 600 Fantastic Drinks Using Spirits, Liqueurs, Wine, Beer and Mixers. London: Hermes House. ISBN 9780681768819. OCLC 156369625.
- Media related to Advocaat at Wikimedia Commons